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Rural Sociology M1

5 core concepts important in this course 1.Society 2.Culture 3.Subculture 4.Power and Influence 5.Community
Society Share a common culture and live in the same territory.
Culture Beliefs and values norms, what we carry in our head. Food and Religion.
Subculture Group within a main culture that has distinctive beliefs, values norms and behaviors. Amish and Bikers.
Power and Influence Ability of individuals to achieve desired positions, despite resistance.
Community Usually within a political boundary where people live on a day to day basis.
Community without propinquity? Community without a geographic border.
Bottom of the hour glass? Status, Attitude and Behavior.
Middle of the hour glass? Community
Top of the Hour Glass? Trends, Issues, and Events
Sociological Imagination? The Intellectual ability to see the relationship between individual behavior and attitude, and a larger societal and cultural content.
About how many Americans are rural today? 1 in 6
Vertically Integrated? Regulations flow down and accountability flows up.
How have primary and secondary relationships changed from one generation to the next? There are more secondary relationships and the same amount of primary ones.
How has technology changed us? Electricty has made us mobile through batteries. Growth of the speed and sources of how we receive information.
Ideal Features of Bureaucracy? 1.Division of labor 2. Written Rules 3. Merit Competence 4. Professionalization 5. Efficiency 6. Makes Things complex and manages complex tasks
Dysfunctions of a Bureaucracy? 1. Too many secondary relationships. 2. McDonaldization has cause too much sameness. 3. Lack of communication between units. 4. Shadow Organizations -Unwritten rules, office romances, favoritism.-
How has the family structure changed? More diverse, tolerant towards divorce, single moms new normal.
What are the 3 main ways there has been a shift in work? Started out as Agricultural then to Manufacturing then to Information Services.
What are the 4 shits work has changed? 1. Hands-on to Mass production. 2. At home to not at home. 3. Family Based to corporate Bureaucracy. 4. From Apprentice/master to Trainee/Employer.
How do we use story telling? We use it to learn our society and culture. Even with all the eletronic communication we have today.
What is the new census definitions? A: Metropolitan (Columbus) B: Suburban (Delaware) C: Micropolitan (Zanesville) D: Non-Metropolitan (Crooksville)
What is the old census definition? Rural is any place that has less than 2,500 people and is not next to a place that has more that 2,500 people.
What is the census definition by Donnermeyer? If you live more than 45 minutes from a shopping mall you are rural.
WHy is Ohio's rural population the most urbanized? Ohio has more rural that is close to a big city.
What is Symbolic Interactionism? A view of a theory that says that society is the product of countless interactions between individuals. These interactions require symbols such as verbal and body language.
What is the "me" of Symbolic Interactionism? The public image. Image of oneself that represents what we think others think of us.
What is the "I" of symbolic interactionism? The private image. Image of oneself that lie outside of what others think of us.
What are the major features of Symbolic Interactionism? Our society. Our community within our society. Our secondary relationships.
What is framing? The manipulation of how groups and individuals and groups perceive others.
What is Functionalism? A macro theory that states society is like a system and each part does something.
"Functional for Whom?" Says that in complex societies, change affects people/groups in different ways. Based on how much power they have and where they live.
What is the conflict/competition theory? States that all of those within a society compete for control over economic, political, and social power. Have resources based on vested interest.
Applications of conflict/competition? Conflict resolution. Dealing with difficult co-workers. Mediation in the corporate world.
What are the five steps to any kind of research? 1. Define a problem 2. Review the literature. 3. Create a hypothesis 4. Collect data 5. Make a conclusion.
The 3 elements of culture? 1. Norm 2. Belief 3. Values
What is prescriptive? What we should do.
What is proscriptive? What we shouldn't do.
What are sanctions? Rewards and punishments for either following or not following.
What is ecological fallacy? Generalizing a whole group of people based on the actions of one member.
Ethnocentrism? The idea that ones culture is superior and everyone else's is inferior.
Created by: 1107280719



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