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terminology ch. 16

ch. 16:" Testing Testing" from romich book veterinary medical terminology

QuestionAnswer
pyr/o fire!!
Diagnosis determination of the cause of disease
Differential diagnosis is the determination of possible causes of diseases
Prognosis is the prediction of the outcome of a disease
Sign is a characteristic of disease that can be observed by others.
Symptom is a characteristic of disease that can be sensed only by the patient
syndrome is a set of signs that occur together.
Acute having a short course
chronic having a long course
Remission is partial or complete disappearance of disease signs
Endemic or enzootic is the ongoing presence of disease in a group
Epidemic or epizootic is the sudden and widespread outbreak of disease in a group
Pandemic or panzootic is disease outbreak occurring over a large geographic area
pathogen pathogen
microorganism is a living organism of microscopic dimensions
virulence is used to describe the ability of an organism to cause disease
Disease is deviation from norma
contagious disease or communicable disease disease that can be spread from one animal to another by direct or indirect contact
iatrogenic disease disorder caused by physicians or veterinarians
idiopathic disease disorder of unknown cause. Idiopathic disease is a disease peculiar to an individual and not likely to be seen in others.
infectious disease disorder caused by pathogenic organisms
noncontagious disease that cannot be spread to another animal by contact or contact with a contaminated object.
noninfectious disease disorder not caused by organisms (examples include genetic, traumatic, and iatrogenic)
nosocomial infection disorder caused by pathogenic organisms contracted in a facility or clinic.
asymptomatic without signs of disease.
atraumatic pertaining to, resulting from, or caused by a noninjurious route
carrier animal that harbors an infectious agent without displaying clinical signs and who may transmit the infectious agent to others
clinical visible, readily observed,pertaining to treatment
contract to catch a disease.
excessive more than normal.
epidemiology study of relationships determining frequency and distribution of diseases
etiology study of disease causes
focus localized region
germ common term for any pathogenic microorganism, but especially bacterial and viral organisms
incidence number of new cases of disease occurring during a given time
labile unstable
lethal causing death
morbid afflicted with disease
morbidity ratio of diseased animals to well animals in a population
moribund near death.
mortality ratio of diseased animals that die to diseased animals.
palliative able to relieve but not cure a condition
phobia extreme fear
prevalence number of cases of disease in a population at a certain time
prophylaxis prevention.
sequela condition occurring as a consequence of another condition
subclinical without showing signs of disease
susceptible lacking resistance.
swollen enlarged by fluid retention
transmissible ability to transfer from one animal to the next
transmission transfer from one animal to the next. There are different types of disease transmission
bloodborne transmission spread of disease via blood or body fluids
sexual transmission spread of disease via contact with reproductive areas or through copulation
airborne transmission spread of disease via respiratory droplets
fecal–oral transmission spread of disease via eating, drinking, or licking contaminated food, water, or objects
traumatic pertaining to, resulting from, or causing injury
zoonosis = disease that can be transmitted between animals and humans.
-logy the science of or the study o
fluor/o luminous or giving off light
Created by: mtalbot