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syndromes table


QuestionBlood pressurePulse ratePupil SizeSweatingPeristalsisExamples
Sympatholytic -- centrally acting alpha2 agonists [clonidine and methyldopa], opioids, phenothiazines.
Nicotinic + + ± + + nicotine and the depolarizing neuromuscular blocker succinylcholine, which act on nicotinic receptors in skeletal muscle.
Muscarinic -- -- + + bethanechol.
Mixed cholinergic ± ± -- + + organophosphate and carbamate insecticides and physostigmine.
Anticholinergic (antimuscarinic) ± + + -- -- atropine, scopolamine, benztropine, antihistamines, and antidepressants;
Alpha-adrenergic + + + phenylpropanolamine phenylephrine.
Beta-adrenergic ± + ± ± ± albuterol, metaproterenol, theophylline, caffeine.
Mixed adrenergic + + + + cocaine amphetamines
Created by: pberriochoa