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VT 2400`

SX AND AX

QuestionAnswer
LONG TERM TOXICITY OF INHALANT ANESTHESTICS IS THOUGH TO BE CAUSED BY RELEASE OF TOXIC METABOLITES DURING LIVER METABOLISM
THE ANESTHETIC MOST CLEARLY ASSOCIATED WITH NEUROLOGIC AND ADVERSE REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS NITROUS OXIDE
WHAT AN BE USED TO EFFECTIVELY MONITOR WASTE ANESTHETIC GAS LEVELS PASSIVE DOSIMETER BADGE
TO CONDUCT A LOW-PRESSURE TEST ON AN ANESTHETIC MACHINE, YOU MUST CLOSE THE POP OFF VALVE, TURN ON THE FLOW METER, OCCLUDE THE END OF THE CIRCUIT
HOW OFTEN SHOULD A TEST FOR LOW-PRESSURE LEAKS BE CONDUCTED EACH DAY THE MACHINE IS USED
THE SAFEST WAY TO TRANSPORT A LARGE HIGH-PRESSURE TANK, SUCH AS AN OXYGEN TANK, IS BY USING A HANDCART
A TECHNICIAN MAY REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF WASTE GASES BY USING CUFFED ENDOTRACHEAL TUBES, ENSURING THAT THE ANESTHETIC MACHINE HAS BEEN TESTED FOR LEAKS, USING AN INJECTABLE AGENT RATHER THAN A MASK OR CHAMBER
IN UNITS ARE WASTE ANESTHETIC GAS LEVELS MEASURED PARTS PER MILLION (PPM)
WHAT IS A SOURCE OF WASTE ANESTHETIC GASES EXHALED BY THE PATIENT DURING RECOVERY
WHAT IS NOT A POTENTIAL LONG-TERM SIDE EFFECT OF WASTE GAS EXPOSURE THYROID CANCER
WHAT IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE STRATEGY AT REDUCING WASTE GAS EXPOSURE UTILIZE A SCAVENGING SYSTEM
WHAT INHALANT ANESTHETIC IS LEAST LIKELY TO CAUSE LONG-TERM SIDE EFFECT ISOFLURANE
WHAT HOSPITAL AREAS CONTAIN THE LARGEST CONCENTRATION OF WASTE GAS RECOVERY ROOM, SURGICAL SUITE, SURGICAL PREP ROOM
YOU ARE ABOUT TO USE THE ANESTHETIC MACHINE AND NOTICE THAT ALTHOUGH THE FLOW METER IS WORKING, THE PRESSURE GAUGE ON THE OXYGEN TANK READS CLOSE TO ZERO. THE BEST THING TO DO CHANGE THE OXYGEN TANK
WHILE MONITORING A PATIENT UNDER ANESTHESIA ON A NON-REBREATHING CIRCUIT YOU REALIZE THAT THE OXYGEN TANK HAS BECOME EMPTY. THE BEST THING TO DO WOULD BE TO DISCONNECT THE PATIENT FROM THE CIRCUIT, PUT ON A NEW OXYGEN TANK, AND THEN RECONNECT THE PATIENT OT THE CIRCUIT
IF THE POP-OFF VALVE IS INADVERTENTLY SHUT, IT WILL CAUSE A SIGNIFICANT RISE OF PRESSURE WITHIN THE CIRCUIT
A GERIATRIC PATIENT IS CONSIDERED TO BE ONE THAT HAS REACHED 75% OF ITS LIFE EXPECTANCY
YOU HAVE A PATIENT UNDER ANESTHESIA AND YOU SUSPECT THAT THE ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE IS BLOCKED. HOW DO YOU CHECK BAG THE PATIENT AND SEE IF THEIR CHEST RISES
WHAT STRATEGY CAN BE USED TO DECREASE THE ANESTHETIC RISK FOR A GERIATRIC PATIENT DECREASE THE IV FLUID RATE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE REGARDING ANESTHETIZING PEDIATRIC PATIENTS HAVE A TENDENCY TO DEVELOP HYPOGLYCEMIA, ANESTHETIC DRUGS SHOULD BE CALCULATED AT LOWER DOSAGES, DEXTROSE CAN BE ADDED TO IV FLUIDS TO DECREASE THE ANESTHETIC RISK; ALL ARE TRUE
WHY SHOULD BRACHYCEPALICS BE PRE-OXYGENATED PRIOR TO INDUCING ANESTHESIA IT PROVIDES A RESERVE OF PURE OXYGEN FOR THEM TO DRAW FROM DURING INDUCTION
