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tubes and terms

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

red top tube additive   none  
sst/tiger-topped tube additive   serum separator gel clot activator  
lavender top additive   EDTA  
light blue top additive   sodium citrate  
green top additive   sodium heparin, lithium heparin, ammonium heparin  
gray top additive   sodium fluoride, potassium oxalate  
yellow top additive   SPS, ADC  
red top uses in lab   chemistry test on serum  
lavender top uses in lab   hematology test on whole blood  
blue top uses in lab   coagulation test on plasma  
green top lab uses   chemistry test on plasma  
gray top lab uses   glucose, alcohol levels  
yellow top lab uses   blood cultures, cellular studies  
red top chemistry test on serum   glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides  
lavender -hematology test on whole blood   cbc, differential, platelet count  
blue- coagulation test on plasma   PT, APTTor PTT  
green- chemisrty test on plasma   ammonia, HLA typing, chromosome screening  
yellow top test   blood cultures celluar studies  
antiglycolytic   glucose preservative found in some blood collection tubes  
hemolysis   destruction of blood  
bacteriostatic   substance that is capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria  
antecubital fossa   area located in the middle of the arem in front of the elbow where most commonly used veins for venipuncture  
diapedesis   process by which certain white blood cells can exit the capillaries and enter the tissues in response to pathogens  
basophil   least # of leukocyte  
leukocyte   white blood cell whose main function is combating infection and removing disintergrated tissues  
lympocyte   leukocyte that multiplies in the lymphoid tissue and has a role in the bodys immune system  
fibrinogen   protein found in plasma that is essential for clotting blood  
fibrin   threadlike structures formed by the action of thromin on fibrinogen  
eosinphil   leukocyte that aids the body in fighting parasites and occurs in increased number in patients with allergies  
monocyte   large leukocyte formed in bone marrow -primary function phagocytosis  
macrophages   moncytes that leave the bloodstream in tissues  
neutrophils stain   lavendar or pink  
esosinophils stain   red-orange  
basophils stain   dark blue/blue black  
wrights stain   test used to differentiate between granulocyes and agranulocytes  
autologous blood transfusion   predrawn blood that is stored by an individual  
hemostasis   process of cogulation or clotformation that repairs vessel damage and stops blood loss  
hematoma   occurs when blood forms under the skin due insertion of needle through a vein or artery/ or injury  
D antigen   often reffered to as the Rh factor  
O blood type   most common blood type  
specific antibodies   complex protein substances found on the surface of red blood cells that are produced as a response to a foreign substance  
AB blood type   least common blood type  
AB blood type   contains no antibodies  
blood type O   contains no antigens  
blood type O   contains both A and B antibodies  
Male hemoglobin range   14-18 grams/100ml of blood  
female hemoglobin range   12-16 grams/100ml of blood  
anemia   abnrmally low hemoglobin level  
granulocytes and agranulocytes   2 main categories white blood cells are classified into  
granules   small particles in the cytoplasm  
differential   hematology test that indicates the different type blood cells  
platelets   smallest of all the blood componets considered to be a cell fragment  


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Created by: bethney