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Chapter 34

Nutrition in Health and Disease

The constant internal environment of the body is referred to as: A, Hemostasis B. Homeostasis . C. Hemodynamics and D. Hemoglobin B. Homeostasis
Which of the following are fat-soluble vitamins? A. A, B,C and D. B- C,F and K, C- B,C,D, and E or d- A,D,E, and K D. A, D,E, and K
Herbal supplements are also known as: A. Phytomedicines B. Minerals. C. Botanicals. D. A and C D. Phytomedicines and Botanicals
Development of bones and teeth, transmission of nerve impluses, and blood clotting are valuable functions of which mineral? Calcium
An infant requires ____ times more calories per kilogram than an adult 2-3
Artificial flavors, colors, and ______ that keep food fresh longer are non-nutritive chemical substances commonly added to processed foods. Preservatives
The study of the intake of nutrients into the body and how the body processes and uses these nutrients Nutrition
Toxicity is most likely in these vitamins, are stored in tissues composed of lipids and in the liver and are'nt easily carried into the bloodstream Fat - soluble
A complete protein contains all eight of the essential Amino acids
beverages that contain caffeine and alcohol which cause the body to increase urinary output and lose water. Diuretics
A nonprotein substance that acts with a catalyst to facilitate chemical reactions in the body Coenzyme
Cholrine (CI) is a mineral with an important function, takes place outside the cells of body tissues in the spaces between layers extracellur
total changes, chemical and physical that take place in the body Metabolism
Ionized minerals with a positive or negative charge. must be carefully balanced electrocytes
Begins at mouth with chewing and progresses through the gastrointetinal tract to small intestine Digestion
ingested substances that help the body maintain a state of homeostasis Nutrients
maintains a constant internal environment of the human body, examples are heartbeat, blood pressure, respiration and body temperature. homeostasis
Facilitates chemical reactions by speeding up reaction time without the need for a high-energy output Catalyst
Increases level of fat and chikesterol in blood and has hydrogen Saturated fats
Characteristic of vitamin E Oxidation
amount of energy a substance is measured Calories
Potassium is one of the seven Major minerals
Vitamins that must be constantly ingested to maintain proper blood levels because they do not store easily Water soluble
Vitamin E is a fat- soluble that belongs to a group of compounds whichcounter the damaging effects of oxidation. Beta-carotene Antioxidants
Vital to body functioning, includ molybdenum and fluorine Trace minerals
Children, pregnant women and lean people take more energy to fuel the muscles than to store fat Basel metabolic rate
Type of carb, derived from a plan and supplies fiber Cellulose
Ingested only in small quantities , is a important carb for storage of glucose in the body Glycogen
An example of a monosaccharide is Fructose and glucose
Compounds composed of carbon,hydrogen and oxygen that exist as triglycerides Fats
each gram of a carb is how many calories Four
Chemical digestion begins with amylase that is secreted by the salivary glands
Glucose is stored in glycogen
Free radicals are produced when the body uses oxygen to burn food
Pyridoxine is the name of which vitamin? Vitamin B 6
Pellagra is a disease that is caused by deficiency of vitamin B 3
Chloride is important in the Extracellular
The abbreviation Na stands for which of the following Sodium
Copper, chromium, molybdenum, and selenium are examples of trace minerals
Atherosclerosis includes the deposition of the inner walls of arteries Fat
Loss of appetite,malnutrition, and wasting, commonly associated with a diagnosis of cancer Cachectic
Beriberi is caused by a deficiency of Niacin
Another name for Vitamin B12 Cobalamin
Level of energy required for activities that occer when the body is at rest Basal metabolic rate.
Created by: 865789830170914