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Anatomy One

Anatomical positions and directional terms

Anatomical Position: Erect, feet on floor, facing observer with palms facing observer
Biopsy: Tissue Sample
Malignant: A tumor that has spread or metastasized
Supine Laying down, facing ceiling
Prone: Laying down, facing floor
Front: Anterior
Another word for front: Ventral
Back: Posterior
Another word for back: Dorsal
Superior: (Another word) Closer to the head (or cephalic)
Inferior: (Another word) Closer to the legs; Caudal
Palpate: To feel something
Axial Regions: Lie on axis
Examples of axial regions: Skull, rip cage, spine
Appendage Appendicular region, attached to axis
Proximal: Nearer to attachment to body
Distal: Farther from attachment to body
Medial (example) nearer to the midline. The ulna is medial to the radius
What is the midline? Imaginary line dividing body in two equal parts
Lateral: (example) Farther from the midline The lungs are lateral to the heart
Intermediate: (example) Between two structures The transverse colon is intermediate between the ascending colon and descending colon
Ipsilateral: (example) On the same side of body as another structure The gallbladder and ascending colon are ipsilateral
conralateral (example) On the opposite side of the body as another structure The ascending colon and descending colon are contralateral
Superficial: (Example) Toward or on the surface of the body The ribs are superficial to the lungs
Deep (Give an Example) Away from the surface of the body The ribs are deep to the skin of the chest and back
Cervical Neck
What separates the superior thorax from inferior abdomen? Diaphram
Pelvis: Abdominal pelvic cavity
Perineum Region b/w genital area and anus
TRUNK: Under cervical to pelvis
Sacral: Between hips
Lumbar: loin, lower back
Thoracic Cavity: What organ does it exclude? Pleural: MediaStinum: the chest cavity (excludes the lung): Pleura: Thin membrane that covers the lung Mediastinum: Median portion of the thoracic cavity covered by the pleura.
Cervical: Neck, from the back
What does the prefix ante refer to? fore or front
What is the pectiral girdle? The shoulder girdle, which connects the upper limb shoulder to the body.
What is the axillary? The axilla, which is the armpit
Brachial: Arm, from elbow to shoulder girdle
What is the scientific name of the region infront of the elbow? antecubital
What is the antebrachium? forearm, from antecubital to hand
What are the carpals? What is this area? A series of eight bones which are lined in two rows of four each; this defines the wrist area
What is the back of the hand called? Dorsum
What is the hand pullex? The thumb
Meta carpals: Bones closest ot the attachment ot the wrist
Proximal Philangees: Nearest to the meta carpals, when going toward the nail
Distal philangees: Digits
What is the scientific name of the little finger? Digiti minime
What is the scientific name of the index finger? anular finger
Back of elbow: Olacranon
How many bones are in the hand? 27
Hollow behind knee is called: Popliteal
What is the groin called? inguinal
What is the joint that connects the leg to abdomen? Pelvic girdle
What is the femeral region? Lower extremity
How will you remember what the femeral region refers to? The femur, the largest bone in the human body is in the theigh, which is the lower extremity
What is the knee cap called? Petellar
What is the leg called? Crural
What is the ankle called Tarsal
What is unique about the thumb and the toe? It has one less bone than the other fingers and toes
What are the meta carpuls of the foot? Meta tarsals
What is the big toe called? Hallux
Meidastinum: The middle of the thoracic cavity covered by pleura
Ear region: Otic
Nose region: Nasal
Upper teeth Maximallary teeth
eye region: Orbital
Created by: talkglitter2486