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A&P Chp 4 Tissue

Anatomy & Physiology I - Chapter 4 Tissue: The Living Fabric

What are the four types of tissue? epithelial, connective, nervous, and muscular
What is made of plaque and anchor cells together? Adherins
What is composed of plaque and are linked by transmembrane glycoproteins? Desmosomes
What connect cells to extracelluar material? Hemidesmosomes
Can you name the junction that allow cells in a tissue to rapidly communicate through connexons? Gap junctions
What has one layer? Simple
What has more than one layer? Stratified
What has one layer that looks like more than one? Pseudostratified
What is flat in shape? Squamous
What is rectangular in shape? Columnar
What is cube-like shape? Cuboidal
What has a variable shape? Transitional
Name the functions of Simple Tissue. filtration, secrection, absorption
Name the function of Stratified Tissue. protection
Name the function of Pseudostratified Tissue. secretion
A gland is a single cell or a mass of epithelial cells adapted for secretion is called Glandular Epithelia
ductless; secrete products (hormones) enter the extracullar fluid and diffuse into the blood is Endocrine glands
What secrete their products into ducts that empty at the surface of covering and lining epithelium? Exocrine glands
What is the functions of Connective Tissue? support, protection, insulation
Matrix that provide strength and support for tissues is called Fibers
Where are cells derived from? Mesenchyme
Name the three Loose Connective Tissues types. Areolar, Adipose, Reticular
Name the two Dense Connective Tissue types. regular and irregular
Name the three cartilage of the connective tissue. Hyaline, Elastic, and Fibrocartilage
Most consist of cell body and two types of processes called dendrites and axons is called Neurons
Name the three types of muscle tissue. skeletal, cardiac, smooth
The muscle that is attached to bones, is striated, and is voluntary is called. Skelatal
Muscle that forms most of the heart wall, and is involuntary is called. Cardiac
What muscle is found in the walls of hollow internal structures, and is involuntary? Smooth muscle
What is the membrane that line joints and contain only connective tissue? Synovial membranes
Line the cavities that open to the exterior is called Mucous membranes
Lines a body cavity that does not open directly to the exterior is called serous membranes
When does tissue repair begins? inflammatory and organiztion process
Name the three primary germ cell layers? ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function are called tissue
Name some common properties that set the connective tissue apart from other tissues: common origin, degrees of vascularity, extracellular matrix
What are the connective tissues three main elements? ground substance, fibers, and cells
Name the covering and lining membranes three types: cutaneus, mucous, or serous
The epithelial sheet is directly underlain by a layer of loose connective tissue called... lamina propria
What type of supporting cells that protect and support neurons nervous tissue? Neuroglia
What fluid touches the transitional tissue? urine fluid
Name the 4 epithelial tissue simple, stratified, pseudostratified, and transitional
Name the 5 connective tissues loose, dense, cartilage, bone, and blood
Created by: kenstack