WHY ARE OBESE PATIENTS AT AN INCREASED RISK UNDER ANESTHESIA THEY HAVE A DIFFICULT TIME FULLY EXPANDING THEIR LUNGS, IT IS DIFFICULT TO ACCURATELY DOES ANESTHETIC DRUGS, ANESTHETICS POORLY DISTRIBUTE IN OBESE PATIENTS
WHAT PATIENTS HAVE THE HIGHEST RISK OF VOMITING OR REGURGITATING WHILE ANESTHETIZED PREGNANT DAMS
HOW LONG AFTER IMPACT ARE PATIENTS WHO HAVE BEEN HIT BY CAR AT RISK FOR POTENTIALLY FATAL CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS 72 HOURS
WHAT IS A SIGN OF FLUID OVERLOAD INCREASED RESPIRATORY RATE
WHAT CONDITIONS MAKE PATIENTS MOST SUSCEPTIBLE TO FLUID OVERLOAD CARDIAC DISEASE
WHAT IS AN INDICATION FOR AN ENTEROTOMY INTESTINAL FOREIGN BODY
WHAT BONE FRACTURE FIXATION TECHNIQUES CARRY THE HIGHEST RISK OF INFECTION EXTERNAL SKELETAL FIXATOR
IDIOPATHIC PAIN IS DEFINED AS PAIN THAT IS OF UNKNOWN CAUSE
PATHOLOGIC PAIN IS DEFINED AS PAIN THAT IS CAUSED BY TISSUE INJJURY
AN OVARIOHYSTERECTOMY WHICH INVOLVES SURGICALLY INCISING THE SKIN AND ABDOMINAL WALL AND EXCISING THE UTERUS AND OVARIES HAS THE FOLLOWING COMPONENTS OF PAIN BOTH SOMATIC AND VISCERAL PAIN
THE PROCESS BY WHICH THERMAL, MECHANICAL, OR CHEMICAL NOXIOUS STIMULI ARE CONVERTED INTO ELECTRICAL SIGNALS CALLED ACTION POTENTIAL IS TRANSDUCTION
IN THE SPINAL CORD, PAIN IMPLUSES CAN BE ALTERED BY NEURONS THAT EITHER SUPPRESS OR AMPLIFY NERVE IMPULSES. THIS PROCESS IS KNOWN AS MODULATION
WHERE IN THE PAIN PATHWAY DOES SECONDARY SENSITIZATION (WINDUP) OCCUR SPINAL CORD
T/F THE DOES OF EACH DRUG IS DECREASED WHEN SEVERAL DRUGS ARE USED TRUE
WHAT EFFECT DOES PAIN/TREATING PAIN HAVE ON WOUND HEALING TREATING PAIN IMPROVES WOUND HEALING
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A CONSEQUENCE OF UNTREATED PAIN DECREASED ANESTHETIC RISK
AN ANIMAL THAT IS ENDURING PAIN IS SUFFERING
HOW DO WE PREVENT WINDUP IN ANIMALS ADDING AN ANALGESIC TO THE PREMEDICATION PRIOR TO SURGERY
T/F REGARDING BEHAVIORAL RESPONSES TO PAIN; VARY DEPENDING ON SPECIES, BREED, AGE, TEMPERMENT, PRESENCE OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS; CATS TEND TO HIDE, DOGS TEND TO SEEK OWNER ATTETNION TRUE
WHEN IN THE PERIOPERTATIVE PERIOD IS ANALGESIA NEEEDED PREANESTHETIC PERIOD, SURGICAL PERIOD, POSTOPERATIVE PERIOD (IMMEDIATE AND AT HOME)
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF ANALGESICS ALSO PROVIDE ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTION, HAVE THE RISK OF CAUSING GI ULCERS, AND ARE CONVENIENT TO SEND HOME WITH OWNERS NSAIDS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF ANALGESICS ALSO PROVIDE SOME SEDATION, VARY IN POTENCY FOR TREATING MILD TO SEVERE PAIN AND ARE CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES OPIOIDS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF ANALGESICS ARE USED AS AN ADJUNCT TO MORE POTENT ANALGESICS (USUALLY IN COMBO AS CRI) PREVENTS WINDUP, BUT CAN CAUSE TACHYCARDIA KETAMINE
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF ANALGESICS ARE USED IN HORSES MORE THAN SMALL ANIMALS, ARE POTENT SEDATIVES, AND REVERSIBLE ALPHA 2 AGONISTS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF ANALGESICS CANNOT BE USED CONCURRENTLY WITH NSAIDS CORTICOSTEROIDS
