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terminology ch. 17

ch 17 "Drugs, Diseases, and Dissection " from romich book vet. med. terminology

QuestionAnswer
agonist substance that produces effect by binding to an appropriate receptor
antagonist substance that inhibits a specific action by binding with a particular receptor instead of allowing the agonist to bind to the receptor.
antiserum = serum containing specific antibodies extracted from a hyperimmunized animal, or an animal that has been infected with the microorganisms
antitoxin specific antiserum aimed at a poison that contains a concentration of antbodies extracted from the serum or plasma of a healthy animal.
bacterin bacterial vaccine
chelated bound to and precipitated out of solution.
contraindication recommendation not to use
diffusion = movement of solutes from an area of high concentration of particles to one of low concentration of particles
dosage amount of medication based on units per weight of animal
dosage interval time between administrations of a drug
dose amount of medication measured
drug agent used to diagnose, prevent, or treat a disease
efficacy extent to which a drug causes the intended effects; effectiveness.
endogenous originating within the body.
exogenous originating outside the body
hydrophilic water-loving; ionized form
hyperkalemia excessive level of blood potassium
hypernatremia excessive level of blood sodium.
hypertonic solution solution that has more particles than the solution or cell to which it is being compared. [The tonicity of solutions usually is compared to blood cells]
hypokalemia deficiency of blood potassium.
hyponatremia deficiency of blood sodium.
hypotonic solution solution that has fewer particles than the solution or cell to which it is being compared
hypovolemia low circulating blood volume.
ionized electrically charged
isotonic solution solution that has equal particles to the solution or cell to which it is being compared
lipophilic fat-loving; nonionized form
monovalent vaccine, antiserum, or antitoxin developed specifically for a single antigen or organism.
nonionized not charged electrically
osmosis movement of water across a selectively permeable membrane along its concentration gradient
pharmacodynamics physiological effects of drugs and their mechanisms of action.
pharmacokinetics movement of drugs or chemicals; consists of absorption, distribution, biotransformation, and elimination.
placebo inactive substance that is given for its suggestive effects or substance used as a control in experimental setting.
polyvalent vaccine, antiserum, or antitoxin that is active against multiple antigens or organisms; mixed vaccine.
prevention or prophylaxis avoidance
regimen course of treatment
turgor degree of fullness or rigidity caused by fluid content
inhalation vapors and gases taken in through the nose and mouth and absorbed into the bloodstream through the lungs
intra-arterial within the artery; abbreviated IA
intradermal within the skin; abbreviated ID
intramuscular within the muscle; abbreviated IM.
intraocular within the eye.
intraosseous within the bone
intraperitoneal within the peritoneal cavity; abbreviated IP.
intrathecal within a sheath; injection of a substance through the spinal cord and into the subarachnoid space.
intratracheal within the trachea
intravenous ; abbreviated IV.
nebulization process of making a fine mist; a method of drug administration.
nonparenteral administration via the gastrointestinal tract.
oral by mouth; abbreviated PO or p.o. Nothing orally is abbreviated NPO or n.p.o.
parenteral through routes other than the gastrointestinal tract
percutaneous through the skin.
rectal by rectum.
subcutaneous under the skin, or dermal layer; abbreviated SQ, SC, or subq.
sublingual under the tongue.
transdermal across the skin. Medication is stored in a patch placed on the skin, and the medication is absorbed through the skin.
centimeter = metric unit of length equal to one one-hundredth of a meter; abbreviated cm [.01 meters]
dram = apothecary unit of measure used for prescription vials. One dram equals 1.8 ounce (by weight)and 1 fluid dram equals 4 mL.
gram metric base unit of weight equal to 0.035 ounce; abbreviated g.
kilogram metric unit of weight that is 1000 grams; 1 kilogram is approximately 2.2 pounds; abbreviated kg
liter metric base unit of volume equal to 0.2642 gallons ; abbreviated L
meter metric base unit of length equal to 1.09 yards; abbreviated m.
milligram metric unit of weight equal to one one-thousandth of a gram; abbreviated mg
milliliter metric unit of volume equal to 0.034 of an ounce or one one-thousandth of a liter; abbreviated mL; equivalent to 1 cubic centimeter
millimeter metric unit of length equal to one one-thousandth of a meter; abbreviated mm
percent part per 100 parts; represented by %
bid twice daily (bis in die)
_ c with
cc cubic centimeter (same as mL)
gt drop (gutta); drops is gtt (guttae)
mL milliliter
NPO/n.p.o nothing orally (non per os)
_ p after
PO/p.o orally (per os)
prn as needed
q every
q4h every 4 hours
q6h every 6 hours
q8h every 8 hours
q12h every 12 hours
q24h every 24 hours
qd every day (same as sid)
qh every hour
qid four times daily
qn every night
qod every other day
_ s without
sid once daily (qd or q24h is the preferred abbreviation)
T tablespoon or tablet
tab tablet (also abbreviated T)
tid three times daily (ter in die)
Created by: mtalbot