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Vt 112 exam 1

Vet 112 exam 1

QuestionAnswer
What do you observe when reading body language? the whole body make sure the body is loose and comfortable
Play Bow rear end up front end down
low hung tail wagging scared unsure
high stiff wagging tail agitated unsure scared
loose wag comfortable and friendly
freeze scared guarding feel cornered
rolling over indicates submission
ears forward alert interested in something
ears back scared unsure
displacement behaviors yawning, panting, lifting front paw as someone walks toward the dog, licking lips, scratching, not making eye contact, shacking off after someone handles it, stretching, whining, lying down, not partaking
fearful behavior drooling, circling, tucked tail, whining, sweaty feet, body still, tail low or high, growling, curling of lips, showing teeth
diffusing the stress stop whatever your doing determine what the dog is reacting to make the dog more comfortable slow down small amounts
scissor style placed at a right angle to the toenail
Guillotine style nail to nail squeeze the clippers to cut the animals tail
how close do you cut the nail? 2 mm from the quick
What purpose do anal glands serve? marking territory normally expressed during defecation or excitement
Signs that anal glands need to be expressed scooting butt across the floor licking or chewing at the rectum chasing tail foul odor runny stool swollen anus
location of anal glands at 4 and 8 on the rectum
What happens when anal glands are expressed abscessed/ impacted rupture severe pain infection
What does CRT stand for capillary refill time
Prolonged CRT may indicate irregular circulation due to cold, shock, cardiovascular disease, anemia
Canine Vital Signs Temperature 99.5 101.5 102.5 Pulse 60 90 120 Respiration 10 20 30
Feline Vital Signs Temperature 100 101.5 102.5 Pulse 110 120 130 Respiration 20 25 30
What is the ideal BCS for a dog and cat? 4-5 dog 5 cat
Normal MM color pink
What does pale or while MM color indicate? blood loss, shock, decreased peripheral blood flow which could cause anemia, poor perfusion, vasoconstriction
What does Blue (cyanotic) MM color indicate? inadequate oxidization, hyperthermia
What does Brick Red MM color indicate? Early shock, sepsis, fever, systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Increased perfusion, Vasodilation
What would Yellow (icteric) MM color indicate? Hepatic or biliary disorder and/or hemolysis, Bilirubin accumulation
What does Brown MM color indicate? Acetaminophen toxicity in cats, intravascular hemolysis. Methemoglobinemia
What does Petechiae(red splotching) MM color indicate? Platelet disorder, DIC, coagulation factor deficiencies Coagulation disorder
Arrhythmia irregular heartbeat
Murmur prolonged series of audible vibrations during normally silent part of cardiac cycle Often heard as soft swooshing sounds
Muffled heart sounds may indicate fluid on the chest
What is the dog species canis familiaris
what is the cat species Felis Catus
What syringes are not usually sterile oral dosing
what are the type of syringes slip tip, leur-lock, catheter tip
Ear infections may result in redness, discharge, odor, scratching of the hear, shaking of the head, rubbing ear onto the floor
what are the sites for IM injection SMST, quadracepts, tricepts, dorsal lumbar
where are Intraperitoneal Injections given the space surrounding the abdominal organs
what are Intradermal Injections given for allergy testing
Most common sites for intravenous injections saphenous, cephalic, jugular, femoral artery
what is given intranasal bordetella
Purpose of Vaccinations To provide optimum immunity against diseases with high morbidity and mortality
what is Leptospirosis a bacterial disease of the urinary tract
what is Bordetella a bacterial infection of the upper respiratory system (kennel cough)
what is Borrelia burgorferi AKA Lyme disease - is a tick-borne, bacterial disease
what is Giardia intestinal infection caused by a protozoan parasite
what is a Distemper an airborne viral disease of the lungs, intestines and brain
what is Parvovirus a viral disease of the intestines
what is Para-influenza infectious bronchitis
what is Adenovirus a viral disease of the liver - Hepatitis
what is Corona a viral disease of the intestines
what are Rabies a viral disease fatal to humans and other animals
Puppies should start wellness series between 6 and 8 weeks
Rabies is given at 12 weeks
where is DALPPC (DHLPPC) given Left rear limb, SQ
where is Rabies given right rear limb, SQ
where is Lepto given Left fore limb, SQ
where is Bordetella given IN or SQ
what is Panleukopenia Feline Distemper – viral infection
what is Calicivirus viral infection causing respiratory infection
what is Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis upper respiratory infection of cats caused by feline herpesvirus 1
what is Feline leukemia virus FeLV - retrovirus that infects cats
what is Feline immunodeficiency like aids in humans; FIV - infectious disease caused by a retrovirus.
what is Feline infectious peritonitis FIP - caused by a coronavirus
what is Chlamydophila felis – bacterium causing inflammation of feline conjunctiva, rhinitis and respiratory problems
what is Microsporum Canis ringworm
Felv can be given at 9 weeks then booster 3 weeks later
where is FVRCPC given Left rear limb, SQ
where is FeLV given Left fore limb, SQ
what are some Wellness Considerations PE, dental care, nutrition, weight, parasite control, training, neutured/spayed, behavior or husbandry, senior care, pregnancy
Created by: lindsayjones11