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WR--Judaism 2

DSST World Religions

QuestionAnswer
Angel In the Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Islamic traditions, an invisible servant of God.
Anti-Semitism hatred and persecution of the Jewish people
Apocalypse In Judaism and Christianity, the dramatic end of the present age.
Ashkenazim Jews who lived in Europe, especially Eastern Europe
Bar Mitzvah The coming-of-age ceremony for a Jewish boy.
Bat Mitzvah The coming-of-age ceremony for a Jewish girl in some modern congregations.
Essenes Monastic Jews who were living communally, apart from the world, about the time of Jesus.
Gemara Commentary on the Mishnah compiled from the rabbinic academies of Palestine and Babylon.
Gentile Any person who is not of Jewish faith or origin
Haggadah means “telling” in Hebrew, is a written guide to the Passover seder, which commemorates the Israelites’ Exodus from Egypt.
Kabbalah (cabala) The Jewish mystical tradition
Kosher That which is ritually clean or acceptable in Judaism; usually applied to food or food preparation
Liturgy In Christianity and Judaism, the rites of public worship
Midrash The literature of delving into the Torah
Mikva A deep bath for ritual cleansing in Judaism
Minyan The quorum of ten adult males required for Jewish communal worship
Mishnah Hebrew summary of the oral law arranged by topic, inherited from Pharisaism but attributed to Moses. Authority parallels the written Torah
Mitzvah In Judaism, a divine commandment or sacred deed in fulfillment of a commandment.
Passover The Spring festival that commemorates the exodus of the Jews from Egypt
Pentateuch The five books of Moses at the beginning of the Hebrew Bible. The Torah
Pharisees Most popular Jewish sect representing the middle class. Interpreted scripture broadly but still legalistic.
Pogrom An attack against Jews
Purim Jewish holiday that celebrates the deliverance of the Jews from destruction at the hands of the Persians
Rosh Hashanah The Jewish New Year
Sadducees Jewish aristocracy and priestly party that embraced Hellenization, read laws literally, and denied life after death.
Seder Ceremonial Jewish meal in remembrance of the Passover
Shavuot “Feast of Weeks”; Jewish holiday in remembrance of the giving of the Ten Commandments
Shema Deuteronomy 6:4, “Hear O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord; and you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might.”
Sukkot Jewish autumn festival of thanksgiving
Synagogue Literally, “assembly”; the meeting of Jews for study and prayer
T’fillin A small leather box with verses about God's covenant with the Jewish people, bound to the forehead and arm
Talmud Jewish law and lore, as finally compiled in the sixth century CE
Tanakh The Jewish scriptures
Yarmulke Skull cap worn by Jewish males at worship
Yom Kippur The most solemn day of the Jewish calendar also known as the Day of Atonement
Zealots Jewish political revolutionaries who rejected Roman authority sometimes forcefully.
Zionism Movement founded in the late 19th century by Herzl which sought to find a national home for the Jews scattered throughout the world
Created by: pinetreeacademy
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