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bacterial identifica

bacterial identification

Staphylococcus spp Hemolytic vs nonhemolytic
Staphylococcus spp First test is catalase test
Staphylococcus spp Coagulase test
Staphylococcus spp Normal to see staph on skin swab
Staphylococcus spp Broth
Staphylococcus spp Skin infections
Coagulase test is done bc coagulase positive cocci are more pathogenic
In broth staphylococcus spp looks like comets or shooting stars
IE Bumblefoot in rabbits staphylococcus spp
Streptococcus spp Catalase negative
Streptococcus spp Graded hemolysis
Streptococcus spp Don’t grow well on a Meuller Hinton plate=sensitive to most ABs
Streptococcus spp Normal in intestines
Streptococcus spp Broth=stars
Streptococcus spp Pneumonia, mastitis, and septicemia
Neisseria spp Normal flora of respiratory tract of animals
Neisseria spp N. gonorrhoeae=human gonorrhea
Neisseria spp N. menigitidis=human meningitis
Neisseria spp N. weaveri=infection from dog bites
Neisseria spp N. iguanae=abscess in iguanas
Enterobacteriaceae (gut bacteria) Commonly found
Fusobacterium spp Dog/cat bites
Fusobacterium spp Thrush in horses
Fusobacterium spp Bovine foot rot
Nonenteral Pseudomonas
Nonenteral Aeromonas
Gram Negative Spirochetes Campylobacter spp
Campylobacter spp (gram negative spirochetes) Hooved animals=normal flora
Campylobacter spp (gram negative spirochetes) Other species=severe diarrhea
Yersinia spp (gram negative spirochetes) Reptile/amphibians and primate/ruminant fecals
Require salt to grow Yersinia spp (gram negative spirochetes)
Leptospirosis spp Gram negative spirochetes
Borrelia spp gram negative spirochetes
Helicobacter spp Gram negative spirochetes
Gram Negative Coccobacilli Moraxella bovis
Moraxella bovis causes pink eye in bovine
Bordetella spp and Pasteurella spp Gram negative coccobacilli
Bordetella spp and Pasteurella spp Respiratory infections in dogs, cats, rabbits
Brucella abortus Gram negative coccobacilli
Gram Positive Rods +/- spores
Gram Positive Rods Don’t culture in small labs
Gram Positive Rods Aerobic gram+ is Bacillus spp
Aerobic gram+ is Bacillus spp Large, parallel sided rods
Aerobic gram+ is Bacillus spp Normal contaminants/flora
Aerobic gram+ is Bacillus spp B. anthracis
Aerobic gram + is Bacillus spp B. piliformis
Corynebacterium Normal flora of skin
Corynebacterium C. equi (foal pneumonia)
Corynebacterium C. pseudotuberculosis (lymphadentitis is sheep and goats)
Corynebacterium C. renale (UTIs)
B. anthracis= sudden death in cattle and sheep and skin/lung lesions in people
B. piliformis= acute fatal enteritis in foals and rodents
Listeria monocytogenes Gram positive rods
Listeria monocytogenes Small, non spore forming rods
Listeria monocytogenes Catalase +
Listeria monocytogenes Infects brain stem=circling dz
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Gram positive rods
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae V Septicemia
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Endocarditis in dogs
Mycobacterium spp Gram positive rods
Mycobacterium spp Long chain
Mycobacterium spp Serious pathogens
Mycobacterium spp M. tuberculosis=tuberculosis in people and primates
Mycobacterium spp M avium=fatal, untreatable GI and respiratory infections in birds
Mycoplasma Small
Mycoplasma Lack and cell wall
Mycoplasma Not easily stained
Mycoplasma Pneumonia and arthritis
Mycoplasma Only ID in reference lab
Obligate Intracellular Bacteria Chlamydia
Obligate Intracellular Bacteria Ehrlichia
Obligate Intracellular Bacteria Rickettsia
Obligate Intracellular Bacteria Gram negative rods
Obligate Intracellular Bacteria Host specific
Chlamydia Genital and URI in humans, cats, pigs, birds
Ehrlichia Canine hemorrhagic fever
Rickettsia Rocky mountain spotted fever
Created by: JODY84