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Cult. ANTH

Chapter 5

TermDefinition
socialization a process similar to enculturation that emphasizes social rather than cultural factors in learning ones culture
social birth social recognition of the transition to personhood
child-bearing practices methods used to take care of infants and young children, including ways of feeding, playing with, and carrying, as well as sleeping arrangements
gender identity the way that people think about themselves in terms of their sex, or how they present themselves as men or women
rites of passage rituals that mark culturally significant transitions throughout the life cycle, including birth, puberty, marriage and death
initiation rites rituals that mark a person's transition from childhood to adulthood
naturalization the process of learning and incorporating attitudes, values, and behaviors so that they seem natural or part of one's nature rather than learned cultural behavior
independent self concepts of individuals as self-contained, independent agents with a focus on their own thoughts, feelings and achievements
interdependent self concepts of individuals as connected to others, related to other people, with a focus on group needs rather than individual inner feelings, opinions and attitudes
omoiyari empathy with others
national character a constellation of behaviors and attitudes thought to be characteristic of a modal personality type prevalent in a particular country
cultural-specific psychological disorders psychological disorders that seem to occur with some frequency in certain cultures but are rare or absent in others
Created by: RyeLynn