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Chapter 3

Vet Med Term

QuestionAnswer
myectomy surgical removal of muscle or part of a muscle
myoplasty surgical repair of muscle
myotomy surgical incision into a muscle
tenectomy surgical removal of part of a tendon
tenotomy surgical division of tendon
myositis inflammation of voluntary muscle
myotonia delayed relaxation of a muscle after a contraction
tendinitis inflammation of band of fibrous connective tissue connecting muscle to bone
tetany muscle spasms or twitching
adhesion band of fibers that hold structures together in an abnormal fashion
ataxia lack of voluntary control of muscle movement
atonic laacking muscle control
dystrophy defective growth
fascitis inflmammation of sheet of fibrous connecctive tissue that covers, supports, and separates muscle
fibroma tumor composed of fully developed connective tissue
hernia protrustion of a body part through tissue that normally contains it
laxity looseness
leiomyositis inflammation of smooth tissue
myasthenia muslce weakness
myoclonus muscle spasm
myopathy abnormal condition or disease of muscle
electromyography process of recording electrical activity of the muslce cells near recording electrodes
electromyogram record of strength of muscle contractino caused by electrical stimulation
sartorius muscle muscle of thigh area
gemellus twin
gastrocnemius muscle resembles shape of stomach (calf)
teres cylindrical muscles
serratus saw toothed muscles
scalenus unequally three sided muscles
rhomboideus diamond shaped muscles
quadratus square or four sided muscles
deltoid look like greek delta sign
minimus small
maximus large
latissimus or vastus broad
longissimus or gracillis narrow
quadriceps four divisions (heads)
biceps two divisions
triceps three divisions
sphincter tight band. muscles ringlike and constrict opening of passageway
transverse crosswise. muscles form crosswise to midline
oblique slanted. slant away from midline
rectus straight. align with vertical axis of body
pectoral muscles located on chest
epaxial muscles located above pelvic axis
infraspinatus muscles beneath spine of the scapula
supraspinatus muscles located above the spine of the scapula
orbicularis muscles surrounding another structure
flexor muscle that bends a limb at its joint or decreases joint angle
extensor straightens a limb or increases the joint angle
levator raises or elevates a part
depressor lowers or depresses a joint
rotator turns a body part on its axis
supinator rotates palmar or plantar surface upward
pronator rotates palmar or plantar surface downward
kinesiology study of movement
antagonist muscles that work opposite each other
synergists contract at the same time to help movement or support
contraction tightening
relaxation lessening of tension
neuromuscular junction point at which nerve endings come in contact with muscle cells
tonus muscle tone or balanced muscle tension
linea alba fibrous band of connective tissue on ventral abdominal wall that is median attachment of abdominal muscles
aponeurosis fibrous sheet providing atachment to muscular fibers and is a means of origin or insertion of a flat muscle
tendon attaches muscle to bone
fascia sheet of fibrous connective tissue covers, supports, separates muscle
trephination cutting a hole into bone
osteotomy surgical incision of bone
osteoplasty surgical repair of bone
osteopexy surgical fixation of bone to body wall
osteodesis fusion of bone
osteocentesis surgical puncture of bone
ostectomy surgical removal of bone
onychectomy surgical removal of claw
arthrodesis surgical fusion of joint or spinal vertebrae
chemonucleolysis dissolving part of center of IVD by injecting foreign substance
laminectomy surgical removal of dorsal arch of vertebrae
transverse fracture broken at right angles or straight across bone
spiral fracture bone twisted apart
pphysical fracture broken at epiphyseal line. salter-harris i-v fractures
oblique fracture angular break diagonal to long axis
greenstick frature broken on one side and other side is bent
comminuted fracture bone splintered or crushed into multiple pieces
callus bulging deposit around area of a bone fracture that may become bone
avulsion fracture broken bone where site of muscle, tendon, or ligament insertion is detached by forceful pull
synovitis inflammation of synovial membrane of joints
subluxation partial dislocation
spondylosis deformans chronic degeneration of articular processes and development of bony outgrowths around ventral edge of vertebrae
spondylitis inflammation of vertebrae
spondylosis degenerative disorder of vertebrae
ostealgia bone pain
osteitis inflammation of bone
osteoarthritis DJD associated w/ aging or wear and tear to joints
Created by: 184900950