WHAT IS TRUE REGARDING TO TRANQULIZERS POTENTIATE THE EFFECTS OF OPIOIDS IN ANXIOUS PATIENTS
GOOD NURSING CARE RELIEVES PAIN BY PROVIDING PATIENT COMFORT. WHAT IS EXAMPLES OF GOOD NURSING CARE KEEPING THE PTS CAGE CLEAN AND DRY, MAKING SURE THE PT SURROUNDINGS ARE QUIET, SUPPLY A TOY OR BLANKET FROM HOME
WHAT SHOULD YOU DO AFTER ADMINISTERING AN IM INJECTION OF PREMEDICATION PLACE THE PATIENT IN A DARK, QUIET CAGE WHERE YOU CAN CONSTANTLY OBSERVE THEM
WHICH TYPE OF ANESTHETIC INDUCTION IS MOST DANGEROUS CHAMBER INDUCTION
WHICH TYPE OF ANESTHETIC INDUCTION ALLOWS THE ANESTHETIST TO CONTROL BOTH INCREASES AND DECREASES IN DEPTH INHALANT INDUCTION
WHICH ANIMALS SHOULD NOT BE INDUCED THROUGH A MASK INDUCTION EXCITABLE OR ANXIOUS PATIENTS, BRACHYCEPHALIC PATIENTS, VOMITING PATIENTS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF ANESTHETIC INDUCTION REQUIRES SKILLFUL RESTRAINT OF THE PATIENT MASK INDUCTION
WHAT IS A COMPLICATION OF INTUBATION TRACHEAL RUPTURE-> OVERZEALOUS INTUBATION
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING SHOULD YOU DO IF YOUR PATIENT IS SIGNIFICANTLY TOO DEEP UNDER ANESTHESIA TURN OFF VAPORIZER
WHAT SHOULD YOU DO BEFORE RE-POSITIONING A PATIENT102 DISCONNECT THE ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE FORM THE ANESTHETIC MACHINE
T/F PHYSIOLOGIC PARAMETERS SHOULD BE MONITORED EVERY 5 MIN UNTIL ALL RETURN TO NORMAL TRUE
IN GATHERING A PATIENT HISTORY, WHAT WOULD BE THE BEST WAY TO FRAME A QUESTION ABOUT A PATIENTS EXERCISE LEVEL HOW MANY TIMES A WEEK DOES YOUR PET GO FOR A WALK OR EXERCISE
YOU ARE EVALUATING A PATIENTS LEVEL OF CONSCIOUSNESS AND FIND THE PATIENT IN A SLEEPLIKE STATE, NONRESPONSIVE TO A VERBAL STIMULUS BUT AROUSABLE BY A PAINFUL STIMULUS. THIS PATIENT IS STUPOROUS
HOW LONG SHOULD SMALL ANIMALS BE FASTED PRIOR TO SURGERY 12 HOURS
PATIENTS THAT ARE VERY YOUNG OR SMALL SHOULD BE FASTED NOT AS LONG AS OTHER ANIMALS
USING THE ASA PHYSICAL STATUS CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM, A PATIENT THAT IS MODERATELY ANEMIC PR MODERATELY DEHYDRATED WOULD BE CLASSIFIED AS CLASS P3
WHAT PHYSICAL EXAM FINDING IS ALWAYS AN EMERGENCY TEMP > 102.5
WHAT SPECIES OR BREED MUST BE WATCHED ESPECIALLY CLOSELY DURING ANY ANESTHETIC PROCEDURE TO ENSURE A PATENT AIRWAY BRACHIOCEPHALIC BREED
WHICH IS THE MOST COMMON REASON THAT VET STAFF ARE SUED LACK OF COMMUNICATION
WHAT IS A COMMON ADVERSE EFFECT OF THE USE OF INDUCTION AGENTS TACHYCARDIA, HYPOTENSION, APNEA
WHAT INFORMATION IS INCLUDED IN A PATIENTS SIGNALMENT AGE, GENDER, BREED, CAUTIONS, PREVIOUS SURGERIES
THE MINIMUM PATIENT DATABASE FOR A YOUNG HEALTHY CAT HAVING ELECTIVE SURGERY WOULD INCLUDE WHICH DIAGNOSTIC TESTS PCV/TP, BUN, ALT, BLOOD GLUCOSE
WHAT IS A SAFE TECHNIQUE FOR PREVENTING HYPOTHERMIA IN SMALL ANIMAL SURGICAL PATIENTS CIRCULATING HOT WATER BLANKET
WHAT ARE THE TWO MOST IMPORTANT PRACTICES USED TO PREVENT SURGICAL INFECTION STERILE AND SEPTIC TECHNIQUE
STRIKE THROUGH RENDERS SURGICAL DRAPES ASEPTIC
