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Stack #1062510

Erythropoiesis= erythrocytes = Red blood cells
Leukopoises= leukocyte= White blood cells
Thrombopoiesis= thrombocytes= Platelets
What should you do before drawing blood Figure out what is needed, determine equipment & supplies needed, determine which blood vessel is best, make sure Pt was fasted
Draw blood before medical Tx (treatment)
Best vessel to draw blood is Jugular
Collection equipment Needle & syringe -> biggest needle possible and vacutainer
Draw enough blood for 3 tests
Whole blood Need tube with anticoagulant
Invert tubes, Never shake
Plasma Spun down green top tube
Serum Blood clots and then spun down
Check tests before picking Anticoagulants
If you do not use blood within 1 hour you should Refrigerate
If blood has been refrigerated you need to Bring back to room temperature before use
Don't freeze blood because Lysing cells (break apart)
Sample volume Well hydrated Pt will make half the amount of plasma/serum drawn up
CBC Complete blood count
Best to do a manual and automated CBC
CBC includes Total Rbc's PCV, PLASMA PROTEIN CONCENTRATION (TP), TOTAL WBC, BLOOD FILM EXAM, DIFFERENTIAL WBC's, RDC (Red cell distribution width) & WBC morphology & PlT
Read PVC 1st then Break above Buffy coat to get plasma
Plasma should be Clear to light yellow
If plasma is pink and cloudy the animal Just ate
Penia Decrease number of cells in the blood
Philia/cytosis Increased number of cells in the blood
Left shift Increases number of immature neutrophils in the blood
Neoplastic cells in blood or marrow is Leukemia
Leukemoid response Condition that can be mistaken for leukemia
Neutrophil Irregular nucleus, irregular & elongated, 3-5 lobes
Band neutrophil Immature neutrophil, looks like a horseshoe & not common to see in normal animals
Lymphocyte Large nucleus, light blue cytoplasm, looks like eyes, a granular
Monocytes Largest wbc's, variably shaped nuclei, vacuoles, agranular
Eosinophil Nucleus similar to neutrophils, granular, commonly, stain red to pink, much lighter than the nucleus. Triggered by histamine released from mast cells; allergies
Basophils Nucleus is similar to monocytes, granular, granules stain darker than the than the nucleus dark blue - black; triggered by the release of eosinophils and allergies
Created by: JODY84