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NASM-CPT Ch.10 2013

Balance Training Concepts

What is Balance? When the body is in equilibrium and stationary meaning no linear or angular movement.
What is dynamic balance? The ability to move and change directions under various conditions without falling.
Maintenance of balance is an integrated process integrating what? length tension relationship, optimal force couple relationship, joint dynamics, neuromuscular efficiency using visual, vestibular (inner ear) and proprioceptive inputs.
What is synonymous with length tension relationship and force couple relationship? muscular balance
What is synonymous with joint dynamics? arthrokinematics
Why is joint dysfunction such a problem? It leads to muscle inhibition, joint injury, swelling and altered proprioception
Is balance static or dynamic? Both
What is the goal of balance training? continually increase the clients awareness of his or her limit of stability (or kinesthetic awareness) by creating controlled instability.
What are the levels of Balance training? stabilization, strength, and power
How do you regress or progress stabilization? change the surface, visual condition, and body position.
Which phase are these exercises in? Sinble leg balance, single-leg balance reach, single-leg hip internal and external rotation, single-leg lift and chop, single-leg throw and catch? Balance Stabiliztion
Which phase are these exercises in? Single Leg squat, single leg-squat touchdown, single-leg Romanian deadlift, multiplanar step-up to balance, multiplanar lunge to balance. Balance Strength
Which phase are these exercises in? Multiplanar hop with stabilization, multiplanar single-leg hop-up with stabilization, multiplanar single-leg box hop-down with stabiliazition Balance Power