ONLY SCRUBBED IN (STERILE) PERSONNEL SHOULD REACH OVER A STERILE FIELD
WHAT POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS INVOLVE PREMATURE SUTURE LOSS AND SURGICAL SITE OPENING DEHISCENCE
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF PRESOAKING SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS TO PREVENT BLOOD AND OTHER SURGICAL DEBRIS FROM DRYING ON THE INSTRUMENTS
WHAT IS THE SURGICAL ASSISTANT RESPONSIBLE FOR MONITORING THE PATIENT, MAINTAINING STERILITY, MAINTAINING HEMOSTASIS
T/F THE HANDS MUST REMAIN INSIDE THE GOWNS CUFFS UNTIL GLOVES ARE ON TRUE
T/F IF UNSCRUBBED PERSONNEL ENTER OR TOUCH THE STERILE FIELD, IT IS NO LONGER CONSIDERED STERILE T
T/F THE SPACE ABOVE AND SURROUNDING AN OPEN STERILE PACK IS CONSIDERED PART OF THE STERILE FIELD T
T/F SCRUBS CAN BE WORN FOR SURGERY MORE THAN ONE DAY IN A ROW AS LONG AS NO BLOOD IS ON THEM FALSE
T/F FINGERNAIL POLISH PROTECTS THE NAILS AGAINST MICROBIAL GROWTH FALSE
T/F CONSENT FORMS FOR SURGERY/ANESTHESIA ARE LEGALLY REQUIRED TRUE
T/F CAPS AND MASKS ARE PUT ON AFTER SCRUBBING GOWNING AND GLOVING FALSE
T/F A PATIENT WHO IS UNDERWEIGHT WILL APPEAR MORE DEHYDRATED THAN THEY ACTUALLY ARE TRUE
T/F NECKLACES CAN BE WORN WHEN SCRUBBING IN FOR SURGERY FALSE
WHEN THEY OXYGEN TANK IS FULL, THE TANK PRESSURE GAUGE WILL READ APPROXIMATELY 2200PSI
AT WHICH OXYGEN TANK PRESSURE SHOULD THE TANK BE REPLACED 500PSI
THE AMOUNT OF OXYGEN AN ANIMAL IS RECEIVING IS INDICATED BY THE FLOW METER
THE UNIDIRECTIONAL VALVES ON AN ANESTHETIC MACHINE HELP CONTROL THE DIRECTION OF MOVEMENT OF GASES
THE POP OFF VALVE IS PART OF THE ANESTHETIC MACHINE AND HELPS PREVENT GAS PRESSURE FROM BUILDING UP WITHIN THE BREATHING CIRCUIT
WHEN SHOULD THE POP OFF VALVE BE CLOSED WHEN GIVING THE PATIENT A BREATH
HYPOTENSION CAN BE CAUSED BY CARDIAC INSUFFICIENCY
WHICH REFLEX SIGNIFICANTLY DIMINISHES OR IS ABSENT WHEN THE PATIENT ENTERS THE SURGICAL PLANE OF ANESTHESIA PALPEBRAL
WHICH MONITORING DEVICE MEASURES EXHALED CO2 LEVELS CAPNOMETER
TO ENSURE THE MOST ACCURATE BLOOD PRESSURE READING, THE CUFF SHOULD BE WHAT PERCENTAGE OF THE LIMB 40%
WHEN A DOG IS IN THE SURGICAL PLANE OF ANESTHESIA (MEDIUM ANESTHETIC DEPTH) WHICH POSITION WILL THE EYES BE VENTRAL
WHAT WAYS ALLOW MONITORING OF RESPIRATIONS WATCHING THE RESERVOIR BAG, WATCHING THE ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE FOG, AUSCULTATION OF THE CHEST
IF THE PATIENT IS APNEIC WHAT SHOULD YOU DO TURN THE INHALANT GAS DOWN
IN SMALL ANIMAL ANESTHESIA, WHEN THE PATIENT IS BAGGED THE PRESSURE MANOMETER READING SHOULD NOT EXCEED 20 CM H20
HOW CAN YOU TELL WHEN THE GRANULES IN THE CARBON DIOXIDE ABSORBER HAVE BEEN DEPLETED GRANULES WILL BE BRITTLE, CHANGE COLOR, GRANULES MAY BE HARD
A PATIENT WEIGHING 6.5 POUNDS SHOULD USE WHICH BREATHING CIRCUIT NON-REBREATHING
A SCAVENGING SYSTEM IS GENERALLY ATTACHED TO THE POP OFF VALVE
A RESERVOIR BAG THAT IS NOT MOVING WELL MAY INDICATE THAT THE ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE IS NOT IN THE TRACHEA, THE ANIMAL HAS A DECREASED TIDAL VOLUME, THERE IS A LEAK AROUND THE ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE
