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WR--Christianity #2

DSST World Religions

QuestionAnswer
Catholic Universal, all-inclusive. Christian churches referring to themselves as this claim to be the representatives of the ancient undivided Christian church.
Ecumenism Dialogue between Christian denominations.
Epiphany the recognition of Jesus's spiritual kingship by the three Magi.
Gnosticism an early Christian heresy that contained mystical perception of spiritual knowledge
Icon A sacred image, a term used especially for the paintings of Jesus, Mary, and the saints of the Eastern Orthodox Christian Church.
liberation theology Christianity expressed as solidarity with the poor.
Second Vatican Council The Catholic Council from 1962 through 1965 that exemplified an openness to accepting modern elements into the Catholic faith.
Relic In some forms of Christianity, part of the body or clothing of a saint.
Sacrament Outward, visible sign of inward, spiritual grace. Most churches recognize baptism and the eucharist as sacraments; some churches recognize 5 others: confirmation, marriage, Holy Orders (ordination), reconciliation (confession)& Annointing of the Sick.
Synod In Christianity, a council of church officials called to reach agreement on doctrines and administration.
Synoptic Referring to three similar books of the Christian Bible: Matthew, Mark, and Luke.
Transubstantiation the idea that wine and bread are mystically transformed into the blood and body of Christ during the eucharist (communion) sacrament.
See An area under the authority of a Christian bishop or archbishop.
Purgatory In some branches of Christianity, an intermediate after-death state in which souls are purified from sin.
Kenotic In Russian Orthodox Christianity, belief in the monastic pattern of ascetic poverty combined with service in the world
Apocalypticism The belief that the world will soon come to an end; this belief usually includes the notion of a great battle, final judgment, and the reward of the good.
Bishop a priest and church leader who is in charge of a large geographical area called a diocese.
patriarch The bishop of one of the major ancient sites of Christianity (Jerusalem, Rome, Alexandria, Antioch, Constantinople, and Moscow).
anabaptist Literally "rebaptizer"/ a group of Protestant reformers who insisted that baptism is for adult believers only. Baptists, Mennonites, Amish, Hutterites & Brethren all belong to this group.
Babylonian Captivity of the Church period between 1309 and 1377 when the papacy of the Roman Catholic Church was at Avignon, France
Coptic Church the traditional Monophysite Christian church originating and centering in Egypt which traces its history to the earliest Christian communities
Council of Trent Convened in 1545 by the Roman Catholic Church to reform the church and oppose the actions of Protestants
deacon Literally, "servant," "attendant," "minister"; a functionary in Christian churches
extreme unction Roman Catholic last rite given to the dying
Immaculate conception of Mary Dogma of the Roman Catholic Church; holds that Mary was born without the taint of original sin
Lollards Wandering preachers; the movement was instituted by John Wycliffe in England during the 14th century AD
Marcionism Early christian heresy named for Marcion of Rom. Marcionism rejected the God of the Old Testament and all theological and literary attachments to the Old Testament
penance sacrament in which the Christian confesses sin and receives absolution; also, an act performed to show sorrow or repentance for sin
repentance turning away from wrongdoing, expressing sorrow fro sins, and resolving to do good
Roman Catholicism half of the world's Christians belong to this denomination
Created by: pinetreeacademy