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Human Skeletal and Dental Anatomy

What are the standard anatomical directions? Anterior - Posterior Superior - Inferior Medial - Lateral Proximal - Distal
Joint types - Fibrous/Sutural Fixed
Joint types - Cartilaginous Semi-moveable
Joint types - Synovial Extremely movable Ball and Socket Joint
What does paleoanthropology examine? Evolutionary relationships - Closest living relatives, ancestral Hominin lineages
What makes us human? Bipedalism, Cranial capacity, culture.
What does bioarchaeology examine? Human adaptation - Environment, disease, diet. Demographic - populations structure, health, burial practices, culture.
How do anthropologists determine age of fossils? Non-adults - bone epiphyseal fusion, dental eruption. Adults - relative aging, degenerative changes.
How do anthropologists determine the sex of fossils? Pevis - Sciatic notch, Sub-public angle Skull - Supra-orbital rim, orbital Tori, mandible, mastoid process.
What can pathology and trauma of fossils show us? Fracture, infection, skeletal response (bone growth & resorbtion), skeletal remodeling.
Created by: cassidylm34