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Urinary DZ

VT 245

QuestionAnswer
list five functions of the kidney filtration, create urine, regulate BP, stimulate RBC production, reabsorb minerals
what are three common causes of PU/PD? diabetes, infection, chronic renal failure
dz commonly causes urinary obstruction in male cats sterile cystits, caused from mucous plugs in males because of long urethra
four common signs of urinary obstruction pollakuria, stranguria, lethargy, hematuria
two common tx for urolithiasis surgery and diet change
do cats normally get stones? no, mucous pugs with minerals
crystal that resembles a coffin struvite
why are anorexia and vomiting a sign of chronic renal failure? the toxin build up makes them nauseous and can cause gastric ulcers
most common cause of cystitis in dogs bacterial cystitis (bacterial): localized, afebrile, PU/increased licking of genitals, usually in female because of shorter urethra
three causes of acute renal failure obstruction, toxins, hypovolemic shock from dehydration
most common neoplasm of the urinary bladder transitional cell carcinoma
what breed is commonly affected with polycystic kidney dz? PPPPPersian cats
inflammation of the renal cortex tissue nephritis
stone in the urinary system urolith
stone in the kidney renolith
stone in the ureter ureterolith
stone in the bladder cystolith
excess of urea or nitrogenous waste in blood azotemia
blood in the urine hematuria
bacteria in the urine bacturia
abnormal/painful urination dysuria
no urine production anuria
less than normal urine production oligourua
more than normal urine production polyuria
straining to urinate stranguria
increased frequency of urination pollakiuria
cystitis is common in cats and dogs yes
feline lower urinary tract disease sterile cystitis
when does sterile cystitis occur? stress, overweight indoor cats (males>females)
three signs of sterile cystitis hematuria, stranguria, inappropriate elimination
why is sterile cystitis so bad for males can progress to urinary obstruction EMERGENCY
this accounts for >90% of inflammatory diseases of the feline bladder sterile cystitis
acute obstruction of the urinary tract urinary obstruction
due to the narrow urethra, sigmoid flexure urinary obstruction EMERGENCY
four signs of urinary obstruction anorexia, vomiting, death within 48 hours, inappropriate urination
usually secondary to FLUTD/FIC/FUS urinary obstruction
three types of common urinary obstructions mucus plug, crystal plug, urethral spasm
male cat with stranguria or constipation should be checked for what bladder size
e. coli most common cause of this infectious cystitis
infectious cystits that spreads to the bloodstream hematogenous
infectious cystitis that spreads from external environment to urethra ascending
stones anywhere in the urinary tract urolithiasis
four types of uroliths struvite, calcium oxalate, ammonium urate, cystine
most common type of urolith in cats & female dogs struvite
urolith mostly found in male dogs calcium oxalate
urolith caused from hypercalcemia or abnormal urine protein calcium oxalate
dalmation urolith ammonium urate
inherited 98% males urolith cystine
four signs of animal with uroliths pollakiuria, dysuria, stranguria, hematuria
animals become azotemic renal failure
t or f, crf is irreversible and progressive t
four signs of crf dehydration, azotemia, preoteinuria, acidosis
inability to hold urine or control urine flow incontinence
nephritis is secondary to what ascending infectious cystitis
urinalysis will reveal cellular casts and tubular epithelial cells nephritis
result of glomuler damage - vessels are too leaky; wheaten terriers protein losing nephropathy
congenital ureter connects to urinary sphincter - dribbly pee ectopic ureter
Created by: eaks