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Chapter 12

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Question
Answer
Temperature   The balance between heat loss and heat produced by the body  
Average Oral Temperature   98.6  
Average Rectal Temperature   99.6  
Average Axillary/Groin Temperature   97.6  
Normal Range of Temperature for Oral   97.6-99.6  
Normal Range Of Temperature for Rectal   98.6-100.6  
Normal Range Of Temperature for Axillary/Groin   96.6-98.6  
Oral Temperature   taken in the mouth with a clinical thermometer for 3-5 minutes  
Rectal Temperature   taken in the rectum with a clinical thermometer for 3-5 minutes  
Axillary Temperature   taken in the armpit with a clinical thermometer for 10 minutes  
Groin Temperature   taken in the groin with a clinical thermometer for 10 minutes  
Temporal Temperature   scanning thermometer is passed in a straight line across the forehead. Measures temperature in the temporal artery  
Normal Range of Temperature for Temporal   98.6-100.6  
Average Temporal Temperature   99.6  
Aural Temperature Average   No average  
Aural Temperature Range   No range  
Aural Temperature   Taken in the ear or auditory canal in less than two seconds  
Most accurate thermometer   Temporal  
Causes of increased body temperature   illness, exercise, excitement, and the temperature outside  
Causes of decreased body temperature   starvation, fasting, sleep, decreased muscle activity, mouth breathing, exposure to cold temperatures in the environment, and certain diseases  
What can alter the temperature in the mouth if done less than 15 before oral temperature is taken   Eating, drinking, and smoking  
Hypothermia   Body temperature less than 95  
Causes of hypothermia   Prolonged exposure to the cold  
If body temperature drops below 93 what happens   Death occurs  
Fever   An elevated body temperature above 101  
Causes of fever   Infection or injury  
Another term for fever   Pyrexia  
Febrile   Fever is present  
Afebrile   Fever is not present or temperature is within normal range  
Hyperthermia   Body temperature exceeds 104  
Causes of hyperthermia   Prolonged exposure to hit temperatures, brain damage, and serious infections  
What happens if body temperature exceeds 106   convulsions, brain damage, and even death  
Clinical Thermometer   consists of a slender glass tube containing Mercury or alcohol with red dye, which expands when exposed to heat  
Types of clinical thermometers   glass oral, security oral, and a rectal  
What may be placed on the thermometer when used on a patient   Disposable cover  
Electronic Thermometer   registers the temperature on a viewer in a few seconds  
Typhanic Thermometer   specialized electronic thermometers that record oral temperature ps in the ear  


   






 
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