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Mass Media ch. 17

Mass Media Chapter 17 quiz

QuestionAnswer
Code of Ethics Statement that defines acceptable, unacceptable behavior
Canons of Journalism First media code, 1923
Prescriptive Ethics Follow the rules and your decision will be the correct one
Aristotle Advocate of the Golden Mean
Golden Mean Moderation is the best course
"Do unto others" Judeo-Christean principle for ethical behavior
Immanuel Kant Advocated the categorical imperative
Categorical Imperative A principle that can be applied in any and all circumstances with moral certitude
John Stuart Mill Advocated utilitarianism
Principle of Utility Best course bestows the most good for the most people
John Dewey Advocate of pragmatism
Pragmatic Ethics Judge acts by their results
John Rawls Advocated egalitarianism
Veil of Ignorance Making decisions with a blind eye to extraneous factors that could affect the decision
Robert Hutchins Called for the new media to emphasize its social responsibility, not only its freedom
Egalitarianism Treat everyone the same
Hutchins Commission Advocated social responsibility as goal and result of media activities
Social Responsibility Making decisions that serve society responsibly
Deontological Ethics Good actions flow from good processes
Divine Command Theory Proper decisions follow God's will
Secular Command Theory Holds that authorities legitimately hold supreme authority although not necessarily with a divine authority
Libertarian Theory Given good information and time, people ultimately make right decisions
Teleology Good decisions are those with good consequences
Situational Ethics Make ethics decisions on the basis of situation at hand
Ralph Potter Ethicist who devised Potter's Box
Potter's Box Tool for sorting through the pros and cons of ethics questions
Accepted Practices What media do as a matter of routine, sometimes without considering ethics implications
Prudence Applying wisdom, not principles, to an ethics situation
Plagiarism Using someone else's work without permission or credit
Janet Cooke Classic case of representing fiction as truth
Misrepresentations Deception in gathering or telling information
Staging News Creating an event to attract news media attention and coverage
Reality Programs Broadcast shows with a nonfiction basis
Re-enactments Re-creating real events
Selective Editing Misrepresentation through omission and juxtaposition
New Journalism Mixing fiction techniques with nonfiction
Upton Sinclair Author of the Brass Check
Junket Trip with expenses paid by someone who may expect favors in return
Freebies Gifts for which the giver may expect favors in return
Created by: Meg0301