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5 Components of Fit

Quick reference to the 5 components of fitness

FIT Principle The variables of frequency, intensity and time
Frequency Number of exercise sessions per week
Intensity Training load expressed as weight, speed or heart rate
Overload An increase in one or more of the FIT variables to provide an additional workload
Progression Gradual increase in one or more of the FIT variables to create an overload
Specificity Exercise training is specific to the muscles used and the component of fitness trained
Time Minutes or repetitions
Muscular Strength The ability of a muscle or muscles to push or pull with its/their total force
Muscular Endurance The muscles' ability to work over a long period of time without becoming tired
Flexibility The muscles' ability to move a joint through a full range of motion
Cardiorespiratory Endurance The ability of the heart and lungs to supply enough oxygen to the body during long periods of physical activity
Body Composition The difference between fat-free mass and fat mass
Resistance Training An activity that places an additional force against the muscle or muscle group
Created by: teachhutch