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Nutrition in Health and Disease

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

The constant internal environment of the body is referred to as: A, Hemostasis B. Homeostasis . C. Hemodynamics and D. Hemoglobin   B. Homeostasis  
Which of the following are fat-soluble vitamins? A. A, B,C and D. B- C,F and K, C- B,C,D, and E or d- A,D,E, and K   D. A, D,E, and K  
Herbal supplements are also known as: A. Phytomedicines B. Minerals. C. Botanicals. D. A and C   D. Phytomedicines and Botanicals  
Development of bones and teeth, transmission of nerve impluses, and blood clotting are valuable functions of which mineral?   Calcium  
An infant requires ____ times more calories per kilogram than an adult   2-3  
Artificial flavors, colors, and ______ that keep food fresh longer are non-nutritive chemical substances commonly added to processed foods.   Preservatives  
The study of the intake of nutrients into the body and how the body processes and uses these nutrients   Nutrition  
Toxicity is most likely in these vitamins, are stored in tissues composed of lipids and in the liver and are'nt easily carried into the bloodstream   Fat - soluble  
A complete protein contains all eight of the essential   Amino acids  
beverages that contain caffeine and alcohol which cause the body to increase urinary output and lose water.   Diuretics  
A nonprotein substance that acts with a catalyst to facilitate chemical reactions in the body   Coenzyme  
Cholrine (CI) is a mineral with an important function, takes place outside the cells of body tissues in the spaces between layers   extracellur  
total changes, chemical and physical that take place in the body   Metabolism  
Ionized minerals with a positive or negative charge. must be carefully balanced   electrocytes  
Begins at mouth with chewing and progresses through the gastrointetinal tract to small intestine   Digestion  
ingested substances that help the body maintain a state of homeostasis   Nutrients  
maintains a constant internal environment of the human body, examples are heartbeat, blood pressure, respiration and body temperature.   homeostasis  
Facilitates chemical reactions by speeding up reaction time without the need for a high-energy output   Catalyst  
Increases level of fat and chikesterol in blood and has hydrogen   Saturated fats  
Characteristic of vitamin E   Oxidation  
amount of energy a substance is measured   Calories  
Potassium is one of the seven   Major minerals  
Vitamins that must be constantly ingested to maintain proper blood levels because they do not store easily   Water soluble  
Vitamin E is a fat- soluble that belongs to a group of compounds whichcounter the damaging effects of oxidation. Beta-carotene   Antioxidants  
Vital to body functioning, includ molybdenum and fluorine   Trace minerals  
Children, pregnant women and lean people take more energy to fuel the muscles than to store fat   Basel metabolic rate  
Type of carb, derived from a plan and supplies fiber   Cellulose  
Ingested only in small quantities , is a important carb for storage of glucose in the body   Glycogen  
An example of a monosaccharide is   Fructose and glucose  
Compounds composed of carbon,hydrogen and oxygen that exist as triglycerides   Fats  
each gram of a carb is how many calories   Four  
Chemical digestion begins with amylase that is secreted by   the salivary glands  
Glucose is stored in   glycogen  
Free radicals are produced when   the body uses oxygen to burn food  
Pyridoxine is the name of which vitamin?   Vitamin B 6  
Pellagra is a disease that is caused by deficiency of vitamin   B 3  
Chloride is important in the   Extracellular  
The abbreviation Na stands for which of the following   Sodium  
Copper, chromium, molybdenum, and selenium are examples of   trace minerals  
Atherosclerosis includes the deposition of the inner walls of arteries   Fat  
Loss of appetite,malnutrition, and wasting, commonly associated with a diagnosis of cancer   Cachectic  
Beriberi is caused by a deficiency of   Niacin  
Another name for Vitamin B12   Cobalamin  
Level of energy required for activities that occer when the body is at rest   Basal metabolic rate.  


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