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PHYSICAL EXAMS

VTA 160 quiz #2 on Monday 2-24-12

QuestionAnswer
What is the "chief complaint" or CC? The reason for the visit
Define signalment complete description of the animal
What is attitude otherwise called? mentation
what does the attitude BAR stand for? bright alert responsive
what does the attitude QAR stand for? quiet alert responsive
what does the attitude QLR stand for? quiet lethargic responsive
what does the attitude QLN stand for? quiet lethargic non-responsive
What are 2 ways you can determine heart rate? 1. auscultate the heart w/ your stethoscope, count the beats your hear 2.palpate the pulse at the femoral artery, count the beats you feel
What is the unit that should be recorded with every heart rate? BPM= Beats per minute
describe the method for calculating the heart rate number count the number of beats heard/felt in a 15sec. period, multiply that number by 4 to get the number of beats per min
What is the normal heart rate for cats? 160-240 BPM
What is the normal heart rate for dogs? 70-180 BPM
What are 2 ways you can determine respiratory rate? 1.Auscultate w/ your stethoscope 2.what the chest rise and fall
What is the unit that should be recorded with every respiratory rate?? BPM= Breaths per minute
Describe the method used to calculate the respiratory rate number count the number of breaths heard/seen, multiply that number by 4 to get the number of breaths per minute
What is the normal respiratory rate for dogs? 16-24
What is the normal respiratory rate for cats? 16-30
What common tissue do you look at for mucus membrane color? gums
what is a normal membrane color?? pink
what would a membrane color of blue indicate? cyanotic
what would a membrane color of bright red indicate? septic
what would a membrane color of white indicate? anemia
what would a muddy or gray colored membrane indicate? shock
what would a yellow color membrane color mean? icteric
What does CRT stand for?? capillary refill time
What is the normal measurement for CRT? seconds
Describe how you measure CRT press on mucus membrane , count the number of seconds it takes for the color to return to normal
What is the most accurate way to measure body temperature? rectally
What is the unit of measure for body temperature in the united states? degrees Fahrenheit
What a re 2 types of thermometers that can be used for body temperature? Mercury thermometers Digital Thermometers
define patient history
What is the normal temperature range for dogs? 99-102.5 Degrees Fahrenheit
Vocabulary: NARES- The openings of the Nasal Cavities
Vocabulary: PULSE DEFICIT- The difference between the Apical pulse and Radial pulse, obtained by counting apical beats (as heard through a stethoscope)over the heart & counting the arterial pulse at the same time
vocabulary: STERTOR- Snoring sound of respiration usually due to partial obstruction of the upper airway
Vocabulary: STRIDOR- ( noisy breathing) Shrill, harsh sound especially the respiratory sound heard during inspiration in laryngeal obstruction
Vocabulary: SCLERA- The tough outer protective layer of the eyeball
Vocabulary: CORNEA- Clear, transparent portion of the sclera, allows light to enter the interior of the eyeball
Vocabulary: TYINNEREMPANIC MEMBRANE- THE EAR DRUM (MEMBRANE THAT SEPERATES OUTER EAR FROM MIDDLE/INNER EAR
Vocabulary: AUSCULTATION- Listening to the inside of the body using a stethoscope
Vocabulary: Dyspena Difficult, painful breathing
What is the SOAP form Subjective, OBJECTIVE, ASSESMENNT, PLAN
What does Subjective mean? (soap format) These are symptoms given verbally by the client, or any other person, includes descriptions of pain amean? nd discomfort
What does objective mean? (SOAP) These include symptoms the veterinary assistant can actually see, hear, touch, feel or smell as well as any test results
What does assessment mean? (SOAP) This is the assessment of the findings listed in "O", Basically the diagnosis, Done by the DVM
What does plan mean? (SOAP) The current formulation and plan for the patient, includes planned treatments, tests, etc...
What does the abbreviation DDX stand for? differential diagnosis
What does the abbreviation TPX stand for? tentative diagnosis
What does the abbreviation DX stand for? Diagnosis
What does the abbreviation SX stand for? Surgery
What does the abbreviation TX stand for? Treatment
What does the abbreviation RX stand for? Prescribe
What does the abbreviation PX stand for?? Prognosis
Created by: Adeprey4311