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Vta 165 review

take home test q&a

QuestionAnswer
An animal with decreased skin turgor, eyes sunken into its orbits, prolonged CRT, and dry mucous membranes is what % dehydrated? 9-12%
The amount of fluid needed by an adult dog not losing extra fluid due to disease is? 50-60 mL/kg/day
Which agent could cause sloughing of the skin if given subcutaneously?? dextrose solutions with a concentration of higher than 2%
IV catheters can be maintained for ___ days? 3-5
Examples of synthetic colloids include ___________ & _____________? Hetastarch and Oxyglobin
True or false? The hemodynamic effects of colloids last longer than those of crystalloids? TRUE
True or false? Approximately 25% of colloid fluids remain in the vascular space after 1 hr TRUE
True or false? Crystalloids are more expensive than colloids? FALSE
True or false? Crystalloids are primarily isotonic and contain primarily water and sodium TRUE
Calculate the replacement fluid volume for a 12 lb cat that is 5% dehydrated approximately 270mL
Define Isotonic fluids equal osmotic pressure to blood
Hypertonic greater osmotic pressure than blood
hypotonic less osmotic pressure than blood
What type of fluid flows into cells (intracellular) from circulation (extracellular)? Hypotonic
What type pulls fluid from the cells (intracellular)into circulation ( extracellular space )? hypertonic
What type of fluid maintains equilibrium? isotonic
Define on going losses Refers to excessive vomiting and/or diarrhea (estimated volume of loss multiplied by 2) = ongoing loss
A body is approximately_________% water. 60-70%
Of that approximately 1/3 is located where? extra cellular
Of the 60-70% of water the body is made of 2/3 ia located Where? intra-cellular
__________ is the movement of water through a semipermeable membrane? osmosis
to correct dehydration one must figure the daily maintence requirement of the animal and then add ____________ and __________- to determine total fluid replacement volume ongoing losses and deficit volume
Subcutaneous fluid administration is a good choice for animals that are _____________ dehydrated? mildly
Dry oral mucous membranes but NO panting or pathological tachycardia is a sign of ______% of dehydration 5$
Marked loss of skin turgor, dry oral mucous membranes and significant signs of shock are all signs of ___% of dehydration? 12%
list 3 signs of over hydration 1.Pulmonary edema, increase in respiratory rate, 2.Swelling of conjunctiva, feet, trunk, or chin. 3. Generalized swelling of SQ tissue
Created by: Adeprey4311