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Stack #1158654

VT 245

QuestionAnswer
ballottement diagnostic technique of hitting or tapping the wall of a fluid filled structure to bounce a solid structure against a wall; used for pregnancy diagnosis and determintion of abdominal contents
barium cntrast material used for radiographic studies. To evalutate the tract, barium sulfate may be given orally and the resulting test is called a barium swallow or upper GI or brium urlfate may be ginven rectally the resulting test i a barium enema or lower
enema in intro of fluid into the rectum
biopsy removal of tissue to examine
incisional type of biopsy where part of tissue is removed and examined
excisional type of biopsy where the entire tissue is removed
blood test determine of blood parameter used to detect some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. for example, bile acits are used to assess liver disease, and elevated amylase levels may indicate pancreatitis. postprandial or preprandial sample
preprandial before eating
postprandial after eating
colonoscopy endoscopic visual exam of the inner surface of the colon; scope is passed thru rectum
endoscope is a tube like instrument with lights and refracting mirrors that is used to exam the body or organs internally
esophagoscopy endoscopy visual exam of the esophagus
fecal ecamination various procedure used to detect parasitic
gastrocopy endoscopic visual exam of the inner surface of the scope is passed from the oral cavity
hemoccult test for hidden blood in the stool
radiography imaging of internal structure is created by the exposure of sensitized film to X Ray. gastro radio graphs used to determine foreign bodies, tousion organ distention or enlargementand some masses.
ultrasound imaging of internal body structure by recording echoes of sound waves.
achalasia inability to relax the smooth muscle of the gastrointestinal tract
adonitia absence of teeth
aerophagia swallowing of air
anal sacculitis inflamation of the sac around the anus
inspissation the process of rendering dry or thick by evaporation and is used to describe the anal sac fluid in animals with anal asacculitis
anorexia loss or lack of appetite
ascariasis parasitic infestation with roundworms of the genus ascaris
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
atresia occlusion or absence of normal body opening or tubular organ
bloat accumalation of gas in digestive tract. In mono-gastric in stomach in ruminants accumulation in rumen, abomasum or cecum
ruminal tympany accumulation of gas in the rumen
borborygmus gas movement in the gastrointestinal tract that produces a rumbling noise.
bruxism involuntary grinding of the teeth
cachexia general ill health and malnutrition; used to describe the condition of cancer patients
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
cirrhosis degenerative disease that disturbs the structure and fx of liver
colic severe abdominal pain
colitis inflammation of the colon
constipation condition of prolonged gastrointestinal transit time, mankin the stool hard dry and diffucult to past
coprophagia ingestion of fecal material
cribbing vice of equine in which an object is grasped between the teeth, air is inhaled
dehydration loss of fluid or water
dental calculus abnormal mineralized deposit that forms on teeth; tarter
dental caries cavities
diarrhea liquid fecal matter
displaced abomasum disease in ruminants where fourth stomach becomes trapped under rumen
diverticulitis inflammation of the pouch or pouches occuring in the wall of the organ
diverticulum pouch occuring on the wall of tubular organ
dyschezia diffucult in defecating
dysentary number of disorders marked by inflamation of the intestine, abdominal pain and diarrhea
dysphagia diffucult in swallowing or eating
emaciation marked wasting or excessive leaness
emesis forcible explusion of stomach thru mouth aka vomiting
enteritis inflammation of the small intestine
enterocolitis inflammation of the small and large intestine
epulis benign tumor arising from peridontal mucous membrane
eructation belching
esophageal reflux gerd stomach content in esophagus
eviscerate remove or expose internal organ
exocrine pancreatic insufficiency EPI metabolic disease where pancreas does not secreate enough digestive enzymes weightloss fatty stool
fecalith stone like fecal masses coprolith
