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VTNE Review W2

in surgery refers to the destruction of organisms before they enter the patient's body asepsis
to perforate or make an opening into fenestration
any abnormal passage within body tissue fistula
within the marrow cavity of a bone intramedullary
an incision into the abdominal wall laparotomy
application of a ligature or material such as wire or suture material, to tie off blood vessels to prevent bleeding or constrict tissue ligating
inflammation of the bone and cartilage that causes a piece of articulating cartilage to split off osteochondritis dessecans OCD
stem or stemlike structure pedicle
situated on the perineum perineal
external region between the vulva and anus in the female or between the scrotum and anus in the male perineum
step-locking device on surgical instruments ratchet
correction of a hernia, luxation, or fracture reduction
having a sawlike edge of border serrations
excision of the spleen splenectomy
type of suture material that is fused to the end of the needle swaged-on
extending from side to side or at right angles to the long axis transverse
creation of a permanent hold for the urethra in the perineum urethrostomy
internal organs enclosed within a cavity viscera
abomasum is fixed to the abdominal wall using a permanent suture abomasopexy
via a dorsal approach, the abomasum is attached to the ventral body wall with a toggle suture abomasopexy-toggle
absence of thirst or lack of desire to drink adipsia
lacking in tone atonic
instrument used for the administration of boluses to cattle, horses, sheep, and goats balling gun
a large, ready to be swallowed mass of medication. formed into an oblong tablet or gel bolus
the first three compartments of the camelid stomach C-1
emaciated, malnourished cachexia
incision into the abdominal cavity celiotomy
seizures characterized by the alternation of relaxation with jerking and flexing of muscles clonic convulsions
angled area at the most lateral portion of the mouth where the upper and lower lips meet commissure of the mouse
a young South American camelid cria
the posture of the camelid when it is laying down in sternal recumbency cushed
to give liquid meications by mouth drench
instrument for bloodless castration in cattle and sheep. crushes spermatic cord emasculatome
present in an animal community at all times endemic
surgical removal of the globe of the eye enucleation
nasal bleeding epistaxis
expelling of gas from the rumen via the oral cavity eructation
surgical removal of everything within the orbit of the eye, including globe, muscles, adipose tissue and lacrimal gland extirpation
loss of voluntary movement and decreased tone of limb muscles flaccid paralysis
infestation of fly larvae in the cutaneous tissues fly strike
in cattle, the test performed to detect reticuloperitonitis. grunt test
dilation of the pupil mydriasis
voluntary muscle inflammation myositis
right paralumbar approach in which the abomasum is sutured in place through the ventral body well seperate from but in addition to a basic omentopexy omentoabomasopexy
omentum is anchored to the abdominal wall; usually in case of right sided torsion of the abomasum omentopexy
involuntary posture in which the head and tail are bent upward and flexed over the back while the abdomen is bowed downward; indicator of medulla, pons, and midbrain disease opisthotonus
area in the flank bordered dorsally by the spinous processes of the lumbar vertebrae, cranially by the last rib, and caudally by the tuber coxae. paralumbar fossa
off midline paramedian
duration of a few hours, very acute peracute
small pinpoint round red spots. petechial hemorrhage
the top or point of the head pole
prevention of disease by treatment or vaccination prophylactic
injection of a local anesthesia in a circle around the circumference to facilitate closure of lacerations or to help in diagnoses of lameness ring block
surgical procedure for evacuation of the rumen. A left flank approach is used. indicated in removal of metallic foreign bodies, rumen overload, obstructions, impaction rumenotomy
cells of the body other than germ cells somatic cells
instrument used to facilitate the passage of an orogastric tube by protecting the tube from damage by animals teeth speculum (Frick)
duration of disease process that is between acute and chronic (1 week) subacute
disease process that is not detectable by physical examination. subclinical
condition in which localized spasmodic contraction of the muscle takes place. results from decreased levels of calcium tetany
reconstitution of the rumen flora through the use of cud transfer transfaunation
structure made up of the iris, ciliary body, and choroids uvea
animal husbandry technique in which animals are raised in confinement, on a dry lot, such as dairy cattle zero grazing
Created by: maiken



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