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First Test AIS

AIS

TermDefinition
Stereotype a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.
Noble savage a representative of primitive humankind as idealized in Romantic literature, symbolizing the innate goodness of humanity when free from the corrupting influence of civilization. European comparison, state of nature, Hobbes.
Manifest destiny 19th century, 1. The special virtues of the American people and their institutions; 2. America's mission to redeem and remake the world in the image of America; 3. A divine destiny under God's direction to accomplish this wonderful task.
Bering land bridge 20,000 years ago, humans from Kamchatka peninsula crossed into Alaska
Franz Boas Father of American anthropology, against scientific racism, cultural relativism, cultures cannot be ranked objectively higher or lower.
Endonym The name the group itself calls it.
Triblet Small tribe of Native Americans, small independent groups of Native Americans with one large village, Northern Cali
New World to Old World Columbian exchange New to Old World: Maize, potatoes, tomatoes, alpaca, muscovy duck, turkey, alpaca, mink, syphillis, Chagas disease, chili peppers, pumpkin, avocado
Old World to New World cat, horse, chicken, cow, bees, sheep, pig, banana, artichoke, bubonic plague, typhus, malaria, scarlet fever, smallpox, measles, yellow fever
encomienda system Person was responsible for natives, natives would be granted protection, Spanish language, and Catholic faith, in return they had to pay tribute in gold, labor other products not much different from slavary
reductions mission towns made to control Indians
Yasak Fur tribute given to the Russians by Inuits and Aleuts
Pueblo Revolt Led by Pope, killed 400 Spanish, reclaimed land in New Mexico. 12 years later, Spanish returned and reclaimed land with little opposition.
Russian American Company Ran by creoles, monopoly over Alaskan fur trade
Wampum whelk shell, clam, quahog, used as currency with Natives, goods traded for wampum on coast, wampum traded for furs in interior
Pays d'en haut covered most of Great Lakes territory, French territory
Calumet Ceremonial smoking pipe for tribes seal deals
Metis Part french part Native
Sachem Chief among Algonquians
Royal Proclamation of 1763 Forbade settlers to settle past Appalaicans, certain line
Dawes Allotment Act Divided reservations into allotments for individuals to farm
Created by: tequa