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FFL Exam 2

DEF: Body Image an individual's perceptions, images, thoughts, emotions, feelings and attitudes toward his own body
Distortion: Thompson Psychology Today Mirror study estimating body size of others is very accurate estimating own body size is distorted as much as 25% 95% of women overestimate body size
Afraid to eat (stats) 1/12 teen girls vomit or take laxatives 1/3 teens have eating disorders 1/2 are undernourished
Body image problems causes psychological stress
DEF: BDD body dysmorphic disorder
BDD info related to obsessive-compulsive disorder lead to depression, social phobia, suicide treatment: medication + psychotherapy
DEF: Muscle dysmorphia disorder characterized by distorted body image, affected people inaccurately perceive themselves as small, with underdeveloped muscles
Bible Romans 12:1 physical appearance not important to God Isaiah 53:2
Body satisfaction 50-80% of US adults dissatisfied with their weight
DEF: BMI body mass index
Body mass index <20 = underweight 20-25 = normal >25 = overweight >30 = obese
Obesity Apple: intra-abdominal or central obesity Pear: lower body fat central obesity associated with many diseases (stroke, diabetes, HBP)
Causes of being overweight chemical imbalance/hormonal misfunction heredity: 25-40% of weight is due to genetics childhood weight patterns decrease in physical activity increased caloric consumption
Principles of exercise for fat loss exercise harder/intervals exercise more frequently exercise short to medium duration choose exercises you enjoy choose low impact exercises exercise in cool conditions
Goals for weight loss not more than 1% bodyweight per week nutritional adequacy drink enough water exercise 250 kcals/day behavior modification eat via food pyramid
Weight maintenance continue successful eating habits continue successful exercise habits allow for plateaus
Weight gain genetically predisposed (5-10% of pop.)
Treatment for weight gain perform strength training increase caloric intake get lots of rest
Body fat (men) essential (3-5) healthy (14-16) overweight (>25)
Body fat (women) essential (12-14) healthy (14-16) overweight (>30)
Types of stress hyperstress hypostress eustress distress
DEF: Hyperstress short term, relaxation follows
DEF: Hypostress under potential, injuries
DEF: Eustress good experiences
DEF: Distress long term, no resolve
Selye's GAS (general adaptation syndrome) Alarm: body recognizes that a stressor is present Resistance: body adapts and develops coping mechanisms Exhaustion: body's ability to cope has been exceeded for one reason
Stress treatment strategies consequence management managing activating events managing beliefs
Sleep in America: historical trend 30% drop in sleep 98% of Americans say sleep is important 40% cut back on sleep for something "more important"
4 reasons sleep is important sleep deprivation negatively effects mood insufficient sleep undermines mental acuity sleeplessness increases risk of being involved in an accident highly recommended by God
What happens when you sleep EEG: brain waves EOG: eye movement EMG: muscular movement
Random eye movement (REM) body quiet, mind active shallow sleep dreaming occurs body slows down mental filing
Non-REM sleep phase deeper phases of sleep body's phys. slows down cell maintenance, regeneration, and repair occur plenty of postural shifting
Determining how much sleep you need levels of activity may affect sleep requirements (pregnant, growing) sleep needs are individual avoid stimulants do not nap establish/maintain a regular sleep schedule get regular exercise create a quality sleeping environment
3 categories of sleep disorders insomnia hyper-somnolence nocturnal events
Insomnia treatment get on a regular schedule deal with the internal issue take practical steps
Created by: sweetwatersam