WHEN A PATIENT IS ATTACHED TO THE ANESTHETIC MACHINE, THE POP OFF VALVE SHOULD ALWAYS BE OPEN
HOW FREQUENTLY SHOULD PHYSIOLOGIC PARAMETERS BE DURING A SURGERY EVERY 5 MIN
WHAT CONTRIBUTES TO HYPOTHERMIA IN THE ANESTHETIZED PATIENT ANESTHETIC-INDUCED MUSCLE RELAXATION, THE SURGICAL PREP USING WATER AND ALCOHOL, ADMINISTERING ROOM TEMPERATURE IV FLUIDS
WHAT IS A NORMAL SA02 FOR AN ANESTHETIZED PATIENT >95%
WHAT MAY TACHYCARDIA INDICATE IN AN ANESTHETIZED PATIENT THE PATIENT IS TOO LIGHT
A JAW THAT HAS NO TONE INDICATES THAT THE PATIENT IS TOO DEEP
HOW SHOULD THE LENGTH OF THE ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE BE MEASURED FOR A PATIENT TO THE THORACIC INLET
WHICH AREAS OF THE SCRUBBED IN PERSONNELS GOWN ARE PART OF THE STERILE FEILD FRONT FROM CHEST TO TABLE
WHAT CANNOT BE WORN BY THE SURGICAL ASSISTANT SANDALS, JEWELRY, NAIL POLISH,
HOW LONG SHOULD CATS AND DOGS BE FASTED PRIOR TO SURGERY 12 HOURS
A DRUG INDUCED STATE OF CALM IN WHICH THE PATIENT IS RELUCTANT TO MOVE AND IS AWARE OF BUT UNCONCERNED ABOUT ITS SURROUNDINGS TRANQUILIZATION
THE TERM BALANCED ANESTHESIA REFERS TO ADMINISTRATION OF MULTIPLE DRUGS CONCURRENTLY IN SMALLER QUANTITIES THAN WOULD BE REQUIRED IF EACH WERE GIVEN ALONE
T/F ANESTHETIC AGENTS HAVE WIDE THERAPEUTIC INDICES FALSE
ANESTHETIC ACCIDENTS MAY RESULT IN PERMANENT DISEASE OR DYSFUNCTION FOR THE PATIENT, DEATH OF PATIENT, LEGAL ACTION AGAINST THE VET STAFF
WHEN THE OXYGEN TANK IS HALF FULL WHAT IS THE PSI 1100PSI
IN ADDITION TO DELIVERING INHALATION TO A SURGICAL PATIENT, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE OTHER PURPOSSE OF THE ANESTHESIA MACHINE REMOVE RESPIRATORY WASTE PRODUCTS
WHAT PART OF THE ANESTHESIA MACHINE IS MOST LIKELY TO ENABLE QUICK INFUSION OF OXYGEN INTO THE BREATHING CIRCUIT OXYGEN FLUSH VALVE
FLOW METERS THAT HAVE A BALL FOR READING THE GAUGE SHOULD BE READ FROM THE MIDDLE OF THE BALL
THE POP OFF VALVE IS PART OF THE ANESTHETIC MACHINE AND HELPS PREVENT GAS PRESSURE FROM BUILDING UP WITHIN THE BREATHING CIRCUIT
IN SMALL ANIMAL ANESTHESIA WHEN THE PATIENT IS BAGGED THE PRESSURE MANOMETER READING SHOULD NOT EXCEED 20 CM H20
DURING SURGERY ON A 12 YR OLD LAB THE TECH DETERMINES THAT INADEQUATE TISSUE PERFUSION IS OCCURING. WHAT ORGAN IS THIS DOG MOST AT RISK OF DAMAGE FROM THIS CONDITION KIDNEY
YOU ARE MONITORING A DOG UNDER ANESTHESIA AND NOTICE THAT THE EYES ARE IN A VENTRAL POSITION. WHICH STAGE +/- PLANE OF ANESTHESIA IS THIS DOG IN STAGE 3/ PLANE 2
WHICH REFLEX SIGNIFICANTLY DIMINISHES OR IS ABSENT WHEN THE PATIENT ENTERS THE SURGICAL PLANE OF ANESTHESIA PALPEBRAL
A 5 YR OLD DOG IS UNDERGOING SX. A FEW MIN IN THE TECH NOTICES A PULSE DEFICITS. WHAT IS THE MOST LIKELY RESULT OF THIS CONDITION IF IT IS NOT TREATED QUICKLY SHOCK
WHEN A DOG IS TOO DEEP UNDER ANESTHESIA WHICH POSITION WILL THE EYES BE IN CENTRAL
A PATIENT THAT IS UNCONSCIOUS BUT RESPONDS TO SURGERY WITH MOVEMENT IS IN WHICH STAGE +/- PLANE OF ANESTHESIA STAGE 3/PLANE 1
