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Migration

QuestionAnswer
Asylum Seeker someone who has migrated to another country in the hope of being recognized as refugee
Brain Drain Large-scale emigration by talented people
Chain Migration Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there. (kinship links) Networks of relatives and friends.
Circular Migration The temporary movement of a migrant worker between home and host countries to seek employment
Circulation short-term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis
counterurbanization Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries
Emigration Migration from a location (EXIT)
forced migration permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors
Guest worker Workers who migrate to the more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern and eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of higher-paying jobs
Immigration Migration to a new location (INTO)
Internally displaced person (IDP) Someone who has been forced to migrate for similar political reasons as a refugee but has not migrated across an international border
Internal migration permanent movement within a particular country
International migration permanent movement from one country to another
Interregional migration Permanent movement from one region of a county to another
Intervening obstacle an environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration
Intraregional migration Permanent movement within one region of a country
Human migration involving a permanent move to a new location
Mobility All types of movement from one location to another.
Net migration The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration.
Pull factor A factor that induces people to move to a new location.
Push factor A factor that induces people to leave old residences.
Quotes In reference to migration, laws that place maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year
Refugees people who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationally, membership in a social group, or political opinion
Remittances money migrants send back to family and friends in their home countries, often in cash, forming an important part of economy in many poorer countries.
Step migration migration that follows a path of a series of stages or steps towards a final destination
Transhumance The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
transnational migration a process of movement and settlement across international borders in which individuals maintain or build multiple networks of connection to their country of origin while at the same time settling in a new country
Unauthorized immigrants People who enter a country without proper documents
Voluntary migration Permanent movement undertaken by choice
Xenophbia A strong Dislike of people who practice another culture (fear of foreigners)
Friction of distance A concept that states that the longer a journey is, the more time, effort, and cost it will involve
Intervening opportunity an occurrence that causes migrants to pause their journey by choice
Human trafficking defined by the United Nations as the recruitment, transportation, harboring, or receipt of persons by improper means such as force, abduction, fraud, or coercion.
Created by: Ajsteele
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