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IntroWorld Religions

Hinduism study questions

Hinduism sacred texts: Upanishads
Hinduism major laws: Dharma
forest dwelling holy men: rishi
Hinduism basic beliefs: reincarnation, Moksha, Brahman
Sacred writings: A. vedas
Hinduism originated with the: Harrappans in area now known as Pakistan.
Hindu Religion based on befiefs of: Aryans and the Dravidians
Upanishads 5 core Hindu beliefs: human life trapped in an endless cycle of existence. the sense prevents people of understanding ultimate reality Brahman. true self is Atman Darma-causal force which people actions of past determine future salvation through liberation from endless li
Hindu 4 vedas Rig-veda 1000 hyms to nature deities, Ded. to Ingra and Agne. Sama-veda priestly mantras and chants Yujur-veda prayers ritual instruction for sacrifices Atharva-veda blessings, curses, majic an prayers.
the 4 Hindu vedas are: cannonical scripture oral until written down 1500-500 b.c.e.
Veda scriptures consist of what: 4 written hyms
1.Rig-Veda 1000 hyms to nature deities. dedicated to Ingra and Agne
2.Sama-Veda Priestly mantras and chants
3.Yajur-Veda Prayers and ritual instructions for sacrifices.
4.Atharva-Veda blessings,m curses, majical charms and prayers
_____ introduced Sanskrit and nature deities religion to the Harappan civilization? Aryans
Aryan hymns for basis of the? Vedas and depict a priestly religion
Shruti- "that which is revealed"
Shruti or Vedas are what? Hindu cannonical scripture
Vedas given by divine revelations to who? Rishi "forest dwelling holy men"
Smriti- apoprychil Hindu text
Mahabharata contain what: Bhagavad-Gita
The Law of Manu? Sanction Hindu convention gender rolls.
Tantras- Manual of worship. define mantras, mandalas and sexual rituals
Hindu Upanishads- sacred teachings of the gurus
Aryans- worshiped devas influenced Hinduism
Shruti- Cannonical scripture rec. via divine revelation
Smriti- Sacred scripture not by divine revelation.
The Law of Manu- Sanctions Hindu conventions and customs
Puranas- Post Verdic text- for the common folk.
Rig-Veda- Oldest collection of 1000 hyms. dedicated to nature deities.
Vedas are- collection of sacred hyms rec. by "rishis" nature holy men
Rig Veda- Oldest 1000 hyms ded. to nature deities
Sama Veda- priestly chants
Yajur Veda- prayers and instructions for sacrifices
Atharva Veda- Blessings, curses, majical charms and prayers
Karma- literally means action. moral principal present and future destiny.
Samsara- endless cycle of death and rebirth.
Moksha- release from Samsara ( cylce of birth and death and re-birth)
Hindu ultimate goal is: is Moksha. Release from re-birth cycle.
Hindu caste system dates: to the Verdic period.
Hinduism social caste know as: Varnas
Determines person states, roll, privilages, etc.. Social caste system known as Varnas.
1. Rig-Veda- The gods sacrificed Purusha and the 4 caste rose from different parts of his body.
The 4 stages of Hinduism for upper caste system- 1. Dharma 2. Householder 3. Retirement 4. Renuniciation
Hinduism caste sys. 1.Dharma- Study the vedas, exercise self-discipline poractice celibacy
Hinduism caste sys. 2. Householder- form family, successful career, perform civic duties.
Hinduism caste sys. 3. Retirement- Reflect on scripture pursue enlightment
Hindusis caste system 4. Renunciation- Leave everything behind, devote to seeking spirituality allows women as well
Brahman- Supreme reality not a deity
Atman- Persons permanent soul
_____ the source of everything not any single thing? Brahman
Upanishands teach: Brahman and Atman are one and have unity.
Hinduism enlightment and ______ tgat vid abd self are one. realization
Brahman has ___ kinds of reality two
Brahman- Purusha.. ultimate spiritual does not change
Brahman- Prakriti.. inferior, matter, time, space
In Hinduism religion Suffering comes from: thinking that Prakriti is the real world
Samhyka- The two realities of Brahman. Purusha and Prakriti
In Hinduism religion a person can achieve enlightment by realizing what: Brahman- Purusha is supreme reality Prakriti is the inferior reality of time, matter and space
The Advaito Vendata - Purusha as real. Prakriti as an illusion.
