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Med Terms 2

Chapter 2

Ventral Belly, underside
Dorsal Back
Cranial Towards head
Caudal Towards tail
Anterior Front of body
Posterior Rear of body
Rostral Nose end of the head
Cephalic Pertaining to the head
Caudal Toward the tail
Medial Towards midline
Lateral Away from midline
Superior Upperost, above, toward the head
Inferior Lowermost, below, towards the tail
Proximal Nearest to midline or begining of structure
Superficial Near surface
Deep Away from surface
Palmar Front paw
Plantar Rear paw
Midsagitial Plane Divides body into equal L/R regions
Sagitial Plane Divides body into UNEQUAL L/R parts
Dorsal Plane Divides body into back and belly parts
Transverse Plane Divide body into cranial and caudal regions
Dental Arcade How teeth are arranged in the mouth
Lingual Surface Aspect of the tooth that faces the tounge
Palatal Surface Surface of maxilla that faces the tounge
Buccal Surface Aspects of the tooth that face the cheek
Occlusal Surfaces Teeth that meet when you chew
Labial Surface Tooth surface facing the lips
Mesial Contact surface is one closest to the midline
Cavity Hole or hollow space
Cranial Cavity Hollow space that contains brain
Spinal Cavity Hollow space that contains spinal cord inside spinal column
Thoracic Cavity Hollow space that contains heart and lungs
Abdominal Cavity Contains major organs of digestion
Pelvic Cavity Contains reproductive and some excratory systems
Peritoneum Membrane lining the walls of the abdomenal and pelvic cavities
Parietal Peritoneum Outer layer
Visceral Peritoneum Inner layer
Umbilicus Pit in abdominal wall marking the point where the umbilical cord enters fetus
Dorsal Recumbency Lying on back
Vertral Recumbency Lying on belly
Left Lateral Recumbency Lying on left side
Right Lateral Recumbency Lying on right side
Adduction Movement towards midline
Abduction Movement away from midline
Flexion Closure of joint
Extension Opening of joint
Hyperflexion Joint flex/extended too far
Hyperextension Joint flex/extended too far
Supination Rotating/moving limb so palmar surface is upward
Pronation Rotating/moving libg so palmar surface is downward
Epithelial Tissue Covers internal and external body surfaces
Connective Tissue Support and give structure
Muscle Tissue Ability to contract and relax
Nervous Tissue Ability to react to stimuli and conduct electrical impulses
Glands Group of specalized cells that secrete material used elsewhere in the body
Exocrine Gland Secrete into ducts that lead out of body
Endocrine Gland Secrete directly to bloodstream
Created by: Dar73387