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Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Aponeurosis   Suture of an aponeurosis  
Scoliosis   Sideways lateral curving of the spine (the back bone)  
Hemopoiesis   the formation of blood cells in the living body, especially in the bone marrow.  
Visceral   Also known as smooth muscle found in internal organs.  
Brachialgia   Pain in the arm.  
Dystrophy   Faulty muscular development caused my lack of nurishment.  
Fascioplasty   Surgical repair of the fasia.  
Insertion   The point of attachment of a muscle to the part that moves.  
Isometric   Pertaining to having equal measure. Counteracts the pull of gravity to maintain good posture.  
Atrophy   A lack of nourishment; a waisting of muscular tissue that may be caused by lack of use.  
lordosis   Abnormal anterior curve of the spine.  
Kyphosis   Abnormally increased convexity in the curvature of the thoratic spine as viewed from the side.  
Diaphragm   The partition, of muscle and membranes, that seperate the thoratic cavity from the abdominal cavity.  
Flaccid   lacking muscle tone; weak, soft, and flabby.  
Tricepts   A muscle having three heads with a single insertion.  
Tenodynia   Pain in a tendon.  
Sarcolemma   A plasma membrane surrounding each striated muscle fiber.  
Rhabdomyoma   A tumor of striated muscle tissue.  
Intramuscular   Pertaining to within the muscle.  
Tendoesis   Surgical binding of a tendon.  
Quadricep   A muscle that has four heads or points of orgin  
Myosacrcoma   A malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue  
Myolysis   Destruction of musscle tissue.  
Three types of muscles   skeletal, smooth, cardiac  
Muscle that is attached to the bone   skeletal  
Muscles of the heart   cardiac  
Muscles found in the internal organs   Smooth  
Voluntary Muscles   skeletal  
Involuntary Muscles   Smooth  
Striated Muscles   Both Cardiac and skeletal  
Muscle that is attached to the bone   Skeletal  
What is skeletal muscles composed of   Long, strong muscle fibers. held together by connective tissues in groups.  
Groups of connective tissues are called what   Bundles  
Bundles of connective tissue are surrounded by what   Sheaths  
Each muscle fiber contains what   myofibrils  
Each fiber contains bundles filaments responsible for what   contraction  
Filaments in each myofibril are organized into repeating untis called what   sarcommeres  
What is Peristalsis   altering wave-like contractions of both layers of muscles in a tube such as the bowels.  
What type of muscle does Peristalsis occure in?   Smooth  
Skeletal muscle perform work my pulling on the______ of the skeleton._______ serves as _____.   Bones, Bones, Levers.  
Muscles work in ______ groups, called ______   opposing, "muscle team"  
Contraction, produce movement   isotonic  
Contracture   Flexor muscle becomes shorter resulting in perminent bent joint.  
Muscles store _______ in the form of ________ for the body.   Carbohydrates, glycogen  
What three things happen when a muscle contracts   1. It uses stored glycogen 2. Changes glycogen to glucose as it source of energy 3. release heat  
What happens when the muscle depletes is stored glycogen   It becomes fatigued.  
A tendon connects ________ to _______   muscle to bone  
The largest tendon in the body is what   the achillies  
Ligaments are connective tissue that connect ________ to __________ at a _________   bone to bone at a joint  
Orgin   fixed attachment does not move bone  
Insertion   Moveable attachment, end that moves bone when muscle contracts.  
Facia   Covers muscle tissue  
Sheaths   Protects the moving part of the muscle group and tendons from friction.  
Bursae   Sac- shaped sheaths protect sholder, elbow, and knee.  
Masseter   Chew food  
Sternocleidomastoid   support the head  
Intercostals   Involved in respiration  
Two muscles involved in respirations   Intercostals, Diaphragm  
Diaphragm   Involved in respiration, and divides the thoratic cavity from the abdominal cavity.  
Quadriceps   Front of the thigh  
Hamstrings   Back of the thigh  
Flexion   to bend  
Extension   To straighten  
Abduction   To move away from the body  
Adduction   To move towards the body  
Rotation   To move around an axis  
Supination   Turning palm up (anteriorly)  
Pronation   Turning palm down (posteriorly)  
Dorsiflexion   movement that tilts foot up  
Planter flexion   Movement of foot downwards  
Circumduction   To move around within the joint  
Strain   To much stress placed on a muscle  
Cramp/ Spasm   Caused by a muscle that contracts ans cannot relax  
Hiccough   Spasm of the diaphragm  
Muscular Dystrophy   progressive waisting away of a muscle usually inherited.  
Essential for muscle contraction   Calcium  


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