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Quiz 4 VT 145

Nervous System & Respiratory System

QuestionAnswer
Drug used for Myasthenia gravis Pyridostigmine
Name three drugs used for long-term seizure control. Phenobarbital, Potassium Bromide, Zonisamide
Short-term anticonvulsant Diazepam (Valium)
Common drug used for a short-acting anesthetic & antiseizure Propofol
Osmotic diuretic Mannitol
Three common signs of head trauma Increased intracranial pressure, hemorrhage, hypoxia
What's something you can always give an animal in an emergency situation? Oxygen
Encephalitis can be caused via which five pathways? Viral, tick-borne, fungal, protozoa, parasites
Pugs are prone to this type of head trauma Pug encephalitis
Define a seizure: a physical manifestation resulting from abnormal electrical discharges in the brain
If seizures are idiopathic, they are known as: epileptic seizures
body can _______ during seizures cool down
hydrocephalus has fluid from where? cerebrospinal fluid
hydrocephalus causes what kind of blindness? cortical blindness
aka the old dog cns disease vestibular
nystagmus repetitive movement of eyes
tx for vestibular dz antinausea - meclizine/cerenia
three stages of rabies prodromal, furious, paralytic
disease of neuromuscular junction myasthenia gravis
type of pneumonia secondary to megaesophagus aspiration pneumonia
caused by PRAA, need to feed them meatballs megaesophagus
dachshund poster children for this intervertebral disc disease (ivdd)
myelogram adding contrast agent around the spinal cord
jelly donut disc ivdd
ischemic necrosis cell death due to vascular compromise
much like ivdd, but in larger, athletic dogs fibrocartilage embolism
piece of cartilage escapes into spinal blood stream fibrocartilage embolism
layman terms for cervical spondylomyelopathy wobbler's syndrome
affects Dobermans and great danes, mainly young dogs wobbler's syndrome
sterter snoring
stridor inspiratory wheeze
atelectasis collapsed lung
epistaxis nose bleed
stenotic nares nostrils are too small to allow airflow
hypoplastic trachea abnormally small trachea in brachycephalics
everted laryngeal saccules block airflow
four signs of brachycephalic syndrome stenotic nares, hypoplastic trachea, everted laryngeal saccules, elongated soft palate
brachycephalics are prone to? heat stroke
kennel cough infectious tracheobronchitis
paroxysmal coughing fit
infectious tracheobronchitis normally caused by bordetella
pneumonia definition infection of the lungs
two tx for pneumonia transtracheal wash, coupage
three tings to remember about tracheal collapse toys, underformed tracheal rings, GOOSE HONK
bronchial donuts feline asthma
tx for feline asthma terbutaline, aerokat
localized in nasal cavity of dogs, fungal infection, DESTROYS turbinates aspergillus fumigatus
sinuses most commonly affected by sinusitis frontal and maxillary
rare, gsd, proprioceptive deficits, degeneration of myelination of distal spinal cord degenerative myelopathy
can be from ear infections, trauma, ototoxic drugs, genetics, old age deafness
disease of nerves in the PNS peripheral neuropathy
old male labs - IAN. stridor, voice change, dyspnea laryngeal paralysis
ixodides American dog tick
flaccid, afebrile, ascending paralysis - temporary tick paralysis
coonhound paralysis, raccoon bite, flaccid paralysis polyradiculoneuritis
anything that causes disruption of sympathetic innervation of the face horner's syndrome
five signs of horner's syndrome unilateral miosis, ptosis, enophthalmos, anisocoria, 3rd eyelid protrusion
unilateral miosis constriction of pupil
ptosis drooping of upper eyelid
four pieces of lower respiratory tract trachea, bronchi, lungs, pleural cavity
four pieces of URT nasal cavity, sinuses, nasopharynx, larynx
asymmetrical nose, nasal discharge, dyspnea, sneezing nasal tumor
Created by: eaks