flatulence gas; farting
gastric dilatation condition in deep chested canines in whic the stomach fill with air and expands
gastric dilation volvulus condition in deep chested canine where stomach fills with air expands and twist on itself
gastritis inflammation of stomach
gastroenteritis inflammation of stomach and small intestine
ginival hyperplasia overgrowth of the gingiva nonpainful
gingivitis inflammation of the gums
glossitis inflammation of the tongue
hematemesis vomiting blood
hematochezia passage of blood stool
hemoperituoneum blood in the peritoneum
hepatitis liver inflammation
hepatoma tumor of liver
hepatomengaly abnormal enlargement of liver
hiatal hernia protrusion of part of the stomach thru esophageal opening of diaphragm
hydrops adnormal accumulation of fluid in tissue or body cavity
hyperglycemia elavated blood sugar levels
hypoglycemia lower than normal blood sugar level
ileitis inflammation of the ileum
ileus stoppage of intestinal peristalsis
impaction obstruction of an area usually when feed is tor dry
inappetence lack of desire to eat
incontinence inability to control
inguinal hernia protrusion of bowel through the inguinal canal protrusion seen in grion
intussusception telescoping of one part of the intestine into an adjacent part
jaundice yellow discoloration
lethargy condition of drowiness
malbsorption imparedA uptake of nutrients
malocclusion abnormal contact betwwen the teeth
occlusion contact between chewing surface
megacolon abnormal large colon
megaesophagus abnormally large esophagus
melena black stool
nausea upset stomach from urge of vomiting
obstruction complete stopage of impairment to passage
intestinal obstruction describe location of obstruction
partial obstrction not complete obstruction
oronasal fistula abnormal opening between nasal and oral cavity
palatoschisis congenital fissure of the roof of mouth aka cleft palate
perforating ulcer erusion thru thickness of surface
periapical abcess inflammation of tissues and collection of pus surrounding tooth
periodontitis inflammation of tissue surrounding the teeth
pica eating or licking abnormal substances
plaque small differential area on a body surface
polydipsia excessive thirst or drinking
polyp small growth on a mucous membrance
polyogagia excessive eating or swallowing
prolapse protusion of viscera
quidding condition in which food is taken into the mouth abd chewed falls from mouth
regurgition return of swallowed food
salivary mucocele collection of saliva that leaks from damaged salivary glands
scours diarrhea in livestock
SHUNT bypass of divert
stenosis narrowing of opening
stomatitis inflammtion of mouth
tenesmus painful defication
torsion axial twist, twist around the acess of gut
trichobezoar hairball
ulcer erosion of tissue
volvulus twist on itself
abdominocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from abdomen
abomasopexy surgical fixation of the abomasum of ruminants
anastomosis surgical connection between two tubular structure
anoplasty surgical repair of anus
antidiarrheal prevents liquid stool
bolus round mass of food or large pharmceutical
cholecystectomy removal of gallbladder
colectomy surgical removal of colon
colonostomy surgical production of artifical opening between colon and body
colotomy surgical incision into the colon
crown restoration of teeth
drench to give medication in liquid form by forcing to drink
emetic producing vomiting
enterostomy surgery producing artificial opening between small intestine and abdominal wall
esophagoplasty surgical repair of esophagus
extraction removal
fistula abnormal passage from organ to the body
float instrument use to file eqine teeth
gastrectomy removal of all or part of stomach
gastroduodenostomy removal of stomach and duodenum
gastropexy surgical fix of stomach to abdominal wall
gastrostomy surgical prduction stomoch and abdominal wall
gastrotomy surgical incision into the stomach
gavage forced feeding or irrigation thru a tube passed into the stomach
gingivectomy surgical removal of the gum tissue
hepatotomy surgical incision into the liver
ileectomy surgical removal of ilium
ileostomy surgical opening between ileum and abdominal
laparotomy surgical incision into abdomen
nasogastric intubation place tube in nose into stomach
orogastric intubation tube from mouth to stomach
palatoplasty surgical repair of cleft palate
Created by: 1219056741