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Anatomical positions and directional terms
|Erect, feet on floor, facing observer with palms facing observer
|A tumor that has spread or metastasized
|Laying down, facing ceiling
|Laying down, facing floor
|Another word for front:
|Another word for back:
|Superior: (Another word)
|Closer to the head (or cephalic)
|Inferior: (Another word)
|Closer to the legs; Caudal
|To feel something
|Lie on axis
|Examples of axial regions:
|Skull, rip cage, spine
|Appendicular region, attached to axis
|Nearer to attachment to body
|Farther from attachment to body
|nearer to the midline. The ulna is medial to the radius
|What is the midline?
|Imaginary line dividing body in two equal parts
|Farther from the midline The lungs are lateral to the heart
|Between two structures The transverse colon is intermediate between the ascending colon and descending colon
|On the same side of body as another structure The gallbladder and ascending colon are ipsilateral
|On the opposite side of the body as another structure The ascending colon and descending colon are contralateral
|Toward or on the surface of the body The ribs are superficial to the lungs
|Deep (Give an Example)
|Away from the surface of the body The ribs are deep to the skin of the chest and back
|What separates the superior thorax from inferior abdomen?
|Abdominal pelvic cavity
|Region b/w genital area and anus
|Under cervical to pelvis
|loin, lower back
|Thoracic Cavity: What organ does it exclude? Pleural: MediaStinum:
|the chest cavity (excludes the lung): Pleura: Thin membrane that covers the lung Mediastinum: Median portion of the thoracic cavity covered by the pleura.
|Neck, from the back
|What does the prefix ante refer to?
|fore or front
|What is the pectiral girdle?
|The shoulder girdle, which connects the upper limb shoulder to the body.
|What is the axillary?
|The axilla, which is the armpit
|Arm, from elbow to shoulder girdle
|What is the scientific name of the region infront of the elbow?
|What is the antebrachium?
|forearm, from antecubital to hand
|What are the carpals? What is this area?
|A series of eight bones which are lined in two rows of four each; this defines the wrist area
|What is the back of the hand called?
|What is the hand pullex?
|Bones closest ot the attachment ot the wrist
|Nearest to the meta carpals, when going toward the nail
|What is the scientific name of the little finger?
|What is the scientific name of the index finger?
|Back of elbow:
|How many bones are in the hand?
|Hollow behind knee is called:
|What is the groin called?
|What is the joint that connects the leg to abdomen?
|What is the femeral region?
|How will you remember what the femeral region refers to?
|The femur, the largest bone in the human body is in the theigh, which is the lower extremity
|What is the knee cap called?
|What is the leg called?
|What is the ankle called
|What is unique about the thumb and the toe?
|It has one less bone than the other fingers and toes
|What are the meta carpuls of the foot?
|What is the big toe called?
|The middle of the thoracic cavity covered by pleura