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chapter 10 J. V.

THE NERVOUS SYSTEM

TermDefinition
acrophobia is an excessive fear of being in high places.
alzheirmers disease is a group of disorders invo;ving the parts of the brain that control thought memory and language.
amyotropic lateral sclerosis is a rapidly progressive neurological disease that attracks the nerve cells responsible for controlling voluntary muscles.
anesthetic is the medication used to induce anesthesia.
anesthetist is a medical profesional who specializes in administring anesthesia but is not a physican for example a nurse anesthetist
anxiety disorders are mental conditions characterized by ecessive, irrational dread of everyday sintuations, or fear that is out of proportion to the real danger in a situation.
autism also knows as AUTISTIC DISORDERS descrice a gruop of conditions in which a young child cannot develop normal social relationships compulsively follows repetive routines and frequently has poor communication skills.
bells plasy is the temporary paralysis of the seventh carnial nerve that causes paralysis only of the affected side of the face.
carotid ultrasonography is an ultasound study of the carotid artery.
causalgia is persistent, severe burning pain that usually follows an injury to a sensory nerve.
cerebral contusion is the bruising of brain tissue as the result of a head injury that causes the brain to bounce aganist the rigid bone of the skull.
celebral plasy is a condition characterized by poor muscle control, spasticity, speech defects and other neurologic deficiencies due to damage that affects the cerebrum.
cerebrovascular accident this condition is damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted because a blood vessel is either blocked or has ruptured.
cervical radiculophaty is nerve pain caused by pressure on the spinal nerve roots in the neck region.
claustrophobia is an abnormal fear or being in narrow or enclosed spaces.
cognition describes the mental activities associated with thiking learning and memory.
concussion is a violent shaking up or jarrin of the brain.
cranial hematoma is a collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the brain.
delirium is an acute condition of confusion, disirientation, disorderd thinking and memory, agitation and hallucinations
delirium treens is a disorder involving sudden and severe mental changes or seizures caused by abruptly stopping the use of alcohol
delusion is a false personal belief that is maintained despite obious proof or evidence to the contrary.
dementia is a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities including memory, thinking, and judgment that is often accompanied by personality changes.
dura mater is the think, tough outermost membrane of the meninges.
dyslexia also know as a DEVELOP MENTAL READING DISORDERS, is a learning disability characterized by substandard reading achievement due to the inability of the brain to process symbols.
echoencephalography is the use of ultrasound imaging to diagnose a shift sound
electroencephalography is the process of recording the electrical activity of the brain throuth the use of electrondes attached to the sclap.
encephalitis is a an inflamamation of the brain , can be caused by a viral infection such as rabies.
epidural anesthesia is a regional anesthesia produced by injecting a local anesthethic into the epidural space of the lumbar or sacral region of the spine.
epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures of varying severity.
factitious disorder is a condition in which an individual acts as if he or she has a physical or mental illness when he or she not really sick.
Guillain Barre Syndrome also knows INFECTIOUS POLYNEURITIS, is an inflammation of rapidly worening muscle weakness that can leadto temporary paralysis.
hallucination is a sensory perception.( sight, thoutch, sound, smell, or taste)experienced in the absense of an external stimulation.
hemorrhagic strock also knows as BLEED occurs when a blood vessels in the brain leaks
hydrocephalus is a condition in which excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the ventricles of the brain.
hyperesthesia is a condition of abnormal and excessive sensivity to touch, pain, or other sensory stimuli.
hypochondriasis is characterized by fearing that one has a serious illness despite appropriate medical evaluation and reassurance.
ischemic strock which is the most common type of stroke in older people, occurs when the flow of blood to the brain is blocked.
lethargy is a lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, drowsiness andapathy.
meningitis is an inflammation of the menges of the brain and spinal cord.
meningocele is the congetial herniation of the meninges through a defect in the skull or spinal columm.
migraine headache which can be preceded by a warning aura, is characterized by throbbing pain one one side of the head.
multiple sclerosis is a progressive autoimmune disorder characterized by inflammation that causes demmyelination of the myelin sheath.
myelitis is an inflammation of the spinal cord.
myelography is a radiographic study of the spinal cord after the injection of a contrast medium trouhg a lumbar puncture.
narcolepsy is a sleep disorder consisting of sudden and uncontrollable brief episodes of falling asleep during the day.
neurotransmitters are chimichal substances that make it possible for messages to cross from the synpse of a neron to the target receptor.
obsessive-complusive dosorder an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent and persistent thoughts and feelings and repetitive, ritualized behaviors...............!!!!!!
panic attack is characterized by a gruop of intestines emotional feelings that include apprehension, fearfulness and terror.
paresthesia refers to a burning or panickling sensation that is usually felt in the hands, arms, legs, or feet, but can also occur in other parts of the body.
parkinsons disease is a chronic degenerative centyral nervous disoerder characterized by fine muscle tremors, rigidits and slow or shufffling gaint.
peripheral neurophaty also knows as PERPHERAL NEURITIS is a disorder of the nerves that carry information to and from the brainand spinal cord.
posttraumatic stress disorder may develop after an event involving actual or the threatend death or injury to the individual or someone else, during which the person felt intense fear, helplessness, or horror.
reyes syndrome is a potentially serious or deadly disorder in childrenn that is characterized by vomiting and confunsion.
schizophrenia is a phychotic disorders usually characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of thiking, delusions, and hallucinations, and accompanied in varying degrees by other emotional, behavioral, or intellectual distrubances.
sciatica is inflammmation of the scitic nerve that results in pain, burning and tingling along the course of the affected sciatic nerve through the thing leg and the foot.
shaken baby syndrome describes the resultsof a child being violently shaken by someone.
syncope is the brief loss of consciousness caused by the decreased flow of blood to the brain
thrichotillomania is a disorder characterized by repeated pulling out of ones own hair.
trigeminal neuralgia is caractherized by severe lighning like pain due to an inflammation of the fifth cranial nerve.
caus/o- burn; burning
concuss/o- shaken together
encephal/o brain
esthet/o nervous sensation
klept/o to steal
mening/o meninges (membranes covering the spinal cord & brain)
myel/o spinal cord and bone marrow
neur/i Of or pertaining to nerves and the nervous system
neur/o nerve
phych/o thick
-esthesia nervous sensation
-graphy process of recording
-mania obsessive preoccupation
-phobia fear
-trophic nourishment; development (condition of)
-tropic turning
C0MA is a profound state of uncoscioosness markey by the absence of spontanceous eye movements no response to painful stimuli and the lack of speech.
Created by: 332335