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Vt 108 quiz

smooth muscle muscles found all over the body such as eyes, lungs, stomach, intestines, urinary bladder
skeletal muscle voluntary movement of the bones so the animal can move around
cardiac muscle the heart
what is muscle used for? movement, contraction, protection, maintaining strength
tendon muscle to bone
ligament bone to bone
origin of muscle area that moves the least at attached sight of muscle (proximal)
insertion of muscle area that moves the most at attached sight of muscle (distal)
agonist moves the muscle
antagonist pulls against the muscle
what is one of the best healing tissues in the body? bone
what is crucial for healing bone? time, alignment, immobilization
external fixations splints and casts
internal fixations wires, pines, screws, plates
what effects the speed of healing? species, age, physical condition, size
osteoblasts healing/growing bone tissue
osteoclasts eat away bone tissue
callus osteoblasts from the area of forming healing tissue
smaller callus means... less movement between fractured fragments
bigger callus means... more movement between fractured fragments
True or false: smaller callus heals quicker True
navicular disease when bone begins to undergo chronic, painful degeneration
the distal sesamoid bone is also called the... navicular bone
True or false: navicular disease is normally 100% curable False
What can be done to help navicular disease? hoof triming, shoeing, and drug therapy
hip dysplasia the abnormal looseness or laxity of the hip joints
What can cause hip dysplasia? overnutrition leading to rapid growth, exercise, genetic factors
True or false: Hip dysplasia can be hereditery? True
what would be proper treatment for hip dysplasia? weight reduction, restriction of exercise, antiinflammatory drugs, variety of surgical procedures
True or false: Calcium helps prevent clotting True
Main function of bones areā€¦. Support, leverage, protection, blood cell formation
Hematophoiesis produces red blood cells
Where is hematophoiesis located? the spongy bone
Examples of irregular bone vertebra, sesamoids, patella
What is long bone made of? Cancellous covered by compact bone
What is short bone made of? Spongy covered by thin compact
What is flat bone made of? Spongy covered by compact bone
Articular surface where bones come in contact with each other to form joints
Diaphysis mid portion of long bone
Epiphysis ends of long bone
Periosteum layer around bone (fibrous membrane )
Endosteum lines medullary cavity
Epiphyseal plate growth plate in long bones
True or false: An epiphyseal line means the bone is still growing False
True or false: in a developing fetus cartiledge comes before bone True
Ossification hardening of bone
Fracture Any kind of break in the bone
Simple fracture a break in the bone contained within the tissue
Compound fracture a break in the bone protruding through the skin
Fissured fracture incomplete break (crack)
Greenstick fracture incomplete break on one side
Transverse fracture complete break, straight through the bone
Comminuted fracture complete break, numerous bone fragments
Oblique fracture complete break diagonally
Slab a piece of bone is pulled off
Exostoses excess bone formation
Non-union when bones don't come together
arthro- refers to joints
Example of an immoveable joints skull
Slighty moveable joints vertebra and mandible
Freely moveable Stifle joint, hip joint
True or false: Joint capsule keeps two ends of bones held together True
Inter synovial membrane Secrets fluid
Outer synovial membrane lubricates and provides nutrients from cartiledge
Arthritis inflammation of joint
Luxation usually through trauma, is a dislocated joint
Subluxation partial dislocation
Joint ill infection through umbilical cord
Intra capsular ligaments ligaments in the joint
Extra capsular ligaments ligaments outside the joint
Ankylosis Fussion at the end of a bone and is no longer moveable
Created by: 1361786960



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