Advaito Vendata goal: Pierce through the illusion of Prakriti and obtain oness with the ultimate reality of Purusha.
The goal of Karma is: Moksha (release from cycle of reincarnation)
Dharma instructs people to: accept their station in life.
the stage of retirement includes: reflection on scripture and pursuit of enlightment.
Untouchables. the lowest among the Hindu caste system.
From Brahman persepective Prikiti is: an illusion, inferior reality
Atman: each persons permanent sould
Brahman- Ultimate supreme reality.
Hindu gods. Trimurti- gods are forms of Brahman
Hindu gods. Shaktis- part of Trimurti (forms of Brahman) represent a divine feminine energy.
Two sects devot to Trimurti Brahma emerged 200-300 BCE Vishnu and Shiva
Triveda Brahma creator god. not same as verdic Brahma
Vishnu- compassionate deity worshiped as Rama or Krishna
The most popular deity: Vishnu
Triveda Brahma believes: everything created by Brahma making him a remote high god who is removed from everyday life.
Triveda Brahma the god preserver is: Vishnu
Triveda Brahma the goddess of aret, music and education is: Swarswati
in Brahma Triveda, Vishnu is considered: compassionate deity, preserver god.
in Brahma Triveda, Shiva- is considered: destroyer, destroys evil and threaten dharma.
Swaswati- the goddess of art, music and education in the Hinduism Brahma triveda
Most popular deity in Brahma Triveda? Vishnu, also worshiped as Rama or Krishna
Vishnu is also worshiped as Rama or Krishna and is considered the most popular deity in Brahma Triveda Hindu religion.
Hinduism elephant head deity is the: Ganesh
Evidence of Shiva worship found at ___ archaelogical sites and pre-dates Verdic deities- Harappan
Ganesh deity is the elephant head which is thes two together- Shiva and Parvati
Hinduism 4 paths. 1. Karma 2. Artha 3. Dharma 4. Moksha pleasure- inferior path unity with the world through sex. Sucessor- also regarded as inf. household stage of life duty emphasizes duty release from endless cycle through the 4 paths.
hinduism 4 paths; 1. Kama Pleasure, unity with the world through sex.
Hinduism 4 paths; 2. Artha Household, sucessor also regarded as inferior
Hinduism 4 paths; 3. Dharma Duty, emphasizes duty reunifruation
Hindusim 4 paths; 4. Moksha Release from endless cycles through 4 paths, choose from 4 ways to achieve Moksha
Hinduism 4 paths to release from Moksha (endless life cycle) 1. Marga raga One of the 4 ways in Hinduism to be released from Moksha. Meditation
Hinduism 4 paths to release from Moksha (endless life cycle) 2. Marga Juana one of the 4 ways in Hinduism religion to be released from Moksha knowledge/ self reflection
Hinduism 4 paths to release from Moksha (endless life cycle) 3. Marga Karma One of the four paths in the Hindu religion to be released from Moksha duty and service to God no thought of reward
Hinduism 4 paths to release from Moksha (endless life cycle) 4. Marga Bhakti in the Hindu religion one of the four paths to be released from Moksha. (endless life cycle) devotion worship life to personal deity.
In the Hindu religion there are four paths to be released from _____. You may choose to follow one of these paths. Moksha ( the endless cycle of birth and re-birth)
Hinduism religious rituals are most oftern at ____ alters. domestic alters. ritual around family, rites of passage worship at domestic alters.
Hinduism funerals are performed how: cremation, ashes scattered in sacred rivers.
In the Hinduism religion where did the cow veneration come from: The aryans who sacrificed cows.
In Hindu worship. Puja means- links people to the divine. may be offered at temple or at home
In Hindu worship. Tempa Puja means- wash before entering the temple
In Hindu worship. Darshan- appearance of divine through religious images.
