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Unit 1 (1.1)

introduction to maps

TermDefinition
Scale Generally the relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and earth as a whole, specifically the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth's surface
Space The the physical gap or interval between two objects
Maps an illustration of land or other geographic, political or historical features
Cartographer a person who makes maps
spatial patterns ways in which people, places and characteristics are organized on the Earth's surface
reference maps Maps that show the absolute location of places and geographic features determined by a frame of reference, typically latitude and longitude
Thematic maps maps that tell stories, typically showing the degree of some attribute or the movement of a geographic phenomenon
Absolute location exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates (lat,log)
Relative location the position of a place in relation to another place
Map projection a way of representing the spherical earth on a flat surface
Distortion a change in the shape, size or position of a place when it is shown on a map
Clustering the tendency to put similar or related items in groups
Dispersal movement of individuals away from centers of high population density or their area of origin
Absolute distance The distance that can be measured with a standard unit length, such as a mile or kilometre
Relative distance Is a measure of the social, cultural and economic relatedness or connectivity between two places-how connected or disconnected they are-despite their absolute distance from each other
Latitude lines (parallel lines) The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels draw on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator
Longitude lines (meridian lines) The number system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian
Contiguous Sharing a common border; touching (Contiguous U.S)
Mental map (Cognitive map) A representation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place that contains personal impressions of what is in the place and where the place is located
elevation Height above sea level
Density Is the number of things-people, animals, or objects in a specific area
 



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