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Chapter 13


arachn/o spider
ax/o axis or main stem
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum, or largest part of brain
crani/o skull
dur/o dura mater or tough, hard
encephal/o brain
mening/o and meningi/o membrane lining the central nervous system
myel/o spinal cord or bone marrow; “white substance”
neur/i and neur/o nerve
pia means soft or tender, and this layer of the meninges is soft with a rich supply of blood vessels
poli/o gray mafter of the brain and spinal cord
plex/o network
synaps/o and synapt/o point of contact
-cyte cell
-plegia paralysis
-paresis weakness
-esthesia sensation or feeling
-lepsy seizure
-ptosis drooping or sagging
-malacia abnormal softening
Contra against or opposite
idio- peculiar to an individual
ipsi- is the prefix meaning the same
para- apart from, beside, near, rear in quadrupeds, or abnormal
Nystagmus is involuntary, rhythmic movement of the eye
Concussion shaking of the brain caused by injury
Contusion bruising
Created by: kgwellnitz4