Yoga in the Hindu worship. what are the four types of yoga? Raja yoga Jnana yoga Karma yoga Bhakti yoga
1.Raja yoga mediation- calm and quite the min in order to know the Atman (persons personal soul)
2. Jnana yoga - way of knowledge ignorance root of all evil
3. Karma yoga -the way of duty, people to serve god, worshiper act as if serving god.
4. Bhakti yoga -way of personal devotion. union with deity through worship surrender to god.
In Hinduism religion Atman is: persons personal soul
In Hinduism religion there are ____ types of yoga four
mediation- calm and quiet, the mind in order to know Atman, physical postures, breathing and uttering Raja yoga
way of knowledge ignorance root of all evil Jnana yoga
the way of duty, people to serve god, the path worshiper as as if serving god. Karma yoga
way of personal devotion, union with deity through worship surrender to god. Bhakti yoga
In the Hindu religion the teachers of the Upanishands are called: guru's
In the Hindu religion ___ memmbers of mystic religous orders. goal of Moksha Sadhus
The most popula yoga in the Hindu religion: Bhakti yoga
Sadhus in the Hindu religion? are members of mystic religous orders. theri goal is Moksha. release of the 4 paths.
In the Hindu religion there are 6 philosophical systems recorded in the Yoga sutras called the ___ Vedas
In the Hindu religion smiti did what: made the Upshads available to the masses
In the Hindu religion _______ followed a single deity? Puraras
In the 16th century _______ conquered India and introduced Islam to India. Moghuls
_____ was the ruler of Islam and favorable to the Hindu religion? Akbar
During the Moghul empire in India what was introduced to India? Islam
The Moghul rulers were what? Islamic monotheist religion
The Taj Mahal was where? Agar India, built for a princess
The blending of Islam and Hinduism religion is known as: Sikhism
Akbar was _____ ruler and favorable to Hindu religion? Islamic
What happend in India during the British rule? Christian tried to change the Hindu religous practice. English became India official language.
The British rule of India ended in 1947 due to : Mahatma Ghandi
Mahatma Ghandi was the Hindu leader and lived when: 1869-1948
In the Hindu religion Bhaktivedarta wirship who? Krishna thru Vishna
Vedanto is aka: Krishna
Viekanada use what ancient language/script Sanskrit
Yoganda means: Yoga teaching to Americans. self-realization
The Beattles used ____ mediation in the Hindu religion? Transcendental mediation. Makarishimah
ISKCON- Bhaktivedanta -worship Krishna thru Vishna
What happened in India during the classical age? Smriti emerged.
What happended in India during the Moghul age? Islamic influence imposed on Hindus
What happend in India during the British rule- Muslim spearatists ceded India established pakistan.
In India the Hindu Mohandas Ghandi movement was? non-violent
What did Ram Mohan roy attempt in India? to westernized Hinduism
Hindu yoga in california practiced? Yoganda yoga- self realiztion
Hindu yoga in New York? Viekanda yoga- Vedanta-Krishna
the Beattle practiced Hindu yoga? Maharishi mah yoga
Hinduism social dharma? major laws:
Human life traped in an endless cylce of existences 1. in the 5 core beliefs in the Hindu Upanishads
The sense prevents peo;e understanding that ultimate reality is Brahman (source of all life) 2. in the 5 core beliefs in the Hindu Upanishads
true self is Atman (atman is Brahman) 3. in the 5 core beliefs in the Hindu Upanishads.
Karma is the causal force in which peoples past actions determine their future. 4. in the 5 core beliefs in the Hindu Upanishads.
Salvation achieved through liberation from endless cycle of existences. 5. in the 5 core beliefs in the Hindu Upanishads.
The Aryans conquered teh Harappan civilization in 1st century. aryan hmns for basis of the vedas and depict_______ a priestly religion
The Vedas from the Aryans are given by divine revelations to??? Rishi "forest dwelling holy men"
There are 4 vedas which came into the Hindu religion after the Harappan civilization conquered by the Aryans. the 4 vedas are what? canonical scripture given orally unitl written down between 1500-500 bce
The veda scripture consist of 4 written hyms. what is the first of the vedas Rig-veda, 1000 hyms to nature deities. dedicated to Ingra and Agne (lord/praised)
The veda scripture consist of 4 hyms what is number two in the vedas? Sama-veda - priestly mantras and chants
the veda scripture consist of 4 hymns what is number three? Yajur-veda, prayers, ritual instruction for sacrifices.
There are four veda canonical scripture in the Hindu religion what is number four? Atharva-veda, blessings, curses, magical charms and prayers.
In the Hindu religion the sacred teachings of the gurus is called: Upanishads
In Hindu ______ worshiped devas and influenced Hinduism? the Aryans which conquered the Harappan civilization and infuenced Hindu with the Vedas.
