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Language

QuestionAnswer
Bilinguality Speaking two languages
Creole (or creolized) language A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
Dialect A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
Extinct language A language that was once use by people in daily activities but is no longer used
Indo- European Language family including the germanic and romance languages that is spoken by about 50% of the world's people
Isogloss A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
Isolated language A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
Language A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning
Language branch A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or old as with languages families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that these derived from the same family
Language family A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
Language group A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary
Lingua franca A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
Linguist Scientist who studies language
Literary tradition A language that is written as well as spoken
Logogram/ideogram A symbol that represents a word rather than a sound
Monolinguality Speaking only one language
Multilinguality Speaking several languages
Official language The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
Pidgin language A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
Acculturation Where people within one culture adopt some of the traits of another while still retaining their own distinct culture.
Assimilation Is a category of acculturation in which the interaction of two cultures results in one culture adopting almost ALL of the customs, traditions, language, and other culture traits of the other. An individual or group that has fully assimilated into a culture will be indistinguishable socially and culturally from others in the culture.
Syncretism Sometimes traits from two or more cultures blend together to form a new custom, idea, value, or practice. This process of innovation combining different cultural features into something new is called syncretism. Cultural syncretism is an effect of diffusion that can occur through circumstances such as military conquest, marriages between groups, and others. The result is a combination of two cultures to create new ideas, values or practices.
Created by: Ajsteele
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