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Anthropology 101

Marriage and Family

Marriage A culturally sanctioned union between two or more people that establishes certain rights and obligations between the people, between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws.
Monogamy A marriage form in which both partners have just one spouse
Serial Monogamy A marriage form in which a man or a woman marries or lives with a series of partners in succession.
Polygamy A marriage form in which one individual has multiple spouses at the same time
Polygyny A marriage form in which a man is married to two or more women a the same time
Polyandry A marriage form in which a woman is married to two or more men at one time
Incest Taboo The prohibition of sexual relations between specified individuals, usually parent and child and sibling relations at a minimum
Cross Cousin The child of a mother's brother or a father's sister
Endogamy Marriage within a particular group or category of individuals
Exogamy Marriage outside the group
Bride Price The money or valuable goods paid by the groom or his family to the bride's family upon marriage
Bride Service A designated period of time when the groom works for the bride's family
Dowry A payment at the time of a woman's marriage that comes from her inheritance, made to either her or her husband
Patriolocal Residence A residence pattern in which a married couple lives in the husband's father's place of residence
Matriolocal Residence A residence pattern in which a married couple lives in the wife's mother's place of residence
Ambilocal Residence The couple can join either the groom's or the bride's family, living wherever the resources look best or their presence is most needed or appreciated
Neolocal Residence A residence pattern in which a married couple establishes its households in a location apart from either the husbands or the wifes relatives
Avunculocal Residence The couple lives with the husband's mother's brother
Natolocal Residence A newly married couple remain in their own separate family's households after their marriage rather than live in a residence together
Dower A widow's share for life of her husbands estate
Marriage and the Regulation of Sexual Relations Every society has measures for the management of sexuality and sanctions for those who break the rules. Sanctions may be imposed at the level of the family, the lineage, the community, or the state.
Created by: crescenti