Hinduism- Shruti is: cannonical scripture ce. via divine revelation.
Hinduism - Smriti is: sacred scripture NOT divine revelation
In Hinduism the Law of Manu- sanctions Hindu conventions and customs
Hinduism Puranas is: post-verdic text- its for the common folk.
The Vedas are ? collection of sacred hymns rec. by "rishis" nature holy men.
In Hindu religion Karma_ if favorable in rebirth will what? have a higher place in live
In Hindu religion if you live in poverty it is r/t ______ Karma in your past life.
IN Hindu religion- Karma literally means: action, moral principal
what religious group sought to convert Hindus in the first millenium? Muslims
According to the Artha Shasta which human end of life is most important? Artha
Hinduism 3 paths of salvation (yogas) are: yama, niyama and asana
the Lingam is prominent in the worship of which Hindu god? "Shiva"
In the Hindu religion Shiva literally means lingam
Traditionally in the Hindu religion is considered what? tolerant
Most forms of Hinduism are ___________ religions. They recognize a single deity, and view other Gods and Goddesses as manifestations or aspects of that supreme God. henotheistic.
Hinduism differs from Christianity and other monotheistic religions in that it does not have: a single founder, a specific theological system, a single concept of deity, a single holy text, a single system of morality, a central religious authority, the concept of a prophet.
Hinduism has grown to become the world's _______, after Christianity and Islam. third largest religion.
Tantra is found in advanced Hindu, Vajray─üna Buddhist, and other religious practices throughout Asia. It is an ancient ritual involving extensive preparation and prior education by the practitioners under the close direction of their guru (teacher).
Tantric texts state that sexual activity can have three separate and distinct purposes: procreation, pleasure and liberation.
who use tantric sex to seek liberation abstain from reaching an "... orgasm in favor of a higher form of ectasy.
During ritual sex, the male participant represents the god Shiva; the female represents the goddess Kundalini Shakti. At the same time, "... each participant experiences: fusion of their own Shiva and Shakti energies.
Hindus organize their lives around certain activities or ___________. "purusharthas."
The activities or ___ Hindu center their life around are called the "four aims of Hinduism or _________ doctorine of the fourfold end of life.
the Hindu religion calls ceremonial dinner for a god ______ "puja
Hinduism practice the fourfold end of life which is::: pravritti with (3 goals) and nivritti (one goal)
Hinduism pravritt's 3 goals are: dharma - follow religious life artha- financial success kama- gratification of the senses.
Hinduism goal of "nivritti" is: Moksa which is liberation from samsara (re-birth cycle)
"Ekam Sataha Vipraha Bahudha Vadanti," which may be translated: " The truth is one" in Hinduism.
the sixth book of the Mahabharata. It is a poem describing a conversation between a warrior Arjuna and the God Krishna. Bhagavad Gita
It is a poem describing a conversation between a warrior Arjuna and the god___ Krishna
The Hindu belief in basic human values is called: "yama"
The basic human "yama" value of- speak the truth is called? 'satyam
The basic human "yama" value of- non-violence is called: "ahimsa
The basic human "yama" value of- do not "stena" steal is called: "asteyam"
the basic human "yam" value of- compassion and sympathy is called: "daya"
The basic human "yama" value of- combine virtue of patience, forgiveness and tolerance is called: "kshanti"
the veda called "rig" is the basic theme of? 1000 hymns oldest. dedicated to nature deities
the veda called "sama" is the basic theme of? priestly chants
veda called "yajur" is the basic theme of? prayers, and of instructions for sacrafice
the veda called "atharva" is the basic theme of? blessings, curses, magical charms and prayers.
The Law of Manu aka: "manara dharma shastra"
the Hindu Upanishads are: sacred teachings of the gurus.
the four Hindu vedas are also known collectively as the : "chathurveda"
the Law of manu is what: sanctions, and customs of domestic, social and religious life.
The four ways to achieve Moksha____ the fourth of the Hinduism four paths. 1. Marga Raga- meditation 2. Marga Juana - knowledge self reflection 3. marga Karma - duty and service to god. withouth thoughts of reward 4. marga Bhakti- devotion worship life to personal deity.
Marga Raga meditation
marga juan knowledge/ self reflection
marga Karma duty and service to god. no thought of self reward
marga bhakti devotion worship life to personal deity.
Created by: BJHughes707
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