IF THE PATIENT IS APNEIC WHAT SHOULD YOU DO TURN THE INHALANT GAS DOWN
WHAT MAY TACHYCARDIA INDICATE IN AN ANESTHETIZED PATIENT THE PATIENT IS TOO LIGHT
A JAW THAT HAS GOOD TONE (IS SNAPPING BACK)INDICATED THAT THE PATIENT IS TOO LIGHT
YOU ARE ANESTHETIZING A PATIENT AND THE PATIENT IS LOSING CONCIOUSNESS BUT IS VOCALIZING AND STRUGGLING. WHAT STAGE +/-PLANE OF ANESTHESIA IS THE PATIENT IN STAGE 2
WHAT IS TRUE WHEN SIZING AN ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE FOR A BRACHYCEPHALIC PATIENT SELECT A TUBE THAT IS 1-2 SIZES SMALLER THAN MEASURED
WHAT IS AN INDICATION THAT THE ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE IS IN TOO FAR THE PATIENT WILL BREATHE WITH AN ABDOMINAL PRESS
OVER INFLATION OF THE ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE CUFF WILL RESULT IN TRACHEAL NECROSIS
A PATIENT THAT IS UNDER ANESTHESIA HAS JERKY ABDOMINAL RESPIRATIONS, LOOSE JAW TONE, IS BRADYCARDIAC, AND HAS A PROLONGED CRT THIS PATIENT IS IN WHICH STAGE +/- PLANE OF ANESTHESIA STAGE 3 PLANE 4
LARGE OXYGEN TANKS SHOULD BE STORED CHAINED TO THE WALL
WHAT PART OF THE ANESTHETIC MACHINE DOES NOT NEED TO BE CHECKED PRIOR TO AN ANESTHETIC PROCEDURE THE OXYGEN FLUSH VALVE
WHAT SHOULD YOU DO IF A PATIENT IS BREATHING RAPIDLY UNDER ANESTHESIA TURN UP THE INHALANT GAS
WHAT IS THE FIRST THING YOU SHOULD DO IF YOUR OXYGEN SATURATION READING IS LOW CHECK YOUR EQUIPMENT
WHAT SHOULD YOU NOT DO IF YOUR PATIENT IS BRADYCARDIAC TURN UP THE INHALANT GAS
WHAT IS A POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATION THAT INVOLVES PREMATURE SUTURE LOSS AND SURGICAL SITE OPENING DEHISCENCE
A DOG IS BROUGHT INTO THE CLINIC FOR DEBRIDEMENT OF AN INFECTED SCRATCH. WHAT AREA OF THE CLINIC IS IT MOST APPROPRIATE TO TREAT THE DOGS WOUND PREP
THE AUTO CLAVE SHOULD BE IN WHAT ROOM SCRUB
WHAT IS A NONMOVABLE PIECE OF EQUIPMENT IN A SURGERY ROOM OVERHEAD LIGHTS
AFTER SURGERY THE TECH TURNS THE ANESTHESIA OFF. WHAT IS THE NEXT APPROPRIATE STEP LEAVE THE DOG ON OXYGEN FOR 5 MIN
IT IS MOST APPROPRIATE FOR THE VET TECH TO DELAY EXTUBATION AFTER SURGERY ON WHICH ANIMAL UNTIL THEY CAN LIFT THE HEAD BY THEMSELF PEKINESE
THE TIME OF ANESTHETIC PERIOD DURING WHICH THE PATIENT IS MOST LIKELY TO DIE IS INDUCTION AND RECOVERY
THE POSTANESTHESIA PATIENT IS MOST LIKELY TO BE CONSIDERED RECOVERED WHEN WHAT OCCURS THE ANIMALS PHYSIOLOGIC PARAMETERES RETURN TO NORMAL
A 7 YR OLD CAT IS IN THE RECOVERY CAGE AFTER SURGERY AND IS THRASHING ABOUT, CRYING AND PADDLING ALL FOUR LIMBS. WHAT IS THE MOST LIKELY EXPLANATION OF THIS FINDING EMERGENCE DELIRIUM
WHAT ANIMAL SHOULD BE GIVEN REDUCED CONCENTRATIONS OF ANESTHETIC AGENTS DURING SURGERY NEONATES, SIGHT HOUND, PATIENTS WITH LIVER OR KIDNEY DISEASE
A NEW VET TECH IS INSTRUCTED TO ENGAGE IN TERMINAL CLEANING. WHAT DOES THIS MEAN STAY TO THE END OF THE SURGERY DAY TO CLEAN THE SURGERY AND PREP ROOMS AND ALL EQUIPMENT
WHAT SHOULD NEVER BE USED TO CLEAN THE SURGERY ROOM DRY DUSTING
