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Ch. 7 Org Psy


scientific management Management philosophy concerned with increasing productivity that regarded workers as extensions of the machines they operated.
Theory X Approach to management assumes that people are lazy and dislike work and therefore must be led and directed.
Theory Y Assumes that people find satisfaction in their work and function best under a leader who allow them to participate in working toward both personal and organizational goals.
bureaucracy A formal, orderly, and rational approach to organizing business enterprises.
contingency theory Leadership theory in which a leader's effectiveness is determined by the interaction between the leader's personal characteristics and the characteristics of the leadership situation.
path-goal Leadership theory that focuses on the kinds of behaviors leaders should exercise to allow their subordinates to achieve personal and organizational goals.
leader-member exchange Leadership theory that focuses on how the leader-follower relationship affects the leadership process.
implicit leadership theory Leadership theory that describes a good leader in terms of one's past experiences with different types of leaders.
authoritarian leadership Leadership style in which a leader makes all decisions and tells followers what to do.
democratic leadership Leadership style in which a leader and followers discuss problems and make decisions jointly.
transactional leadership Leadership tyle that focuses on the social interactions between leaders and followers, based on followers' perceptions of and expectations about the leader's abilities
transformational leadership Leadership style in which leader are not constrained by their followers' perceptions but are free to act to change or transform their followers' views.
charismatic leadership Leadership style characterized by self-promoting personality, a high energy level, and a willingness to take risks; charismatic leaders stimulate their followers to think independently.
Pygmalion Effect Self-fulfilling prophecy in which managers' expectations about the level of their employee job performance can influence that performance.
consideration leadership functions leadership behaviors that involve awareness of and sensitivity to the feelings of subordinates.
initiating structure leadership functions Leadership behaviors concerned with organizing, defining, and directing the work activities of subordinates.
self-managing work teams employee groups that allow the members of a work team to manage, control, and monitor all facets of their work, from recruiting, hiring, and training new employees to deciding when to take rest breaks.
Created by: BRCruiser