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AP human geo vocab

chapter one vocab

Agricultural Density The ratio of the number of farmers to the total land suitable for agriculture.
Arithmetic Density The total number of people divided by the total land area.
Base Line AN east-west line designated under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States.
Cartography the science of making maps
Concentration The spread of something over a given area.
Connections Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space
Contagious Diffusion The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature r trend throughout a population
Cultural ecology Geographic approach that emphasizes the human environment relationships
Culture The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group's distinct tradition.
Density The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area,
Diffusion The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
Distance decay The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Distribution The arrangement of something across Earth's surface
Environmental determinism A nineteenth- and early twentieth century approach to the study of geography which argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the physical encvironment caused
Expansion diffusion The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
Globalization Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in maiking something worldwide in scope.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) The time in that zone emcompassing the prime meridian or 0 degrees longitude.
Hearth The region from which inovative ideas originate
Hierarchical diffusion The spread of a feature or trend form one key person or node of authourity or power to other persons or places
ITNernational Date LIne AN arc that for the most part forllows 180 degrees longitude, Athough it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. WHen you cross the International Date lIne heading east, The clock moves back 24 hours or one entire day. visa versa
Land Ordinance of 1785 A law that divided much of the United states into the townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers
Latitude The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator
Location The position of anything on Earth's surface
Longitude The numbering system lused to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian
Map A two dimensional, or flat, representation of Earths surface or a portion of it.
mental Map A representation of a porion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located
Meridian An arc drawn on a map between the North and SOuth poles.
Parallel A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and a right angles to the meridians
Pattern The geometric or regular arrangement of something a study area.
Physiological density The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture
Place A specific point on Earth distinguished by a paritcular character.
Polder Land crated by the dutch by draining water from an area
Possibilism The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, byt people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternitives
Prime Meridian The meridian, disignated as 0 degrees longitude, that passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwhich England
Principal meridian A north south line desinated in the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the US.
Projection The system used to transfer locations form Earth's surface to a flat map.
Region An area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features
Regional studies An approach to geography that emphasizes the relationships among social and physical phenomena in a particualr study area.
Relocation diffusion The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
Created by: 100002448080326
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