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Sterilization & Disinfection

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

A substance that kills disease-producing microorganisms but not their spores. This is usually applied to living tissue.   ANTISEPTIC  
An apparatus for the sterilization of materials, using steam under pressure.   AUTOCLAVE  
To soil, stain, or pollute; to make impure.   CONTAMINATE  
An item that comes in contact with sterile tissue or the vascular system.   CRITICAL ITEM  
The use of physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens on an item so that it is no longer capable of transmitting disease; this makes the item safe to handle.   DECONTAMINATION  
An agent that cleanses by emulsifying dirt & oil.   DETERGENT  
An agent used to destroy pathogenic microorganisms but not their spores. This is usually applied to inanimate objects.   DISINFECTANT  
Any chemical that presents a threat to the health & safety of an individual coming into contact with it.   HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL  
To provide proper conditions for growth & development.   INCUBATE  
The articles that are being sterilized.   LOAD  
A sheet that provides information regarding a chemical, its hazards, & means to prevent injury & illness when handling the chemical. (MSDS)   MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET  
An item that comes into contact with intact skin, but not mucous membranes.   NONCRITICAL ITEM  
A process to remove organic matter from an article & to reduce the number of microorganisms to a safe level as determind by public health requirements.   SANITIZATION  
An item that comes into contact with nonintact skin or intact mucous membranes.   SEMICRITICAL ITEM  
A hard, thick-walled capsule formed by some bacteria that contains only the essential parts of the protoplasm of the bacterial cell.   SPORE  
The process of destroying all forms of microbial life, including bacteria spores.   STERILIZATION  
Easily affected or changed by heat.   THERMOLABILE  


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Created by: Mrs.Marshall