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DSST World Religions
|Judaism's place of origin, "between the rivers"
|He is considered to be the father of Judaism and had a promise with God
|This man had twelve sons for whom the twelve tribes of Israel were named
|The Hebrews were enslaved by him and were later led out of captivity in Egypt.
|Moses led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt in what is known as this.
|The Israelites wandered in the desert for this many years before entering the Promised Land
|During his reign, he was instructed by God to build a temple after which the Land of Israel developed into a great center of commerce.
|Of the two kingdoms, this northern kingdom consisted of ten tribes.
|Kingdom of Israel
|Of the two kingdoms, this southern kingdom consisted of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin.
|Kingdom of Judah
|The "ten lost tribes of Israel" were scattered across the empire by which conquering people.
|Judah was conquered under King Nebuchadnezzar and taken into captivity here.
|This scattering of the Jewish people occurred when Judah was conquered by the Babylonians in 586 BC and the First Temple was destroyed.
|In 538 BC Babylon was overthrown by the Persian empire. After 70 years in captivity, this Persian leader allowed the Jews to return to Judea.
|Cyrus the Great
|The God who revealed himself to Moses and became the God of the Israelites. Also called Elohim, El Shaddai, Adonai, etc.
|This belief in one god was uncommon during the time of Ancient Israel.
|A day of rest and worship at a synagogue which is observed each Saturday.
|A minor holiday which has become more prominent in the last century for Jews who live in areas that celebrate Christmas.
|The most conservative branch of Judaism which retains nearly all traditional rituals and practices.
|The least conservative branch of Judaism, founded by Moses Mendelssohn, takes a liberal approach to many Jewish beliefs and practices.
|This branch of Judaism takes a moderate approach in application of Judaism to the modern world.
|Founded by Israel ben Eliezere this branch of Judaism is more mystical and includes beliefs in prophetic dreams,miracles, and spiritual healing.
|A modern American-based Jewish movement founded by Mordecai Kaplan views Judaism as progressively evolving in a modern culture.
|First used as a symbol of Jewish identity in the 1300s.
|Star of David
|The first five books of the Hebrew Bible are called this.
|A second temple was rebuilt, but they destroyed it in 70 AD
|A collection of writings on the interpretation of the law contained in the Torah debated and written down by rabbis.
|Under Adolf Hitler, this mass execution of millions of Jews by the Nazis during World War II
|Moses who led the Israelites out of Egypt, later received God's Ten Commandments at this location.
|A candlestick with seven branches was first used in the Tabernacle in the desert.
|In 1948, this state was formed as a homeland for the Jews.
|When this Roman Emperor made Christianity the state religion in 313 AD, persecution of the Jewish people became commonplace.
|In Spain during the 900s and 1000s, known as Spain's Golden Age, these two religions shared each other's ideas and lived together in harmony.
|Judaism and Islam
|An urban area occupied by those rejected by a society, such as quarters for Jews in some European cities.
|These Jews of Spain and the Mediterranean spoke in a mixture of old Spanish and Hebrew known as Ladino.
|The Ashkenazi Jews settled in central Europe and Germany and spoke in this mixture of German and Hebrew
|In Judaism, the shrine containing God’s commandments to Moses
|Ark of the Covenant
|a binding agreement between god and the Israelites
|The "anointed," the expected king and deliverer of the Jews; a term later applied by Christians to Jesus
|Historically, a Jewish teacher; at present, the ordained spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation