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Chapter 1 terms

Biotech Ag.

TermDefinition
Genetic Engineering the process of removing and or inserting genetic materials in order to change an organisms traits
Bioinformatics the use of information technology to store, analyze,sort,label, and share the many DNA sequences generated by genome sequencing projects
Synthetic Biology the process where biological parts and entire living systems may be designed and synthesized in the laboratory
Developing Countries countries that are in the process of developing in terms of infrastructure,food production, and so on
Green Revolution a term referring to the tremendous advances in food production that began in the 1970s
DNA a genetic proteinlike nuceic acid on plant and animal genes and chromosomes that controls inheritance
Transgenic organisms that are transferred from one organism to another
Biotech the use of technology to influence biological functions
Genetically Modified organisms that have been genetically changed through the invention of humans. This includes the process of selective breeding
Genetically Engineered the process of removing genes from one organism and transferring them to another organism
Cloning production of a genetically identical offspring by artificial means
Biomanufacturing manufacturing through the use of biotechnology, such as gene splicing
Pharming a term combining the words pharmaceutical and farming that refers to rowing organisms usually genetically altered for the purpose of producing pharmaceuticals
Personalized Medicine medicine that is designed for a particular individual
Personalized Genomics the particular gene makeup of an individual
Gene Therapy a medical procedure to treat and cure genetic disorders that includes modifying or replacing disease- causing genes, 2) procedure to combat genetic diseases that involves the insertion of genes into the human genome that corrects a problem with a person's
Stem Cells cells that are programmed to begin the differentiation process of cell development
Bioremediation an environmental improvement process whereby living organisms can be used to consume and convert pollutants to harmless substances
Biotechnology Label: Exam "(1) The manipulation of living organisms or parts of organisms to make products useful to humans. (2) Using knowledge of cells to modify their activities in order to make living or- ganisms more effective in serving people. (3) Deals with
Created by: haleyag710