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Unit 1 Vocab Part 1

1.1, 1.4

Physical Geography The study of natural processes and the distribution of features in the environment such as landforms, plants, animals, and climate.
Human Geography The study of the events and processes that have shaped how humans understand, use and alter Earth.
Spatial perspective A way of thinking about how and why physical features or processes are positioned in geographic space.
Ecological perspective The relationship between living things and their environments.
Cartographer A map maker
Toponym A place name, especially one derived from a topographical feature.
Globalization The expansion of economic, cultural and political processes on a worldwide scale.
Infrastructure Structures, systems and facilities serving the economy of a business, industry, country, city, town, or area; including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.
Cognitive (Mental) Map Any visual representation of a person's mental model (how they remember) a given place on earth’s surface.
Reference Map Designed for people to refer to for general information about places about a place. Two common types: political and physical.
Political Map Shows political boundaries like state and national borders and capital and major cities.
Physical Map Shows the Earth’s identifiable natural landscape features, including: mountains, lakes, rivers (natural places).
Thematic Map Shows spatial aspects of information or of a phenomenon. Data about a place. Several different types.
Absolute Distance A distance that can be measured using a standard unit of length.
Relative Distance Distance is measured in terms of time or money.
Absolute Direction The cardinal directions North, South, East, and West.
Relative Direction "Go up the street and then take the next left followed by a quick right." This would be considered Relative Direction.
Clustered Objects that are close together. A form of distribution.
Dispersed Movement of individuals or things away from centers of high population density or the origin. A form of distribution.
Elevation Distance above sea level.
Absolute Location The exact location of an object or place.
Relative Location A description of where a place is in relation to other places or features.
Site This refers to a place's absolute location, as well as its physical characteristics, such as the landforms, climate, and resources. Where you are.
Situation Refers to a place's location in relation to other places or its surrounding features. How you describe a place once you get there.
Space An area between two or more things on Earth's surface.
Place Location on Earth that is distinguished by its physical and human characteristics.
Distributed The arrangement of a feature or data point within a given space. Look for patterns.
Pattern Patterns that can be found in how things are arranged in a particular space.
Density The number of things in a specific area.
Distance Decay The principle that states that the farther away one thing is from another, the less interaction the two things will have.
Time-space compression The process causing the relative distance (perceived distance) between places to shrink.
Created by: MelanieLeavitt
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