WHAT IS MOST LIKELY TO DEACTIVATE THE EFFECTS OF A CHLORINE BASED DISINFECTANT FECAL MATTER
WHAT IS A SIGN OF DISEASE IN A CLAM K9 WOULD BE MOST SIGNIFICANT IN TERMS OF THE POTENTIAL TO INCREASE THE RISK OF ANESTHESIA INCREASED RESPIRATORY EFFORT
IF A VET TECH NOTICES HEMORRHAGE FROM A SURGICAL INCISION, WHAT SHOULD SHE DO APPLY DIRECT PRESSURE FOR 5-10 MIN
A CAT WAS SPAYED 3 DAYS AGO. SHE PRESENTS TO THE CLINIC FOR SOFT, NON PAINFUL SWELLING AROUND THE INCISION. THE SWELLING IS DIAGNOSED AS A SEROMA. WHAT SHOULD YOU DO USE WARM COMPRESSES
IF A PATIENT EXPERIENCES EMERGENCE DELIRIUM. WHAT IS THE MOST APPROPRIATE TREATMENT HOLD THE PATIENT, TALK QUIETLY TO THEM, ASK VET TO ADMINISTER A TRANQUILIZER
SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS ARE DIPPED IN INSTRUMENT MILK FOR WHICH PURPOSE LUBRICATION
WHICH DRUGS SHOULD NOT BE MIXED WITH ANY OTHER DRUGS EXCEPT FOR KETAMINE DIAZEPAM
THE BODY SYSTEM BEING TARGETED BY ANESTHETIC AGENTS IS THE BRAIN
T/F ANESTHETICS PROVIDE ANALGESIA FALSE
PREANESTHETIC MEDICATIONS ARE ADMINISTERED FOR WHICH PURPOSES SEDATION OR TO CALM EXCITED ANIMALS, ANALGESIA AND MUSCLE RELAXATION, MAKE INDUCTION AND RECOVERY SMOOTHER
WHAT IS NOT AN APPROPRIATE ROUTE OF ADMINISTRATION FOR PREANESTHETIC AGENTS PO
WHAT IS THE PRIMARY EFFECT OF ANTICHOLINERGICS, SUCH AS ATROPINE AND GLYCOPYRROLATE INCREASED SALIVATION, INCREASED HEART RATE, INCREASED RESPIRATORY RATE
WHAT DRUG PROVIDES ANALGESIA DEXMEDETOMIDINE
WHAT PREANESTHETIC DRUG CAN CAUSE HYPOTENSION AND REDUCTION OF THE SEIZURE THRESHOLD ACEPROMAZINE
WHICH PREANESTHETIC DRUG IS SAFE FOR HIGH RISK AND GERIATRIC ANIMALS DIAZEPAM
DURING ANESTHETIC PERIOD, ANTIBIOTICS SHOULD NOT BE NEEDED IF STERILE AND ASEPTIC TECHNIQUE ARE MAINTAINED
WHAT IS A SIDE EFFECT OF PROPOFOL APNEA
WHICH INDUCTION AGENTS CAUSE HYPERSENSITIVITY TO LIGHT, SOUND, AND TOUCH DISSOCIATIVES
WHAT INHALANT ANESTHETIC IS APPROPRIATE FOR MASK INDUCTIONS SEVOFLURANE
WHICH STAGE OF ANESTHESIA SHOULD A SMOOTH INDUCTION BYPASS STAGE 2
WHAT CAN KILL A CAT DURING ANESTHESIA LARYNGOSPAMS FROM IMPROPER INTUBATION TECHNIQUE, LEAVING THE POP OFF VALVE ON THE ANESTHETIC MACHINE CLOSED,
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CHARACTERISTICS WILL A MALE FELINE PENIS DISPLAY WHEN THE PATIENT IS INTACT BARBS
ATRAUMATIC SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS CAUSE LITTLE DAMAGE TO TISSUE
SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS "BOX LOCKS" ABSORB THE GREATEST STRESS DURING USE
THE PART OF THE SURGICAL INSTRUMENT THAT DETERMINES THE LENGTH OF THE INSTRUMENT IS THE SHANK
THE PART OF RING HANDLED SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS THAT LOCKS THE JAW CLOSED IS THE RATCHET
THE RINGS OF RING-HANDLED SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS SHOULD BE HELD WITH WHICH TWO FINGERS THUMB AND RING FINGER
OPERATING SCISSORS ARE USED FOR WHAT PURPOSE TO CUT INANIMATE OBJECTS
METZENBAUM SCISSORS HAVE LONGER BLADES THAN MOST OTHER SURGICAL SCISSORS, ARE USED TO CUT DELICATE TISSUE ONLY, HAVE THIN BLADES.
