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Religion Exam 1 - Sa

Monotheist Belief in ONE god. (Christianity, Islam, Judaism)
Polytheism Belief in many gods/goddesses. (Greek, Roman, Paganism, Ancient Egyptian, Nordic, Shintoism)
Avatars A god's 'descent' into physical form (Brahman's incarnations - Shiva, Ganesh etc.) Incarnation of god.
Atheism Rejection of god(s)/ no religion
Non-theism Not a requirement to have a god.
Agnosticism Doesn't reject religion or gods, but doesn't really know.
4 Components of Religion Beliefs, life style, ritual activity, and social institution.
Religion An integrated system of beliefs, lifestyle, ritual activity and social institution.
Sacred text of Islam Hadith and Quaran
Sacred text of Judaism Torah
Sacred text of Christianity Bible
Sacred text of Taoism Tao Te Ching
Sacred text of Hinduism Gita
Sacred texts of Buddhism The 3 Treasures, 4 Noble Truths, 8 Fold Path
Books in the Old Testament Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
Heresy False
What is the Old Testament taken from? Tanak
Creed Statement of belief
Creedal statement of Judaism Shema - "Hear O' Israel the Lord our God, the Lord is one."
Creedal statement of Islam Shahada - "There is but one god Allah, and Muhammed, peace be upon him, is his messenger."
Creedal statement of Buddhism 3 Jewels/Gems/Refuges - I take refuge in the Buddha, I take refuge in the Dharma, I take refuge in the Sangha."
Creedal statement of Christianity Nicine creed - I believe in the father...
Symbol of Nirvana Lotus
Phenomenological approach Describing religious phenomena without making judgement about their ultimate truth
Cross cultural analysis Examination taking into account various cultures
Multicultural analysis Examination across diverse ethnic and racial groups (eg feminist perspective)
Religious pluralism Condition characterized by a multitude of different groups
Global society all-human society
Globalization Redefining the context for "doing religion"
Animism The attribution of a living soul to plants
Monism Belief that there is a single unity of all beings to the degree that only One exists.
Henotheism Adherence to one particular god out of several
Pantheism Sees 'god' in all things, but a plurality of things still exists.
Panentheism The belief that God is greater than the universe and includes and interpenetrates it
Ritual A religious or solemn ceremony consisting of a series of actions performed to a prescribed order
Moral conduct A manner in which one decides to act morally
Ancestor deities Deceased relatives that look over mortals and help in activities
Immortals Not liable or subject to death
Transcendent Beyond or above the range of normal or physical human experience
Incarnation A person who embodies the flesh of a deity
Reincarnation Rebirth of a soul in a new body
Con-substantial Coexistence in the same substance
Which religions are categorized as monotheistic? Christianity, Islam, Judaism
Which religions are categorized as non-theistic? Buddhism
Which religions are categorized as monistic? Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Baha'i
Messiah Any expected deliverer - esp in religion
Prophet A person regarded as an inspired teacher or proclaimer of the will of God
Rasul prophet Jesus in Muslim
Rishis Ancient seers
Kami Devine being in Shinto religion
Devi Supreme goddess in Hinduism
Founder for Islam Muhammad
Founder for Taoism Lao-Tzu
Founder for Confucianism Kong Qiu
Founder for Hinduism No single founder
Founder for Buddhism Siddharta Gautama
Founder for Judaism Abraham
Founder for Sikhism Guru Nanak Dev
Founder for Shinto No founder
Founder for Baha'i The Bab
What's the significance of the Tanakh The canon of the Hebrew Bible
Where does the word Tanakh come from Acronym formed from the initial Hebrew letters of the Masoretic Text's
What books are found in Torah Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy
What books are found in Nevi'im Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings
What is the significance of the Quaruan Holy scripture of Islam
Hadith Collection of sayings and deeds by Mohammad and his followers
What does it mean when it's said that Jesus is the "Word made flesh" The Word is God and God came to Earth as his incarnation Jesus
What books does the Old Testament contain Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
What's the difference between the new and old testaments? OT showed god's wrath, NT showed god's grace
What is a sutra? A sermon of the Buddha
What is the significance of the Tripitaka ("Pali Canon") The earliest collection of Buddhist writings
Between Confucious and Lao Tzu, whose writings are regarded as sacred texts? Lao Tzu
What is the significance of the Vedas in Hinduism? It's concerned with knowledge through excellence - Hinduism
Discuss the compliments made between the Tao Te Ching and the Analects
What's the significance of creedal statements? A statement of belief.
Canon An officially accepted body of literature, especially a collection of writings taken together as scripture
Hermeneutics Science of interpreting text
Exegesis Interpretation of a text
Inerrancy Exemption from error
Upanishads Hindu sacred texts
Theism A belief in the Absolute conceived as a God or gods suggesting that the Ultimate Reality is a personal being
Dharma in Buddhism, the message of the Buddha in general, translated as the Truth or the Law of Buddha
Analects Scripture of Conucianism; aphoristic, wise sayings attributed directly to Confucius
Founder of Christianty Jesus
Created by: satira1692
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