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AnS 101

Animal Science 101 at Iowa State University

All black pig with white belt Hampshire (swine)
Type of sheep that can breed out of season, single breed. Dorset
Sheep who's name means "pay me in many ways," composed of several different breeds including: Finnsheep, Targhee, Rambouillet, and Dorset. Developed in Idaho. Polypay
Hair sheep developed in South Africa for mutton use Dorper
What species has a market weight of 130-140 lbs.? Sheep
Black-faced sheep with white woolcap on forehead. Meat breed. Hampshire (sheep)
Fine wool breed developed from Merino. Heavily fleeced with white face. Rambouillet
High management needs as they are lambed indoors in the winter. Need to be individually handled. Bred in August and September, lamb in the winter. Most common breeds include: Hampshire and Suffolk. Black Face Program (farm flock)
Less management required as they lamb outdoors in April/May. Bred in October/November. Common breeds include: Polypays and Dorsets. White Face Program (range flock)
Red with white face, underpinning, and tail switch. Maternal. Hardy and adaptable, fast growing with good carcass quality. Hereford (beef cattle)
Scottish breed that is black all over. Maternal breed with a high quality carcass/marbling. Naturally polled. Angus (beef cattle)
Red and white or roan breed from England. Maternal. Suitable for many different farming systems with good marbling and quick efficient growth. Shorthorn (beef cattle)
Light grey to red or black maternal breed from India. Excess skin, large drooping ears, large hump over shoulder blades. Heat tolerant, insect resistant. Brahman (beef cattle)
Species with birth weight around 80 lbs. Cattle
Species with weaning weight around 500-600 lbs. Cattle
Species with market weight of 1200-1300 lbs. with 1350 lbs. average in Iowa. Beef Cattle
Species with a gestation length of 9 months and an estrous cycle of 21 days. Cattle
Problems while calving Dystocia
All the things needed in order to ride/control a horse Tack
Process of training that creates a controlled exercise. Also the rope used to teach the horse the exercise. Lunging
Headgear used to control a horse whether leading/guiding or restraining. Bridle
Long, narrow strap attached to a horse's bit, normally used in pairs to control a horse while riding. Rein
A metal piece attached to a bridle and inserted into the mouth of a horse for further control. Bit
Seasonal breeding species that gestates for 11 months with an estrous cycle of 21 days. Horses
Filing down a horse's teeth in order to smooth or contour then to prevent pain and difficulty with chewing. Floating Teeth
Light horse, larger size, thick muscled. Original to US, extensively bred for ranch work in Western USA. American Quarter Horse
Light horse, smaller size, chiseled features and smooth muscled. Bred for endurance, spirit, elegance. Original to Arabian desert lands. Arabian
Pony, larger sized. Appaloosa patterns. Original to Iowa in 1954. Pony of the Americas
Light horse, larger size, thick muscled. Solid colors with non-appaloosa white body patterns terms "overo," "tobiano," "tovero." Original to US but from Spanish explorers with "two-toned" horses. Paint
Draft type, long legged, tall. Extensively "feathered" at fetlock. Original to Great Britain. Clydesdale
Pony, smaller size with two types: stocky, draft type and more refined, society type. Solid colored with no white markings. Bred for coal mine draft work at Shetland Islands in England. Shetland Pony
Light horse, varied in size, thick muscled, stock type. Variegated color pattern of spots of white, blankets or leopard patterns common. Original to US from Spanish horses developed by the Nez Perce Indians. Appaloosa
Draft type, moderate sized. Dapple grey or black. Arching neck and clean legged. Ancient origins, from France with some Arab horse ancestry. Percheron
Light horse, taller sized, racing type, athletic muscled. All solid colors only. Popular in eastern states for longer distance and endurance racing. Thoroughbred
Light horse, larger size, racing type, moderate muscle thickness. All solid colors. Bred from Thoroughbred ancestry in early 1800s. Standardbred
Inflammation in the mammary glands Mastitis
A condition where the cow has too low of calcium levels in her body and then starts to take it from her bones, ultimately paralyzing her. Milk fever
A parlor design in which cows enter and stand rear to the milker (at ISU farm). Parallel parlor (rapid exit, double twelve)
Cleaning off the teat in order to prevent bacteria growth. Teat dipping
Standard lactation Number of times milked per day Maturity equivalent 305 d 2X ME
Length of time in a year that a cow is milked 305 days
Period of time when a cow is no longer milking. Lasts for 60 days Dry cow/period
The age the average female of this species is bred is 13-15 months old. Dairy heifers
White color with large black splotches. Highly popular breed. Dominates US dairy industry. Holstein
Golden to dark golden brown color. From Isle of Guernsey. Known for relative inability to convert carotene into vitamin A, thus causing a golden color in the milk it produces. Guernsey
Light grey or mouse color to dark fawn. Darker around hips, head, and shoulders. From Isle of Jersey. Known for largest average milk fat % in dairy lactation. Jersey
Red, white, roan. From Northeastern England in the Valley of the Tees River. Also a well known beef breed. Shorthorn (dairy cattle)
Greyish brown to dark brown with lighter muzzle coloring. From Switzerland. Heavier boned, larger bodied. Brown Swiss
Red and white, from County of Ayr in Scotland. Ayrshire
Created by: DLille24



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