YOU ARE ASSISTING A SURGEON WHO IS CUTTING THROUHG THE GASTROCNEMIUS MUSCLE AND ASKS YOU TO PASS THE APPROPRIATE SCISSORS. WHAT SCISSORS DO YOU PASS OPERATING SCISSORS
YOU ARE MAKING A SURGICAL PACK AND GRAB A PAIR OF HEMOSTATS WITH HORIZONTAL SERRATIONS ON THE JAW THAT EXTEND ONLY HALFWAY FROM THE TIP/ THESE HEMOSTATS ARE KELLY HEMOSTATS
WHILE ASSISTING IN SURGERY THE SURGEON ASKS YOU TO CLAMP A SMALL BLEEDING VESSEL IN THE SKIN. WHICH INSTRUMENT DO YOU REACH FOR HALSTEAD MOSQUITO HEMOSTAT
YOU ARE ORDERING SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS TO MAKE NEW SURGICAL PACKS FOR ROUTINE SPAYS AND NEUTERS. THE VET ASKS YOU TO INCLUDE NEEDLE HOLDERS IN THE PACK THAT HAVE SCISSORS BUILT INTO THE INSTRUMENT TO SAVE ON TIME WHEN SUTURING OLSON-HEGAR
WHY ARE NEEDLE HOLDERS THE ONLY SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS THAT SHOULD BE USED TO HOLD METAL IT IS UNSAFE TO USE OTHER INSTRUMENTS, IT WILL WEAR THE JAWS OF OTHER INSTRUMENTS, IT WILL PLACE TOO MUCH STRESS ON THE BOX LOCK OF OTHER INSTRUMENTS
WHICH SCALPEL BLADE IS USED FOR MOST SURGICAL PROCEDURES PERFORMED ON DOGS AND CATS 10
YOU ARE PREPARING THE PREP TABLE FOR A DECLAW PROCEDURE. WHAT BLADE SHOULD YOU SET OUT 12
HOW SHOULD THUMB FORCEPS BE HELD LIKE A PENCIL
WHAT RETRACOTORS REQUIRE MORE THAN ONE PERSON FOR PROPER USE SENN
YOU ARE ORDERING TOWEL CLAMPS FOR SURGICAL PACKS. THE VET ASKS YOU TO ORDER TOWEL CLAMPS THAT WILL PENETRATE THROUGH THE DRAPE AND INTO THE SKIN, AND ARE THE TYPE MOST COMMONLY USED. WHICH TYPE OF TOWEL CLAMPS DO YOU ORDER BACKHAUS
WHAT SHOULD BE AVOIDED WHEN PASSING INSTRUMENTS MISCOMMUNICATION, QUICK MOVEMENTS, NOT SECURELY GRABBING THE INSTRUMENT
WHAT METHOD SHOULD BE USED TO PLACE A SCAPEL BLADE ON A SCALPEL HANDLE NEEDLE HOLDER
HOW SHOULD YOU PASS A SCALPEL HANDLE WITH THE HANDLE FACING TOWARD THE SURGEON AND TEH CUTTING EDGE OF THE BLADE FACING AWAY FROM YOU
WHY IS GENTLE TISSUE HANDLING IMPORTANT TO AVOID CAUSING TRAUMA TO HEALTHY TISSUE, TO AVOID CAUSING COMPLICATIONS SUCH AS INCREASED HEMORRHAGE, DEHISCENCE, TO AVOID FURTHER COMPROMISING UNHEALTHY TISSUE
HOW ARE EXPOSED TISSUES KEPT MOIST BY DRIPPING STERILE SOLUTION ONTO THEM
WHAT SHOULD BE PERFORMED TO AID IN HEMOSTASIS APPLY FIRM, BUT NOT EXCESSIVE PRESSURE TO THE SITE OF HEMORRHAGE, PASS THE APPROPRIATE HEMOSTAT, BLOT THE BLOOD,
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO PERFORM AN INSTRUMENT AND SPONGE COUNT AT THE BEGINNING AND END OF THE SURGERY TO AVOID LEAVING INSTRUMENTS OR SPONGES INSIDE THE BODY
THE FIRST GROUND DRAPE PLACED FOR FOUR CORNER DRAPING IS ON WHICH SIDE OF THE PATIENT THE SIDE CLOSEST TO THE PERSON DRAPING
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE PHENOMENON THAT OCCURES WHEN NEURONS IN THE SPINAL CORD BECOME HYPERSENSITIVE AND INTERPRET NON-PAINFUL STIMULI AS PAINFUL NOCICOPTION
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