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terminology midterm1

chp 1,2,4

TermDefinition
prefix word part found at the beginning of a word. indicates number,location,time or status.
root word part that gives the essential meaning of the word
combining vowel single vowel usually an o, that is added to the end of a root to make word easier to pronounce.
combining form combination of the root and the combining vowel.
suffix word part found at the end of the word, indicates procedure, condition, disease, or disorder
traumatic pertaining to injury
uria means urination
A- without or no
Atraumatic without injury
An- without or no
Anuria absence of urine
Ab- away from
Abduction to take away from the midline
Ad- means towards
Adduction move towards the midline
emetic pertaining to vomiting
Anti- means against
Antiemetics work against or prevent vomiting
Dys- means difficult, painful, or bad
Dysphagia difficulty eating or swallowing
Eu- good,easy or normal
Euthyroid having a normally functioning thyroid gland.
Endo- within, inside
endocrine to secrete internally
Ex- or Exo- without,out of, outside, or away from
Exocrine to secrete externally (via a duct)
Endo- within or inside
Endoparasite an organism that lives within the body of the host
Ecto- outside
Ectoparasite an organism that lives on the outer surface of the host.
Hyper- elevated, higher, or more than normal
Hyperglycemia elevated amounts of blood glucose
Hypo- depressed, lower, or less than normal
Hypoglycemia depressed amounts of blood glucose.
Inter- between
Intercostal between the ribs
Intra- within
Intramuscular within the muscle
Poly- many or excessive
Polyuria excessive amounts or frequency of urination
Oligo- scant or little
Oliguria scant amount or frequency of urination
Pre- before
Preanesthetics pertaining to before anesthetia
Post- after
Postanesthesia pertaining to after anesthesia
Sub- below, under,or less
Sublingual under the tongue
Super- and Supra- above, beyond, or excessive
Supernumerary more than the regular number
Suprascapular above the shoulder blade
Peri- around
Perioperative pertaining to the period around an operation or the period before, during, and after an operation.
preoperative before or preceding an operation
Postoperative after an operation
Epi- upper
Extra- outside
Hyper- above,increase,or more than normal
Hypo- below,under,or decreased
Infra- below or beneath
Inter- between
Intra- within
Meta- beyond
Per- throughout
Sub- below,under,or decreased
Super- above,increase,or more than normal
Supra- above,increase,or more than normal
Trans- across
Ultra- above,increased, or more than normal
Arthroscope instrument to visually examine the joint
Gastritis inflammation of the stomach
gast/o stomach
enter/o small intestine
Gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and the small intestines
Pan- prefix meaning all
leuk/o combining form meaning white
-penia suffix meaning deficiency or reduction in number
Panleukopenia is a deficiency in all white blood cells
-tomy cutting into or incision
Gastrotomy incision into the stomach
-stomy surgically created opening
Gastrostomy surgically created opening between the stomach and the body surface
-ectomy surgical removal or excision
Gastrectomy surgical removal of the stomach
-ac pertaining to
cardiac pertaining to the heart
-al pertaining to
renal pertaining to the kidneys
-an pertaining to
ovarian pertaining to the ovary
-ar pertaining to
lumbar pertaining to the loin,lower back
-ary pertaining to
alimentary pertaining to the gastrointestinal tract
-eal pertaining to
laryngeal pertaining to the larynx
-ic pertaining to
enteric pertaining to the intestines
-ine pertaining to
uterine pertaining to the uterus
-ous pertaining to
cutaneous pertaining to the skin
-tic pertaining to
nephrotic pertaining to the kidneys
mastectomy surgical removal of mammary glands
-pexy suture to stabalize
gastropexy surgically stabilizing the stomach to the abdominal wall
-plasty surgical repair
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
colostomy surgically creating opening between the colon and the body surface
laparotomy incision in the abdomen
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid or gas
cystocentesis a surgical puncture of the urinary bladder with a needle to remove urine
-gram record of
electrocardiogram the electrocardiographic hard copy
-graph instrument that record
electrocardiograph the machine that records the electrical activity of the heart
-graphy procedure that records
electrocardiography the procedure used to record the electrical activity of the heart
-lysis separation or breakdown
urinalysis separation of urine into its constituents
-scope instrument to visually examine
endoscope instrument used to examine the inside of the body
-scopy procedure to visually examine
endoscopy the procedure of visually examine the inside of the inside of the body
-therapy treatment
chemotherapy treatment with chemical substances or drugs
-rrhagia or -rrhage bursting forth
hemorrhage bursting forth of blood from the vessels
-rrhapy to suture
enterorrhaphy suturing of the intestines
rrhea flow,discharge
diarrhea complete discharge of the bowels
-rrhexis rupture
myorrhexis rupture of the muscle
-algia and -dynia pain
arthralgia and arthrodynia joint pain
-itis inflammation
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
-malacia abnormal softening
osteomalacia abnormal softening of bone
-megaly enlargement
cardiomegaly enlargement of the heart
-osis abnormal condition
cardiosis abnormal condition of the heart
-pathy disease
enteropathy disease of the small intestine
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
arteriosclerosis abnormal hardening of the arteries
-um structure
pericardium the structure that surrounds the heart
cyanosis condition of blue discoloration
cyanotic pertaining to the blue discoloration
anemia a blood condition of deficient red blood cells and/or hemoglobin
anemic pertaining to a blood condition of deficient red blood cells and/or hemoglobin
mucus slime like substance that is composed of glandular secretion salts cells and leukocytes
mucous pertaining to mucus
ilium part of hip
iliac pertaining to hip
condyle a rounded projection on a bone
condylar pertaining to a rounded projection on a bone
carpus joint between ulna and radius and the metacarpals
carpal pertaining to joint between the radius and ulna and the metacarpals
ovariohysterectomy surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus
hepatoma liver mass
hematoma mass or collection of blood
urethra takes urine from the urinary bladder to outside the body
ureters collect urine from the kidney and transport it to the urinary bladder
ileum distal part of the small intestines
myel/o combining form of spinal cord and bone marrow
palpate to fell
catheter needle used to inject/remove fluids
Hist/o tissue
meso- middle
Adip/o fat
Anaplasia change in the structure of cells and the orientation to each other.
Aplasia lack of development of an organ or a tissue or a cell
Dysplasia abnormal growth or development of an organ or tissue or a cell
Hyperplasia abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in normal arrangement in an organ or tissue or cells
Hypoplasia incomplete or less than normal development of an organ or tissue or cells
Neoplasia tumor; abnormal new rapid uncontrollable growth of tissue
benign not recurring not harmful
malignant tending to spread and be life threatening
-oma tumor, neoplasia
Atrophy is decrease in size or complete wasting an organ or tissue or cells
Dystrophy defective growth in the size of an organ or tissue or cells
Hypertrophy increase in the size of an organ, tissue or cell
-plasia describe formation ,development, and growth of tissue and cell number
-trophy formation ,development, and increase in size of tissue and cells
Created by: mang0_pineapple