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WR--Judaism 1

DSST World Religions

QuestionAnswer
Judaism's place of origin, "between the rivers" Mesopotamia
He is considered to be the father of Judaism and had a promise with God Abraham
This man had twelve sons for whom the twelve tribes of Israel were named Jacob
The Hebrews were enslaved by him and were later led out of captivity in Egypt. Pharoah
Moses led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt in what is known as this. Exodus
The Israelites wandered in the desert for this many years before entering the Promised Land 40
During his reign, he was instructed by God to build a temple after which the Land of Israel developed into a great center of commerce. King Solomon
Of the two kingdoms, this northern kingdom consisted of ten tribes. Kingdom of Israel
Of the two kingdoms, this southern kingdom consisted of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. Kingdom of Judah
The "ten lost tribes of Israel" were scattered across the empire by which conquering people. Assyrians
Judah was conquered under King Nebuchadnezzar and taken into captivity here. Babylon
This scattering of the Jewish people occurred when Judah was conquered by the Babylonians in 586 BC and the First Temple was destroyed. Diaspora
In 538 BC Babylon was overthrown by the Persian empire. After 70 years in captivity, this Persian leader allowed the Jews to return to Judea. Cyrus the Great
The God who revealed himself to Moses and became the God of the Israelites. Also called Elohim, El Shaddai, Adonai, etc. YHWH (Yahweh)
This belief in one god was uncommon during the time of Ancient Israel. Monotheism
A day of rest and worship at a synagogue which is observed each Saturday. Sabbath
A minor holiday which has become more prominent in the last century for Jews who live in areas that celebrate Christmas. Hanukkah
The most conservative branch of Judaism which retains nearly all traditional rituals and practices. Orthodox Judaism
The least conservative branch of Judaism, founded by Moses Mendelssohn, takes a liberal approach to many Jewish beliefs and practices. Reform Judaism
This branch of Judaism takes a moderate approach in application of Judaism to the modern world. Conservative Judaism
Founded by Israel ben Eliezere this branch of Judaism is more mystical and includes beliefs in prophetic dreams,miracles, and spiritual healing. Hasidic Judaism
A modern American-based Jewish movement founded by Mordecai Kaplan views Judaism as progressively evolving in a modern culture. Reconstruction Judaism
First used as a symbol of Jewish identity in the 1300s. Star of David
The first five books of the Hebrew Bible are called this. Torah
A second temple was rebuilt, but they destroyed it in 70 AD the Romans
A collection of writings on the interpretation of the law contained in the Torah debated and written down by rabbis. Talmud
Under Adolf Hitler, this mass execution of millions of Jews by the Nazis during World War II Holocaust
Moses who led the Israelites out of Egypt, later received God's Ten Commandments at this location. Mount Sinai
A candlestick with seven branches was first used in the Tabernacle in the desert. Menorah
In 1948, this state was formed as a homeland for the Jews. Israel
When this Roman Emperor made Christianity the state religion in 313 AD, persecution of the Jewish people became commonplace. Constantine
In Spain during the 900s and 1000s, known as Spain's Golden Age, these two religions shared each other's ideas and lived together in harmony. Judaism and Islam
An urban area occupied by those rejected by a society, such as quarters for Jews in some European cities. Ghetto
These Jews of Spain and the Mediterranean spoke in a mixture of old Spanish and Hebrew known as Ladino. Sephardi Jews
The Ashkenazi Jews settled in central Europe and Germany and spoke in this mixture of German and Hebrew Yiddish
In Judaism, the shrine containing God’s commandments to Moses Ark of the Covenant
a binding agreement between god and the Israelites Covenant
The "anointed," the expected king and deliverer of the Jews; a term later applied by Christians to Jesus Messiah
Historically, a Jewish teacher; at present, the ordained spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation Rabbi
Created by: pinetreeacademy