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ANSC221 test1

Animal nutrition first 1/3 test

TermDefinition
Sugars The MOLECULES that the elements carbon, hydrogen and oxygen form in carbohydrates
Monosaccharide Single simple sugar
Disaccharide Two sugar molecules
Polysaccharide More than two sugars
Starch Primary digestible polysaccharide in plants, composed of repeating units of maltose (which in turn was repeating units of glucose), so it is all glucose. Composed of 2 parts.
Cellulose Composed of repeating units of cellobiose, therefore also composed of glucose (primarily). Contains BETA bonds; no animal can digest beta bonds. Beta bond -> structural rigidity, makes fibrous nature of cellulose different from starch.
Glycogen Polysacchride composed of highly branched chains of glucose which is stored in animal cells for a ready supply of energy
Glucose Most important sugar; monosaccharide; hexose; blood sugar
Ribose Pentose; monosaccharide
Fructose Monosaccharide; hexose; found both combined and free in nature; combined with glucose in table sugar; high in semen to support sperm
Galactose Monosaccharide; hexose; only found combined in nature, with glucose in milk
Maltose Disaccharide; 2 units of glucose with alpha bond
Mannose Monosaccharide; hexose; does not occur free in nature but occurs combined in polysaccharides
Cellobiose Disaccharide; 2 units of glucose with beta bond
Sucrose Disaccharide; composed of one unit of fructose and one unit of glucose; table sugar
Lactose Disaccharide; composed of one unit of glucose and one unit of galactose; milk sugar
3 major polysaccharides Starch, cellulose, glycogen
Amylose Composed of straight chains of glucose without lots of branching; form of starch
Amylopectin Composed of chains of glucose with lots of branching; form of starch
Acetic acid 2 carbons, 0 double bonds
Propionic acid 3 carbons, 0 double bonds
Butyric acid 4 carbons, 0 double bonds
Palmitic acid 16 carbons, 0 double bonds
Stearic acid 18 carbons, 0 double bonds
Oleic acid 18 carbons, 1 double bond
Linoleic acid 18 carbons, 2 double bonds
Linolenic acid 18 carbons, 3 double bonds
Arachidonic acid 20 carbons, 4 double bonds
Vitamin for milk fever Vit D
Vitamin interacts with selenium C
Vitamin contains cobalt B12
Vitamin: carotene, retinol, ergosterol, etc A
Vitamin acts like hormone D
Vitamin necessary to use Ca & P D
Difference between Vit D2 and D3 D2 - Plant, no chickens D3 - Animal tissues, all animals
Which vitamins are toxic ADEK
Vitamin from sunshine D
Vitamin - antioxidant E
Phyloquinone and menadione have which vitamin activity? K
Dicoumerol Anticoagulant functions as Vit K antagonist
Function for A Eyes
Function for B Prevent Beri Beri
Function for C Prevent scurvy
Function for D Prevent rickets
Function for E Reproduction
Function for K "Koagulation"
Vitamin involved in flavoproteins, transport of H B
Curled toe paralysis B12
Amino acid decarboxylation and deamination B6
Pellegra B3
Goose stepping in pigs B6
Requires intrinsic factor for absorption B12
Biotin is involved in..? Cell metabolism
Folic acid involved in..? Genetic material
Increase litter size in normal pigs A
Prevents spina bifida B
Macrominerals Ca, P, Mg, Na, Cl, K, S
Mineral necessary for normal bone Ca
Min necessary for blood clotting Ca
Min are cations control acid-base balance and osmotic balance Na, Cl, K
Min structural purposes Ca
Min for enzyme activators All
Min present as part of protein S
Min provided in salt Na
Min involved in grass tetany Mg
Min that is primary anion Cl
Calcium functions in body (4) Regulate nerve exitability Normal muscle action Blood clotting Bone and teeth
Created by: rdnckgal